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# Teacher2

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Teacher notes for more challenging activities studying angles in circles using The Geometer's Sketchpad
Teacher notes for more challenging activities studying angles in circles using The Geometer's Sketchpad

Published by: aastewart on Aug 30, 2008

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06/15/2009

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Computer Support for Teaching MathematicsCIRCLES IN GEOMETRY
This set of activities is designed to support basic Geometry – in particular the properties andbehaviour of angles in circles. It contains SEVEN (7) activities which are more complex innature and more suitable for more able students.Set 1 contains SIX (6) activities which are relatively straightforward.These tasks are designed to provide dynamic support to the teaching of these importantgeometric concepts. Students are required to complete a number of constructions, and thencomplete a series of measurements of key features of these constructions. Because theconstruction can be altered, and the properties remain unaltered, this is a powerful way of convincing students that the key properties hold under virtually all circumstances.We are taking advantage of a feature of Sketchpad that is similar to Excel spreadsheets – thecombining of a number of pages within a single workbook. The first activity that students mustcomplete is the setting of the workbook with a large number of pages. Individual tasks, or partsof tasks, are then completed on each page.
SETTING UP A GEOMETER’S SKETCHPAD WORKBOOK
1.Click on The Geometer’s Sketchpad icon in the dock to start the program.2.On the FILE Menu, select SAVE. Name it (initial)(surname)(form).3.On the FILE Menu, select DOCUMENT OPTIONS. In the window that opens, enter “T1” forthe PAGE NAME and click on the SHOW PAGE TABS button.4.Click on the ADD PAGE bar, and select BLANK PAGE. Name this new page T2. (Note thatyou can now see tabs for T1A and T2 at the bottom of the worksheet.)5.Repeat step 4. to add pages labeled T3, T4, T5 and T6 in that order to your workbook.6.Now click OK.7.On the FILE Menu, select SAVE to save your workbook.

Computer Support for Teaching MathematicsCIRCLES IN GEOMETRY
SUGGESTED SOLUTIONSTasks 1, 2, 3, 4, 6 and 7 can be assessed on the work presented on the Answer Sheet.Task 5 will need to be assessed electronically by examining and testing the completedconstruction. This could be done in class (if time permits).REMIND STUDENTS TO SAVE FREQUENTLY DURING THE CLASS ACTIVITIES.TASK 1ANGLES AT THE CIRCUMFERENCE STANDING ON THE SAME ARC
The classic “butterfly” construction figure is a straightforward task to start with.Answers :a)Students will have different values.
APB =
AQB =
AQBb)Move A or B, and the measured angle values changeMove P or Q or R, and the measured values do NOT change
TASK 2ANGLES AT THE CIRCUMFERENCE AND AT THE CENTRE STANDING ON THESAME ARC
Another straightforward construction, but there are several complications :(a)the angle at the centre can only be measured up to 180˚ – beyond that theprogram then measures the angle on the other side.(b)depending on the precision of measurement selected, the relationship betweenthe two angles may not always be exactly two (2). This is due to rounding off errors within the program.Answers :a)Students will have different values.b)
AOB = 2
×

APBc)Move A or B, and the measured angle values changeMove P, and the measured values do NOT changed)Both angles have obtuse values. (the program cannot measure reflex angles)360˚ –
AOB = 2
×

APB
TASK 3ANGLES IN A SEMICIRCLE
This task carries through this concept quite powerfully.Answers :a)
APB =
AQB = 90˚(RIGHT angles)c)The values do NOT changed)Angles subtended at the circumference by the diameter are right angles.

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