Introduction of doppler effect:
Due to the relative motion between the source and the observer there is a change infrequency of wave motion. This is known as doppler effect. The doppler effect is also termedas doppler shift. We can understand the doppler effect by two methods. Either by observingthe sound wave or by light wave.
Doppler Effect in Light:
Doppler effect in light:
The light has a very high speed for atomic sources having high velocities. The lightcoming from the atomic sources has a shift in its wavelength. This effect is observed asdoppler effect.
Red shift in doppler effect:
When a light source emits a light at a particular frequency and if the source is travellingaway from us. Then we can see the wavelength is to be longer. The color of the light isshifted to the direction of red end of the spectrum which is known as red shift.
Applications of Doppler Effect in Light:
Doppler effect is used in traffic control. Its can detect the vehicles crossing the speedlimit. The name of the instrument used for traffic control authorities is radar gun.
It used the radio waves. The radio waves are passing along the direction of the speeding vehicle and the reflected frequency is taken. By finding the difference betweenthe frequencies the police can find out the speed of the vehicle.
Doppler effect of light is useful to track the artificial satellites.
The main application of doppler effect in light is in astrophysics. That is it is usefulfor learning the stars, galaxies.
Doppler effect in light has an application of finding the speed of stars, galaxies andalso it is for finding the rotation of sun¶s disc.
The spectra of galaxies shows that the lines of galaxies are red shifted. It is becausethe wavelength is shifted to the direction red color end of the spectrum. The rate of shift is based on the velocity of the source.