2. RELATED WORK
Location-based social networks let users see where theirfriends are, search location-tagged content within theirsocial graph, and meet nearby friends . Based on locationinformation, Nan Li and Guanling Chen  found fourdifferent types of human moving patterns. Moreover,Foursquare  is a representative Location-based socialnetwork application. Similarly, numerous SNS sites mergetheir property with location such as Facebook 
Place ortwitter . Our work is different because thoseapplications are focusing on people who know each other.On the other hand, WhosHere  finds chatting candidatesbased on users location information. This is similar tohandling strangers who are located in close area, butchatting does not require real meeting. In addition, thesituation is not dynamic in this case. By reviewing currentLocation-based SNS, we
found that it doesn’t address
connections between strangers, so we can consider ourwork as a contribution to this service.Further, Ride sharing and taxi sharing systems have beendeveloped only on web environment  and mobile phoneenvironment . In contrast we these works, we arefocusing more on building a safe environment that willallow strangers to meet and collaborate.
To verify issues on making real group from intention-basedvirtual group, we applied a taxi sharing system. In theonline-taxi-sharing system, users request to share a taxi andfind an online group that has same interest (want to sharetaxi, located at close area, and have same destination). Then,they have to meet in a certain place.To build this system, we have composed 5 interrogationswe want to investigate. Therefore, we conducted two off-line questionnaires to understand user
activity whenmeeting strangers in front of campus cafeteria.The first questionnaire involves Q1 and Q2. It wascompleted by 20 people. All participants are KAISTuniversity students (male: 11, female: 9, average age: 20.9)The second questionnaire includes Q3, Q4, and Q5. Thisquestionnaire was completed by 45 people (male: 27,female: 18, average age: 22.2). Same as the firstquestionnaire; all participants are KAIST students.
Q1: Does it interest you to meet strangers to savemoney or make benefits by sharing an activity withthem?
As in social commerce, gathering friends and making agroup to get discounts is common because people do nothave to meet strangers. However, if they have to make avirtual group, wait for other members, then meet face-to-face, and take a taxi with the group members. Thus, our aimis to know whether people are eager to share a taxi or notwith strangers.To answer this question, we asked
when you take a taxi,imagine there is somebody with whom you can share taxi.Are you going to share the taxi with him or her?
. Theresults show that 90% (18 people) of participants like toshare taxi with strangers. Therefore, we can admit that mostuniversity students want to make groups with strangers if there is an advantage. Though, we cannot be certain thatthis will be generalized to all people because all participantsin this survey are university students. At least, this surveydemonstrates that there are groups who are very motivatedto meet strangers in order to save money. This experiencecan also give them the opportunity to make new friends.Further, half of the participants want to use the taxi-sharingapplication even if only half of battery capacity is left.
Q2: What kind of methods you want to use to make avirtual group who shares the same interest as you bymean of a mobile phone application?
To make real connection from intention-based virtual groupamong strangers, there must be a virtual group at first. Andthere are lots of ways to make a virtual group which has thesame intention or interest when using a mobile phoneapplication. Indeed, the problem is more complicated inmobile devices because people need a simple way to makea group such a touching or pushing a button once.We asked the question
when you enter the destination tomake a taxi sharing group, which method is better for you?
At first, we thought people would like automatic grouprecommendation system. But surprisingly, table 1 showsthat manual insertion is preferred than the automatic way.Actually, predicting user
s next location is not a simple task.Moreover, GPS data is not that accurate to find a specificarea. So, we decided to develop a manually well-definedgraphical interface so that people can use our system just bytouching once.
Q3: How far would you go to make a real group?
For a taxi sharing system, there is a distance limitation thatwe use to make groups because group members shouldmeet in a nearby place. At the same time, people might beready to wait a longer time or walk a longer distance tomeet the other members of the same group if there is morebenefit. So we asked two questions;
Imagine you are goingto take a taxi from KAIST to Dunsan (costs about 5,000
Manually insert the location using map or text 5Use from previous destination database 9Automatically finds the users 6
Table 1: User preference method of making virtual group