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Table Of Contents

1. Divisibility
2. Least common multiple
3. Greatest common divisor
4. Relatively prime numbers
6. Fundamental theorem of arithmetic
8. Rules for calculating the greatest c..ommon divisor of two numbers
9. Representation of rationals as simple continued fractions
10. Linear form of the greatest common divisor
11. Indeterminate equations of m variables and degree 1
12. Chinese Remainder Theorem
13. Thue's Theorem
14. Square-free numbers
1. Diophantine equations of arbitrary degree and one unknown
2. Problems concerning Diophantine equations of two or more unknowns
5. Pythagorean triangles of the same area
6. On squares whose sum and difference are squares
8. On three squares for which the sum of any two is a square
9. Congruent numbers
11. The equation xy = zt
16. Triangular numbers
19. On some exponential equations and others
1. Tbe primes. Factorization of a natural number m into primes
2. The Eratosthenes sieve. Tables of prime numbers
3.The differences between consecutive prime numbers
4. Goldbach's conjecture
5. Arithmetical progressions whose terms are prime numbers
6. Primes in a given arithmetical progression
8. The Conjecture H
10. Proof of Bertrand's Postulate (Theorem of Tchebycheff)
11. Theorem of H. F. Scherk
12. Theorem of H.-E. Richert
13. A conjecture on prime numbers
14. Inequalities for the function tt (x)
15. The prime number theorem and its consequences
1. Number of divisors
2. Sums d(I)+d(2)+ ... +d(l1)
3. Numbers d(n) as coefficients of expansions
4. Sum of divisors
5. Perfect numbers
6. Amicable numbers
8. The numbers a (n) as coefficients of various expansions
10. The Mobius function
11. The Liouville function A(n)
1. Congruences and their simplest properties
2. Roots of congruences. Complete set of residues
3. Roots of polynomials and roots of congruences
4. Congruences of the first degree
5. Wilson's theorem and the simple theorem of Fermat
6. Numeri idonei
7. Pseudoprime and absolutely pseudoprime numbers
8. Lagrange's theorem
9. Congruences of the second degree
1. Euler's totient function
2. Properties of Euler's totient function
3. The theorem of Euler
6. Proof of the existence of the primitive root of a prime number
7. An nth power residue for a prime modulus p
8. Indices, their properties and applications
1. Representation 'of natural numbers by decimals in a given scale
2. Representations of numbers by decimals in negative scales
3. Infinite fractions in a given scale
4. Representations of rational numbers by decimals
5. Normal numbers and absolutely normal numbers
6. Decimals in the varying scale
1. Continued fractions and their convergents
4. Continued fractions of quadratic irrationals
6. Continued fractions other than simple continued fractions
1. Legendre's symbol ( ~) and its properties
4. Jacobi's symbol and its properties
5. Eisenstein's rule
1. Some properties of Mersenne numbers
2. Theorem of E. Lucas and D. H. Lehmer
3. How the greatest of the known prime numbers have been found
4. Prime divisors of Fermat numbers
5. A necessary and sufficient condition for a Fermat number to bea prime
1. Sums of two squares
2. The average number of representations as sums of two squares
3. Sums of two squares of natural numbers
4. Sums of three squares
5. Representation by four squares
6. The sums of the squares of four natural numbers
8. The difference of two squares
9. Sums of two cubes
11. Sums of three cubes
12. Sums of four cubes
13. Equal sums of different cubes
14. Sums of biquadrates
15. Waring's theorem
1. Partitio numerorum
2. Representations as sums of n non-negative summands
3. Magic squares
4. Schur's theorem and its corollaries
1. Complex integers and their norm. Associated integers
2. Euclidean algorithm and the greatest common divisor of complex integers
4. Complex primes
5. The factorization of complex integers into complex prime factors
6. The number of complex integers with a given norm
7. Jacobi's four-square theorem
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Waclaw_Sierpinski_-_Elementary_Theory_of_Numbers

Waclaw_Sierpinski_-_Elementary_Theory_of_Numbers

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Published by: mdrougui on Apr 15, 2011
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