INFORMATION SECURITY STUDIES AND ANALYSIS CENTER ± E-LIBRARY
BIO-TERRORISM: UNREALISTIC WEAPON OR AN UNAPPRECIATED THREATBio-terrorism is a kind of terrorism which uses biologicalagents for spreading fear and intimidation upon individualor individual groups, for religious, political, financial, orpersonal purposes
. Several lists of lethal biological agentsthat may be transformed in biological weapons are widelyknown. All these agents are mostly available in the different parts of the world
Biological weapons are included in the group of weapons of mass destruction ±CBRN.Biological toxins and pathogens are genetically modified and weaponized in order to addgreater lethality to their influence. Biological pathogens and toxins are characterized bydramatic irregularity and unpredictability; if their genetic code is not modified and adjusted inlaboratory to the different environmental conditions,their resistance could vary substantially. Biologicalweapons may be disseminated by various methods:air, food, and water contamination, also skin and blood infection. The results of food and water contamination by biological weapons are very similar to epidemics, and terrorists rarely address thesemethods of dissemination; while air, skin and bloodinfections represent quite attractive methods for them.The process of BW dissemination appears to be pretty challenging. In particular, biologicalweapons should undergo a specific mutation in order to retain their lethal characteristics when placed in divergent balloons and containers.
Even though, nowadays terrorist groups and organizations are not particularly concentrated onusing biological weapons in their activities, the history of BW application is rather impressive.
Several noteworthy cases can be cited from the history: in fourteenth centuryTartars spread epidemic called The Great Plague as a result of which one-third of theEuropean population was killed; during the Indian Wars in North America in the 1760s Britishcolonial commanders planned to supply Indians with the smallpox infected hospital blankets; during the First World War Germans were alleged in attempt to spread cholera bacilli in Italy; Japanese were first who carried out a biological warfare when they dropped
What is Bioterrorism. Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).http://www.bt.cdc.gov/bioterrorism/overview.asp
Biological Terrorism. Scientific Encyclopedia. Technology and Society.http://science.jrank.org/pages/63316/biological-terrorism.html
History of Bioterrorism.http://www.bio-terry.com/HistoryBioTerr.html