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6. Final Tcs Ifms Report Prep on 29 July 2010

6. Final Tcs Ifms Report Prep on 29 July 2010

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Published by Digesh Shah
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Published by: Digesh Shah on Apr 16, 2011
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“INTEGRA
1 |
Page M.S.PATEL INSTITUTE OF MANAGEMENT
 
1.
INTRODUCTION OF INFORMATIONTECHNOLOGY 
Information technology
(
IT
) is "the study, design, development,implementation, support or management of infotech". Informationtechnology is a general term that describes any technology that helps toproduce, manipulate, store, communicate, and/or disseminateinformation. Information refers to data that has been organized and thencommunicated. Information technology is a broad term used to refer toany form of technology used to create, transfer, or store information in allof its various forms (text, images, sound, multimedia files). The term "IT" encompasses the methods and techniques used ininformation handling and retrieval by automatic means. The meansinclude computers, telecommunications and office systems or anycombination of these elements.Information technology, while stirring thoughts and visions of networks,the Internet, server rooms, racks of switches and routers, and advancedterms, the 'technology' doesn't necessarily refer only to computer relatedissues. Any medium that stores and processes information is also in thecategory of information technology. The back-story of information technology precedes the invention of thecomputer. The abacus, used by Asians, Egyptians, Romans, and the Greekcan be termed a source of information technology. Calculators, the firstmechanical one built by German polymath Wilhelm Schickard, or the sliderule, developed in 1622 by William Oughtred, also comes under theheading of information technology. Another example would be punch cardmachines, expanded upon by IBM in the early to mid 1900's, qualifies theterm information technology.
1.1 Pre-History of Information Technology
G. Boole developed a mathematics of true values, logic
Charles Babbage invented a computing machine based onmechanics, e.g. cogwheels
Countess Ada Lovelace programmed Babbage’s invention;
firstprogrammer
Looms were automated in the 18
th
centuryAs time progressed along with the advances of inventions and appliedknowledge, computing took shape and became useful in a variety of ways
2 |
Page M.S.PATEL INSTITUTE OF MANAGEMENT
 
other than calculations. Computer science became an academic specialty,creating computer science departments and classes. As these classestook shape, separate branches of computer science became distinct areasof study. Today, Information Technology departments use computers,data centers, servers, database management system, specializedsoftware applications and more, managed by system and databaseadministrators.
1.2 Advent and Development of Information Technologyin India
 Today India is known world over as a leader in Information Technology. This has not happened over a short period of time. A sustained effort bythe Indian Government, corporate houses, and universities has made thispossible. It all started with a small group of initiators within thegovernment and entrepreneurs outside the government sensing theopportunities in Information Technology. After a certain passage of timethe government came up with full support to change the environment forIT. Thus began a series of steps that transformed IT from being just asector to an Industry. Transformation of Information Technology:
From To
IT as a sector IT as an IndustryProviding satisfactory services toexisting increases in demandAdding value to sustain the growthGovernment controlledinfrastructure and technologyGovernment facilitatedinfrastructure and technologyIT for specialists IT for massesFulfilling external demand Creating internal demand The most important thing that came out from this was the advent of information technology as an industry. In the beginning IT was treated atpar with conventional manufacturing industry, but later on it startedreceiving the necessary support as a non conventional service industry.National Association of Software and Service Companies (NASSCOM) wasestablished in 1988 as the business strategist of InfoTech for the
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Page M.S.PATEL INSTITUTE OF MANAGEMENT

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