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Chapter 6 - Solutions Manual - Thermal Physics (Kittel)

# Chapter 6 - Solutions Manual - Thermal Physics (Kittel)

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Solutions Manual for Thermal Physics (Kittel). Need free homework help and more solutions? Join Cramster.com for free! http://bit.ly/hN98pb
Solutions Manual for Thermal Physics (Kittel). Need free homework help and more solutions? Join Cramster.com for free! http://bit.ly/hN98pb

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10/29/2013

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CHAPTER66.1)DERIVATIVEOFFERMI-DIRACFUNCTIONf(e)
=
{exp[(e-fJ)/"[]+1}-1(af/ae)
=
-{exp[-fJ)/"[]+1}-2exp[-fJ)/"[](l/"[);fJ,"[when£
=
fJ,thenexp[-fJ)/"[]
=
1,-(af/ae)
=
1/4"[fJ,"[6.2)SYMMETRYOFFILLEDANDVACANTORBITALSf(fJ-o)
11
exp(o/L)exp(o/"[)+lxp[(fJ-o-fJ)/"[]+l
1
exp(-o/"[)+lexp(o~"[)+l
=
1-f(fJ-o)Here1-f(fJ-o)istheprobabilitythatanorbitalat£
=
fJ-o,anenergy
0
0
12Energy
0
t:
2£
J'DO
1+Ae-£/"[+A2e-2£/"[<N>DO1
0
+Ae-£/"[+211.e-2e/L]
:J
(b)Occupancy:
0,0
0,11,0
1,1Energy
o
1
+
2Ae-£/"[
+
<N>
o
+
+
211.e-2£/"[].
-55-
[6.1]

Thelastlinemaybewritten
<N>
2
exp
[(E-jJ
)/T]+1TheGibbssumissquareofasingle-orbitalGibbssum,asonewouldexpectfortwoindependentsingle-orbitalsys-tems.SeeProblem3.9forcomparison.TheoccupancyisjusttwicetheFermi-Diracdistributionfunction.6.4)ENERGYOFGASOFEXTREMERELATIVISTICPARTICLES
E
=
pc
=
(2n~/A)c
=
(n~c/L)n.Herewefirstusedp
=
2n~/AandthenL
=
nA/2,whereListhesizeofacubeofvolumeV
=
L3assumedtocontaintheparticle.Theparti-tionfunctionforoneparticleisconvertedtoanintegralasforphotons;see(4.17):
z
~exp[-(n~c/TL)n]
co
(n/2)/
exp[-(n~c/TL)n]n2dn
o
co
3/
-x
(n/2)(TL/n~c)e
o
constant
x
T3wherex
U
20
ToTlogZ3T,perparticle.6.5)INTEGRATIONOFTHERMODYNAMICIDENTITYFORANIDEALGASFromU
=
3NT/2:(OU/OT)V
=
3N/2
=
Cv,(oU/oV)T
=
0Iftheseandp
=
nT/Vareinsertedinto(75):daCvdT/T
+
NdV/V
=
Cvd(logT)
+
Nd(logV)
a
=
CvlogT
+
NlogV
+
constant.
(76)
[6.3]
-56-

6.6)ENTROPYOFMIXINGForasinglegasofNatomswiththeconcentrationn
=
N/V,from(34):
°
=
N[log(nQ/n)
+
=
gAgBisthenumberofstatesaccessibletothetwo-gassystem,andthetwo-gasentropyisthesumoftheone-gasentropies:
°
=
°A
+
°B'
Thisistruebothbeforeandafterdiffusivecontact.Beforecontact,eachofthetwoconcentrationsisn
=
ni
NjV,
hencewherenQAandnQBwilldiffusiveequilibrium,ingeneralbedifferent.AfterthereforeOfN[log(nQA/nf)
+
10g(nQB/nf)
+
5]N[10g(2nQA/ni)
+
10g(2nQB/ni)
+
5]0i
+