On that day his feet shall stand on the Mount of Olives which liesbefore Jerusalem on the east; and the Mount of Olives shall besplit in two from east to west by a very wide valley; so that onehalf of the Mount shall withdraw northward, and the other half southward.
Andthevalleyofmymountainsshallbestoppedup,for the valley of the mountains shall touch the side of it; and youshall ﬂee as you ﬂed from the earthquake in the days of Uzzi’ahking of Judah. Then the L
your God will come, and all theholy ones with him. (RSV)Josephus in Ant. 20:162-72 tells of a man who said that he could destroyJerusalem’s walls while he was at the Mount of Olives.
ﬁnd a donkey tied, and a colt with her; untie them and bring themto me.
– Zechariah 9:9 reads, “Rejoice greatly, O daughter of Zion! Shoutaloud, O daughter of Jerusalem! Lo, your king comes to you; triumphantand victorious is he, humble and riding on an ass, on a colt the foal of an ass. (RSV)” It seems that the author of Matthew took this literally anddoubled the animals.
The world for colt
could mean young horsebut in the light of Zechariah 9:9, it must be read as a young donkey.
We areto understand this direct reference to Zechariah as an indication that Jesusfulﬁlled this prophecy.
–WedonotknowifJesushadmadearrange-ments to borrow the animals.
The use of
(Lord) would indicate tothe church that God needed the animals.
This took place to fulﬁll
– The author of Matthew explicitly tellsthe listeners what is happening.
spoken through the prophet
– There will be two (Isaiah and Zechariah)prophets not one.Matthew 21:5
Tell the daughter of Zion
– This is from Isaiah 62:11 (“Behold,the LORD has proclaimed to the end of the earth: Say to the daughter of