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M1_L4_Final

M1_L4_Final

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Published by: Urban EcoLab Curriculum on Apr 16, 2011
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The Place of Cities in Ecosystems Module 1 Lesson 4
1
LESSON
 
4:
 
T
HE
P
LACE OF
C
ITIES IN
E
COSYSTEMS
O
VERVIEW
:
This lesson serves as an introduction to the history and development of cities and howthey developed within the context of ecosystems. In this lesson, students will explore theways that human systems interact with environmental systems.
S
UB
-Q
UESTION
:
 
How do cities impact the ecosystem? How are cities impacted by the ecosystem?
Ways of Knowing Urban Ecology:
Students will…
Understand 
 
Understand the relationships between human and natural systems withreference to services, impacts, and limits
(human impact, ecosystem services, ecosystem state and structure)
.
 
Recognize the historical aspects and patterns of urbanization
(ecosystem change, human impact, ecosystem state and structure)
.
Talk 
 
Discuss reasons for living in urban areas.
 Do
 No specific goals connected with doing urban ecology in this lesson.
 
 Act 
 No specific goals connected with acting on urban ecology in thislesson.
 
P
REPARATION
:
 
Time:
 1 class period
Materials:Activity 4.1
 
 
Chalk or white board
Activity 4.2
 
 
Computer and projector 
 
PowerPoint on Urban Growth
Activity 4.3
 
 
Student worksheets
 
Computer and projector (optional)
 
Chalk or white board
I
NSTRUCTIONAL
S
EQUENCE
 
Activity 4.1: Thinking About the History of Cities
 
The Place of Cities in Ecosystems Module 1 Lesson 4
21.
 
In preparation for the lesson, write the following terms on the board: EcosystemServices, Human Impacts, and Limits.2.
 
Tell your students they will be thinking about the place of cities in ecosystems.3.
 
Ask your students to do a free-association brainstorm for each term. That is, ask your students to give you words, concepts, synonyms, or ideas that they think of when they think of each term. Right now, what they provide does not necessarilyhave to deal with the scientific or environmental aspects of the terms. For example, it is fine to think of things like banks, utility companies, hotels, the citygovernment, or even religious institutions that provide services (or where servicesare held).
Activity 4.2:
1.
 
Begin the power point on Urban Growth. This presentation will introducestudents to the concept of studying the urban environment from a scientific perspective. A teacher version of the PowerPoint is included with potentialquestions and key ideas for the slides.
o
 
As you are sharing these slides with the students, try to elicit their ideasabout urban growth. These are concepts we will revisit multiple timesover the course of the year.
Activity 4.3:
1.
 
Project the image of the United States at Night (found in the student worksheet).Ask the students to identify patterns that they see.
o
 
Some possible responses include: empty areas, populated areas near water,coast lines, deserts, and mountains.2.
 
Students should then complete the lesson 4.3 worksheet answering the analysisquestions.
Concluding the Lesson:
1.
 
Lead a discussion reflecting on the question: Why do people live in cities?(opposed to why do you live in a city?). Reinforce the ideas of ecosystemservices, human impacts, and ecological limits in your discussion.
 
The Place of Cities in Ecosystems Module 1 Lesson 4
Name_________________________________________Class_______________________ Lesson 4.3: Why do we live where we do?
Directions: Using the satellite image of the Unites States at Night, and a road map or atlas answer thefollowing questions.1.
 
Using the satellite image and a road atlas identify and label the ten areas with high densities of lights(and therefore, high populations) in the United States.1.
 
 ___________________________________ 2.
 
 ___________________________________ 3.
 
 ___________________________________ 4.
 
 ___________________________________ 5.
 
 ___________________________________ 6.
 
 ___________________________________ 7.
 
 ___________________________________ 8.
 
 ___________________________________ 9.
 
 ___________________________________ 10.
 
 ___________________________________ 2.
 
Locate and label where you live. Is it in an area of light or darkness?3.
 
Locate a few of the areas with no lights. Why do you think that there are no people there? Makesure to use the terms “ecosystem services” and “limits” in your response.4.
 
Consider some of the factors which are important in determining where people live: elevation (seethe topographical map), climate, access to water, access to jobs, history and politics, or other factors.How do these factors relate to ecosystem services and ecological limits? What roles do therelationships between these factors and ecosystem services and ecological limits play in determiningwhere cities are built?

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