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Anatomy of a Financial Collapse

Anatomy of a Financial Collapse

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Published by mapsinger
La historia de la crisis financiera contada por quienes la hicieron
La historia de la crisis financiera contada por quienes la hicieron

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Published by: mapsinger on Apr 17, 2011
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06/03/2012

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United States Senate
 PERMANENT SUBCOMMITTEE ON INVESTIGATIONS 
Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs
Carl Levin, ChairmanTom Coburn, Ranking Minority Member 
WALL STREET ANDTHE FINANCIAL CRISIS:Anatomy of a Financial Collapse
MAJORITY AND MINORITYSTAFF REPORT
PERMANENT SUBCOMMITTEEON INVESTIGATIONSUNITED STATES SENATE
April 13, 2011
 
SENATOR CARL LEVINChairmanSENATOR TOM COBURN, M.D.Ranking Minority MemberPERMANENT SUBCOMMITTEE ON INVESTIGATIONS
ELISE J. BEAN
Staff Director and Chief Counsel
ROBERT L. ROACH
Counsel and Chief Investigator 
LAURA E. STUBER 
Counsel
ZACHARY I. SCHRAM
Counsel
DANIEL J. GOSHORN
Counsel
DAVID H. KATZ
Counsel
ALLISON F. MURPHY
Counsel
ADAM C. HENDERSON
Professional Staff Member 
 PAULINE E. CALANDE
SEC Detailee
MICHAEL J. MARTINEAU
DOJ Detailee
CHRISTOPHER J. BARKLEY
Staff Director to the Minority
ANTHONY G. COTTO
Counsel to the Minority
KEITH B. ASHDOWN
Chief Investigator to the Minority
JUSTIN J. ROOD
Senior Investigator to the Minority
VANESSA CAREIRO
Law Clerk 
BRITTANY CLEMENT
Law Clerk 
DAVID DeBARROS
Law Clerk 
ERIN HELLING
Law Clerk 
HELENA MAN
Law Clerk 
JOSHUA NIMMO
Intern
ROBERT PECKERMAN
Intern
TANVI ZAVERI
Law Clerk 
MARY D. ROBERTSON
Chief Clerk 
 Permanent Subcommittee on Investigations
199 Russell Senate Office Building – Washington, D.C. 20510Main Number: 202/224-9505Web Address: www.hsgac.senate.gov [Follow Link to “
Subcommittees
,” to “
 Investigations
”]
 
Wall Street and The Financial Crisis:Anatomy of a Financial Collapse
April 13, 2011
 
In the fall of 2008, America suffered a devastating economic collapse. Once valuablesecurities lost most or all of their value, debt markets froze, stock markets plunged, and storiedfinancial firms went under. Millions of Americans lost their jobs; millions of families lost theirhomes; and good businesses shut down. These events cast the United States into an economicrecession so deep that the country has yet to fully recover.This Report is the product of a two-year, bipartisan investigation by the U.S. SenatePermanent Subcommittee on Investigations into the origins of the 2008 financial crisis. Thegoals of this investigation were to construct a public record of the facts in order to deepen theunderstanding of what happened; identify some of the root causes of the crisis; and provide afactual foundation for the ongoing effort to fortify the country against the recurrence of a similarcrisis in the future.Using internal documents, communications, and interviews, the Report attempts toprovide the clearest picture yet of what took place inside the walls of some of the financialinstitutions and regulatory agencies that contributed to the crisis. The investigation found thatthe crisis was not a natural disaster, but the result of high risk, complex financial products;undisclosed conflicts of interest; and the failure of regulators, the credit rating agencies, and themarket itself to rein in the excesses of Wall Street.While this Report does not attempt to examine every key moment, or analyze everyimportant cause of the crisis, it provides new, detailed, and compelling evidence of whathappened. In so doing, we hope the Report leads to solutions that prevent it from happeningagain.
I. EXECUTIVE SUMMARYA. Subcommittee Investigation
In November 2008, the Permanent Subcommittee on Investigations initiated itsinvestigation into some of the key causes of the financial crisis. Since then, the Subcommitteehas engaged in a wide-ranging inquiry, issuing subpoenas, conducting over 150 interviews anddepositions, and consulting with dozens of government, academic, and private sector experts.The Subcommittee has accumulated and reviewed tens of millions of pages of documents,including court pleadings, filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission, trustee reports,prospectuses for public and private offerings, corporate board and committee minutes, mortgagetransactions and analyses, memoranda, marketing materials, correspondence, and email. TheSubcommittee has also reviewed documents prepared by or sent to or from banking and

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