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Published by: IAEAInformation on Apr 15, 2011
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Concerns over energy resource availability, energy security and climate change suggest an impor-tant role for nuclear power in supplying sustainable energy in the 21st century. The InternationalProject on Innovative Nuclear Reactors and Fuel Cycles (INPRO) was initiated in 2000 by a resolu-tion of the IAEA General Conference to help ensure that nuclear energy is available to contributeto meeting global energy needs of the 21st century in a sustainable manner. It is a mechanism forIAEA Member States that have joined the project as INPRO members to collaborate on topics of jointinterest. By 2010, INPRO membership had grown to 30 countries and the European Commission. Theresults of INPRO's activities, however, are made available to all IAEA Member States. 
Joining Forces
 To achieve its objectives, INPRO brings together nuclear technology holders and users to jointlyconsider international and national actions that would result in desired innovations in nuclearreactors, fuel cycles or institutional approaches.INPRO plays an important role in understanding:
Discussing and Cooperating
INPRO provides a forum for discussion and cooperation for experts and policy makers from industrializedand developing countries on sustainable nuclear energy planning, development and deployment.INPRO promotes a mutually beneficial dialogue between countries with nuclear technology and countriesconsidering these technologies to develop new nuclear energy capacity.INPRO supports national strategic and long range planning and decision making, and an awareness of technology innovation options for the future. All INPRO activities are undertaken in close cooperationwith Member States.
Making Things Work 
INPRO is a membership based project, led by a Steering Committee in which all INPRO members arerepresented. The INPRO Group in the IAEA Department of Nuclear Energy coordinates activities with andin Member States that have joined the project. INPRO is funded mainly by extra-budgetary resources.INPRO has been strongly supported by the IAEA General Conference, which each year requests a reportabout the status of the project and results achieved and, at the same time, invites IAEA Member States tocontribute to INPRO in the form of financial support, human resources and expertise through participationin INPRO studies and projects.
International Project onInnovative Nuclear Reactors and Fuel Cycles
SuStainable nuclear energy for the 21s century
International Project onInnovative Nuclear Reactorsand Fuel Cycles
INPROProgramme Areas
INPRO’s activities are organized and imple-mented in several main programme areas.Eleven ongoing collaborative projectssupport these activities with the activeparticipation of INPRO members.
Long Range Strategies forNuclear Energy Systems Usingthe INPRO Methodology
 The IAEA supports Member States intheir long range and strategic planningand decision making on nuclear powerprogrammes through the application of the INPRO methodology. This methodol-ogy is an internationally validated tool forassessing a nuclear energy system for itslong range sustainability in all key areas,from economics to proliferation resistanceto the environment.It can either be applied in a nuclear energysystem assessment (NESA) or to build awarenessof nuclear ‘newcomers’. NESAs are supportedby the IAEA as an integral part of nationalnuclear power planning, along withIAEA energy system planningmodels and the IAEA ‘milestones’approach.
Collaborative Projects
Pathway Analysis (PRADA)
Nuclear Energy Systems under Normal Operation(ENV)
Global Vision,Scenarios and Pathways toSustainable Nuclear Development
By formulating scenarios and harmonizingvisions for long term global nuclear developmentand deployment, INPRO helps newcomers and‘mature’ nuclear countries alike to understand thepotential of technical innovations as well as newinstitutional and legal approaches for developingand building a sustainable nuclear ‘architecture’in the 21st century, including possible transitionscenarios.
Collaborative Projects
based on Thermal and Fast Reactors includingClosed Fuel Cycles (GAINS)
Integration of Technologies (FINITE)
Material Insufficiency during the21st Century (RMI)
Innovations in Nuclear Technologyand in Institutional Arrangements
Fostering collaboration among INPRO memberson selected innovative nuclear technologies andrelated R&D, which contribute to sustainablenuclear energy, is a key activity in this area.Institutional arrangements are also part of thenuclear energy system, including agreements,treaties, legal frameworks or regimes, and conven-tions. Deploying new reactor designs may requireinnovative approaches to institutional measures,in particular for non-stationary, small andmedium-sized reactors. INPRO fosters collaborationin this area and supports countries in developingand implementing innovative arrangements.
Collaborative Projects
to the Removal of Heat by Liquid Metal and MoltenSalt Coolants from Reactor Cores Operating at High Temperatures (COOL)
Cooled Reactors (DHR)
Provisions (PGAP)
in Small Grid Countries (SMALL)
INPRO Dialogue Forum onNuclear Energy Innovations
 This cross-cutting area aims at fostering informa-tion exchange between nuclear technologyholders and technology users to ensure that futuretechnical and institutional innovations meet theexpectations of both. The forum also addressesnational long term nuclear planning and theglobal nuclear energy system.
I  N O 
I   n t   en a  t  i    on a l    o j    e c  t   onI   nn ov a  t  i   v e u c l    e a  e a  c  t   o s  a n d  u el    C   y  c l    e s 
f m m:
Membershipin INPRO
Since its establishment, membership in INPRO hasgrown to 31 members, representing 75 percent of the world’s GDP and 65 percent of the worldpopulation. Several other countries have observerstatus as they consider membership or areparticipating on a working level.
Benefits of INPRO Membership
Developing and developed countries with nuclearenergy programmes or those considering buildingnuclear power plants will benefit from internationalcooperation facilitated by INPRO. They will be able to use the tools, models, publica-tions and expertise offered through the project insupport of sustainable nuclear energy deploy-ment and technology innovations, participate inthe dialogue between technology holders andusers, and take advantage of the results andfindings of INPRO studies.INPRO members also have the right to nominate arepresentative to the INPRO Steering Committee,thus being able to influence the planning of activ-ities and bringing their own expertise to theproject.
How to Become an INPRO Member
IAEA Member States and recognized internationalorganizations can take advantage of these benefitsby joining INPRO as members.In the first step, a letter is to be sent to the IAEA andaddressed to the INPRO Project Manager, announc-ing the wish of a Member State or organization to join INPRO as a member or as an observer. The INPRO Manager will respond to this request,offering the following possible modes of participation:
When agreement is reached on the mode of participation, the Member State will be officiallyrecognized as a member of INPRO.Observers are not required to provide major con-tributions to INPRO. However, they are invited tofinance their attendance at INPRO meetings bytheir own means.
inPro Mms 2001–2010
    N   u   m    b   e   r   o    f    C   o   u   n   t   r    i   e   s

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