The Institute of Education Sciences (IES) publishes practice guides in education
to bring the best available evidence and expertise to bear on the types o systemicchallenges that cannot currently be addressed by single interventions or programs.Authors o practice guides seldom conduct the types o systematic literature searchesthat are the backbone o a meta-analysis, although they take advantage o such workwhen it is already published. Instead, authors use their expertise to identiy themost important research with respect to their recommendations, augmented by asearch o recent publications to ensure that research citations are up-to-date.Unique to IES-sponsored practice guides is that they are subjected to rigorous exter-nal peer review through the same oce that is responsible or independent reviewo other IES publications. A critical task or peer reviewers o a practice guide is todetermine whether the evidence cited in support o particular recommendations isup-to-date and that studies o similar or better quality that point in a dierent di-rection have not been ignored. Because practice guides depend on the expertise o their authors and their group decisionmaking, the content o a practice guide is notand should not be viewed as a set o recommendations that in every case dependson and ows inevitably rom scientic research.The goal o this practice guide is to ormulate specic and coherent evidence-basedrecommendations or use by educators to address the challenge o reducing behav-ior problems in elementary school classrooms. The guide provides practical, clearinormation on critical behavior-related topics and is based on the best availableevidence, as judged by the panel. Recommendations presented in this guide shouldnot be construed to imply that no urther research is warranted on the eectivenesso particular strategies or preventing and intervening with behavior problems.