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Jim Crow Law Paper

Jim Crow Law Paper

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Published by: Sesshoumaru's Priestess on Apr 17, 2011
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04/17/2011

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 Jim Crow Law Paper 
 
Th
e Jim Crow laws first emerged in 1876.
Th
ey emerged due to t
h
e fact t
h
at w
h
ites didnot want to let blacks or any ot
h
er race
h
ave equal rig
h
ts. African Americans weremoving into sout
h
ern cities and competing wit
h
poor w
h
ites for jobs.
Th
ey wis
h
ed topreserve t
h
e economical and social superiority t
h
at w
h
ites enjoyed.
Th
erefore, t
h
eymade laws t
h
at segregated blacks under a ³separate but equal´ illusion.
Th
e ways t
h
atblacks were affected by t
h
ese laws were t
h
at t
h
ey lost t
h
e rig
h
ts to enjoy and usefacilities t
h
ey
h
ad previous access to. Blacks
h
ad to use different entrances, water fountains, sc
h
ools and sit at t
h
e backs of buses and trains. Blacks also lost t
h
eir rig
h
t tovote under t
h
e so called ³Grandfat
h
er Clause´ w
h
ic
h
was used to keep blacks fromvoting. It stated t
h
at on order to vote, your grandfat
h
er 
h
ad to
h
ave voted.
Th
at was notpossible seeing as many blacks
h
ad grandparents w
h
o were slaves and so unable tovote.
Th
ere was also a test t
h
at was used to keep blacks from voting called a literacytest. Most blacks were not able to read and so could not vote.
Th
e absence of t
h
ese rig
h
ts affected black life in many ways. Blacks were treatedpoorly and t
h
e ³separate but equal´ law was anyt
h
ing but equal.
Th
e differencesbetween black and w
h
ite facilities were very noticeable.
Th
e difference between sc
h
oolsfor blacks and w
h
ites were s
h
own by t
h
e funding t
h
at t
h
ey received. W
h
ite sc
h
oolsreceived t
h
ree times more money per c
h
ild t
h
an black sc
h
ools and black sc
h
ools wouldonly receive t
h
e outdated
h
and me down materials from w
h
ite sc
h
ools. Economiccompetitions between t
h
e races were now cut off and blacks were once again secondclass citizens. Blacks were often convicted of t
h
e same crimes but dealt wit
h
muc
h
 more
h
ars
h
ly t
h
an t
h
eir w
h
ite counterparts.
Th
ere was a law against t
h
e mixing of t
h
e
 
races (interracial marriage). Many blacks t
h
at attempted to makes c
h
anges weret
h
reatened, beaten and lync
h
ed.
Th
e works of Ida.B.Wells against Jim Crow were enacted after s
h
e was forcibly ejectedfrom
h
er seat for not moving to a colored car.
Th
is caused
h
er to sue t
h
e railroad calledC
h
esapeake and O
h
io for violating
h
er civil rig
h
ts but was later rejected. S
h
e took up journalism and was most known for 
h
er outspoken editorials on t
h
e lync
h
ing of t
h
reeblack businessmen of prominence. S
h
e became a soug
h
t after lecturer and writer t
h
atspoke about anti-lync
h
ing activities.Booker.
T
.Wa
h
ington was t
h
e founder be
h
ind t
h
e
T
uskegee Institute and
h
e secretlyfunded anti-segregation activities. He
h
elped blacks rise up from economic slavery by
h
elping t
h
em get a quality education, financial power and t
h
e proper understanding of 
h
ow to use t
h
e legal system. He
h
elped improve t
h
e working relations
h
ip betweenblacks and w
h
ites. He used
h
is network t
h
at consisted of powerful w
h
ite liberals to
h
elpfund and establis
h
many sc
h
ools for t
h
e betterment of blacks. He used peaceful meansto accomplis
h
 
h
is goals.W.E.B Dubois was a radical supporter for equal rig
h
ts. He viciously attacked Jim Crowlaws and practices saying t
h
at black social and political rig
h
ts
h
ad to come beforeblacks would be allowed t
h
eir fair s
h
are economically. He
h
elped form w
h
at is now

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