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kinds of text

kinds of text

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Published by: Wiwik Litanies on Apr 17, 2011
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12/25/2012

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Based on generic structure and language feature dominantly used, texts are divided intoseveral types. They are narrative, recount, descriptive, report, explanation, analyticalexposition, hortatory exposition, procedure, discussion, review, anecdote, spoof, andnews item. These variations are known as GENRES.
NARRATIVE
Purpose: To amuse/entertain the readers and to tell a storyGeneric Structure:1. Orientation2. Complication3. Resolution4. ReorientationDominant Language Features:1. Using Past Tense2. Using action verb3. Chronologically arranged
RECOUNT
Purpose: to retell something that happened in the past and to tell a series of past eventGeneric Structure:1. Orientation2. Event(s)3. ReorientationDominant Language Features:1. Using Past Tense2. Using action verb3. Using adjectives Narrative and recount in some ways are similar. Both are telling something in the past sonarrative and recount usually apply PAST TENSE; whether Simple Past Tense, SimplePast Continuous Tense, or Past Perfect Tense. The ways narrative and recount told are inchronological order using time or place. Commonly narrative text is found in story book;myth, fable, folklore, etc while recount text is found in biography.The thing that makes narrative and recount different is the structure in which they areconstructed. Narrative uses conflicts among the participants whether natural conflict,social conflict or psychological conflict. In some ways narrative text combines all theseconflicts. In the contrary, we do not find these conflicts inside recount text. Recountapplies series of event as the basic structure
DESCRIPTIVE
Purpose: to describe a particular person, place or thing in detail.Dominant Generic Structure:1. Identification2. DescriptionLanguage Features:1. Using Simple Present Tense2. Using action verb
 
3. Using adverb4. Using special technical terms
REPORT
Purpose: to presents information about something, as it is.Generic Structure1. General classification2. DescriptionDominant Language Feature1. Introducing group or general aspect2. Using conditional logical connection3. Using Simple Present Tense
EXPLANATION
Purpose: To explain the processes involved in the formation or working of natural or socio-cultural phenomena.Generic Structure:1. General statement2. Explanation3. ClosingDominant Language Features:1. Using Simple Present Tense2. Using action verbs3. Using passive voice4. Using noun phrase5. Using adverbial phrase6. Using technical terms7. Using general and abstract noun8. Using conjunction of time and cause-effect.
ANALYTICAL EXPOSITION
Purpose: To reveal the readers that something is the important caseGeneric Structure:1. Thesis2. Arguments3. Reiteration/ConclusionDominant Language Features:1. Using modals2. Using action verbs3. Using thinking verbs4. Using adverbs5. Using adjective6. Using technical terms7. Using general and abstract noun8. Using connectives/transition
 
HORTATORY EXPOSITION
Purpose: to persuade the readers that something should or should not be the case or bedoneGeneric Structure:1. Thesis2. Arguments3. RecommendationDominant Language features:1. Using Simple Present Tense2. Using modals3. Using action verbs4. Using thinking verbs5. Using adverbs6. Using adjective7. Using technical terms8. Using general and abstract noun9. Using connectives/transitionThen what is the basic difference between analytical and hortatory exposition. In simpleword. Analytical is the answer of "How is/will" while hortatory is the answer of "Howshould". Analytical exposition will be best to describe "How will student do for hisexamination? The point is the important thing to do. But for the question" How shouldstudent do for his exam?" will be good to be answered with hortatory. It is to convincethat the thing should be done
PROCEDURE
Purpose: to help readers how to do or make something completelyGeneric Structure:1. Goal/Aim2. Materials/Equipments3. Steps/MethodsDominant Language Features:1. Using Simple Present Tense2. Using Imperatives sentence3. Using adverb4. Using technical terms
DISCUSSION
Purpose: to present information and opinions about issues in more one side of an issue(‘For/Pros’ and ‘Against/Cons’)Generic Structure:1. Issue2. Arguments for and against3. ConclusionDominant Language Features:1. Using Simple Present Tense

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