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Turunan Fungsi Aljabar

Turunan Fungsi Aljabar

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Published by kgempo

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Published by: kgempo on Apr 16, 2011
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01/25/2013

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 Turunan Fungsi Aljabar
Contoh :1.Tentukan laju perubahan fungsi f(x)= 16x
2
+ 2x di x = 2 !Jawab :f(x) = 16x
2
+ 2x makaf(x+h)= 16 (x+h)
2
+ 2 (x+h)
 
(x) =
lim
oh
>
h x  f  h x  f  
)()(
+
=
lim
oh
>
{ }
h x xh xh x
)216()(2)(16
22
++++
=
lim
oh
>
hhh xh
21623
2
+
=
lim
oh
>
(32x +16h
2
+ 2)= 32x + 2Maka f 
 
‘ (2) = 32 (2) + 2 = 64 + 2 = 66Jadi,laju perubahan f(x) di x = 2 adalah 662.Carilah turunan pertama fungsi f(x) = x
2
!Jawab :
 
(x) =
lim
oh
>
h xh x
22
)(
+
=
lim
oh
>
h xhhx x
222
2
++
=
lim
oh
>
hhh
2
2
+
=
lim
oh
>
hh xh
)2(
+
=
lim
oh
>
(2x + h) = 2xJadi, turunan pertamanya adalah f 
 
‘ (x) = 2x
' ‘
(x) =
lim
oh
>
 
1.
Menentukan Turunan pertama Fungsi f(x) = x
n
 
(x) =
lim
oh
>
h xh x
nn
+
)(
=
lim
oh
>
h xh xhch xchc x
nnnnnnnn
+++++
11221
........
=
lim
oh
>
(
n
c
1.
x
n-2
h+
n
c
2
.x
n-2
h+
……
+
n
c
n-1
xh
n-2
h
n-1
)=
n
c
1
x
n-1
(semua suku yang mengandung h bernilai nol)=
n
x
n-1
Jadi, turunan pertama f(x) = x
n
adalahJika f 
 
‘ (x) = af (x) buktinya :
 
‘ (x) =
lim
oh
>
h x  f  ah x  f  a
)(.)(.
+
=
lim
oh
>
h x  f  h x  f  a
)()(.
+
=
lim
oh
>
h x  f  h x  f  
)()(
+
f(x) = a.f 
(x) terbuktiJadi turunan pertama fungsi f(x) = ax
n
adalahContoh :Tentukan rumus turunan pertama fungsi berikut jawab:a.
 
‘ (x) = 5.3x
3-1
= 15 x
2
 b.bentuk f(x) = 7 dapat di nyatakan dengan f(x) = 7x
0
sehingga f 
 
‘ (x) = 7.0.x
0-1
= 0Jadi turunan petama adlah untk fungsi konstan adalah nol.
2.Rumus Turunan Pertama Suatu Fungsi
F
1
(x) = an x
n-1
 
‘ (x) = n x
n-1
 
Rumus 1 : Turunan pertamaH(x) = f(x) ± 9 (x)Bukti :Untuk H (x) = f(x) + 9(x) maka :H
1
(x) =
lim
oh
>
[ ] [ ]
h x x  f  h X h x  f  
)(9)()(9)(
++++
=
lim
oh
>
[ ] [ ]
h xh x X   f  h x  f  
)(9)(9)()(
++
=
lim
oh
>
[ ]
h x  f  h x  f  
)()(
+
+
lim
oh
>
[ ]
h xh x
)(9)(9
+
= f’ (x) + 9’ (x)Jadi H
1
(x) = f 
1
(x)+ 9
1
(x) terbuktiContoh:Carilah turunan pertama fungsif(x) = (4x
2
-7x
3
)!Jawab :
 
(x) = 4.2x
2-1
- 7.3x+
3-1
= 8x-21x
2
 Rumus 2: Turunan petama H(x).9(x)Bukti :H
1
(x) =
lim
oh
>
h x x  f  h x  f  
)(9).()(
+
=
lim
oh
>
h x x  f   xh x  f   x  f  h xh x  f  
)(9)()(9)()()(9)(
++++
=
lim
oh
>
++++
h x  f  h x  f    xh xh xh x  f  
)()( ).(9)(9)(9 ).(
=
lim
oh
>
f(x+h).
lim
oh
>
h xh x
)(9)(9
+
+
lim
oh
>
9(x).
lim
oh
>
h x  f  h x  f  
)()(
+
Jadi, H
1
(x) = f(x).9
1
(x) + 9(x) terbuktiContoh:Carilah turunan pertama f(x) = (4x
2
-1)(7x
3
+x)Jawab:
 
‘ (x) = (4x-1)(21x
2
+1) + (7x
2
+x)(8x)= 140x
4
-9x
2
-1Rumus 3 : turunan pertama H(x) =
)(9)(
 x x  f  
 H
1
(x) = f 
 
‘ (x) ± 9
1
(x)H
1
(x) = f(x).9(x)+9(x).f 
1
(x)
 
H
1
(x) =
211
)(9)(9).()().(9
 x x x  f   x  f   x

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