In the course of researching and writing this manuscript, theauthor has had help from a number of people. In particular, Dr.Steven Metz was a source of constant help, encouragement, andadvice. Working in the Strategic Studies Institute (SSI) under thedirector, Professor Douglas Lovelace, has been a delightful andhighly congenial experience, and I am grateful for his unfailingsupport and encouragement. Several other colleagues were veryhelpful in the preparation of this monograph. Dr. Alex Crowtherwas particularly generous with his time and provided invaluableinsights into kidnapping in Iraq, while Dr. W. Andrew Terrilland Dr. Sharifa Zuhur answered many questions about politicaldevelopments in Iraq and the roles played by a wide variety ofactors. Mr. Nathan Freier, Dr. Max Manwaring, Dr. Douglas Johnson, Dr. Robin Dorff, Dr. Stephen Blank, Dr. Dallas Owens,Dr. Antulio Echevarria, Colonel Trey Braun, and Colonel Louis Jordan were unfailingly stimulating and encouraging.The author is also grateful to several people outside SSI,especially Dr. Paul Kan of the Department of National Security andStrategy at the U.S. Army War College, and Dr. Lawrence Cline,both of whom read the manuscript and offered many incisivecomments and suggestions. Mr. Marc Hess provided invaluablecomments on the law enforcement efforts in Iraq and the difcultiesof combining law enforcement and military intelligence. He wasalso of great assistance in framing the oil smuggling issue. Inaddition, Dr. William Rosenau and Mr. Austin Long at the RANDCorporation provided helpful comments and advice as well asconstant encouragement. The author was helped by several formerstudents from the Graduate School of Public and InternationalAffairs at the University of Pittsburgh who provided invaluableinsights. Mr. Daniel Malik of the Department of Treasury offeredcandid and constructive comments on insurgency and terroristnances. During a presentation on organized crime in Iraq at theMatthew B. Ridgway Center, University of Pittsburgh, ProfessorsDonald Goldstein, Dennis Gormley and Michael Brenner offeredconstructive comments. In addition, Mr. James Cockayne and Dr.Adam Lupel of the International Peace Institute offered helpfulsuggestions on an earlier iteration of the analysis.
Comments pertaining to this report are invited and should be