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Page Newspaper Essay LA

Page Newspaper Essay LA

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Published by Karin Lanzoni
Los Angeles Exhibition essay called "The Page"
Los Angeles Exhibition essay called "The Page"

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Categories:Topics, Art & Design
Published by: Karin Lanzoni on Apr 17, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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by Karin Lanzoni 
 The artist’s book is a little known creative genre in which an artist presentshis or her ideas in the form of a book. For this survey exhibition, thirty-fourartists from a broad range of studio art practices were asked to submit onepage (as they dene it) from one of their own artist’s books to mount on thewalls of the gallery. The featured artists—painters, photographers, sculptors,graphic designers, printers, performance artists, and book artists—employdistinctive strategies and techniques. A cursory view of the artists’ pages onthe gallery walls underscores the diverse and often contradictory forms of thiscontemporary multiple.
Some pages are terse and conceptual; involve an institutional critique; orare modeled on existing types of books. Others borrow aesthetics from a widerange of ne arts practices and are playful and collaborative, utilizing dierentmediums and surprising materials. The subjects are as diverse as writing, drawing,printing, color, and typography. Some comment on other formal issues--whileother pieces grapple with contemporary culture, focusing on controversial ordicult social and political issues.
 The books themselves are either mass-produced; self-published via dierentprinting techniques; or made by hand through traditional bookbindingpractices. Within this exhibition, one nds a broad assortment of images on avariety of paper constructions: there is no limit to what appears on the page orhow it gets there.
Contrary to most ne art forms, the artist’s book is viewed best when anindividual interacts with the book itself. In order to promote this kind of uniqueinteraction, the main area of the gallery is a “reading area” designed to be intimate,but provocative. All of the “pages” on the walls are contextualized within theiroriginal books, which are placed on tables with chairs, such that the viewer/ reader can sit and handle the actual artists’ book or a facsimile produced by theartist. Selected by the architects, Linda Chung and Daniel Herman, several LosAngeles designers and architects were asked to design and contribute a chairto this exhibition.
also designed the modular tables to displaythe books, using cardboard—a book-like material—to underscore the physicalconnection between the books and furniture. Sitting in every chair makes for avaried experience, each one devised by a dierent designer--just as each pagehas been created by a dierent artist.
Also located on one of the tables is an interactive computer kiosk, whichallows these books to be viewed page-by-page on the web, emphasizingdemocratic access.
Introducing the artist’s book as both a visual form and an interactive,phenomenological experience prompts the viewer to consider how this formatlends itself to a dierent kind of audience participation compared to a painting,photograph, or piece of sculpture.
by Karin Lanzoni 
Brought together on the walls and framed are the exhibited “pages” from 34dierent artists’ books. These pages may or may not be fully understood asdisplayed on the wall. By isolating one page, framing it and presenting it asa 2-D artwork a nod is given to a particular type of artist’s book, a “sub-genre”called “livre d’artiste.”“A distinctive product of French modernism, the livre d’artiste came intobeing at the end of the 19th century and matured through the 20th. The genrewas intrinsically eccentric in form, and its success – relatively modest, at rst was predicated on an urbane European cosmopolitanism and on developingmarkets for avant-garde (predominantly Cubist, Surrealist, and Symbolist)experimentation. Modern masters were enlisted along with young upstarts, andtheir work was matched with poems and prose ranging from the experimentalto the traditional. From there, each project required paper-makers, printers,typesetters, etcetera – a myriad of skilled craftsmen. Although always inventive,livres d’artistes are distinguished by several elements: printed by specialtyateliers in relatively small limited editions, the volumes feature original images juxtaposed in relation to variably designed text. Commonly encased in boxes,the folios are comprised of sheets of carefully selected handmade-paper, oftenunbound and frequently oversized, and sometimes cut and folded to unusualeect. The text is handset in distinctive typefaces, in exible and perhaps stylizedrelation to the page size.” (Lisa Fischman) Unbound, a page from a “livre d’artiste,”could be framed and put up on the wall.Here we have asked our artists to “unbind” their book, as it were. Whilesome artists have supplied the actual page from their books, others haveprovided us with sources that come from their archive for the page: a letter, apaperback, found photographs, a photograph uploaded to Wikipedia, a smallbookcase, etcetera. It appears that the idea of “a page” in an artist’s book of the21st century is complex and no longer limited to paper. Since we asked each
Everything in the world exists to end upin a book. ~ Stephane Mallarme In the new art (o which concrete poetry is only an example) communication isstill inter-subjective, but it occurs in aconcrete, real, physical space: the page.~ Ulises CarriónI am a lover o paper-I love its eel, itssmoothness, its sounds. And it is withdeep regrets that I close 28 years o  publishing on paper.~ Judith HofbergThe page is, as I have emphasized, anelement in a composition itsel, whether or supplying a white ground…or aeld o action. Experimentation incomputer-generated writing and hypertext has altered the nature o textuality altogether, rendering the ideao the “visible page” a rather outmoded concept. But the typographic revolution in modernism made possible the condition or the page’sdeconstruction as moveable typegave way to photo-ofset printing,now to pixel characters. In a recurringmodernist paradox, the page must rst be seen in order to be made invisible.~ Michael Davidson
artist to select a page, how he or sheenvisioned or presented that pageon the wall—some, after dialogueswith the curators—is also a way tounderstand the artist’s intellectualapproach to his or her book.Each “page” on the wall representsa specic relationship to the very ideaof a book. Collectively, these pagesare fairly analogous to something like“lm stills,” “freeze frames,” “motionlessimages” or “still pictures” from dissimilarmovies. One artist included her handsin the photograph of her page; herhands are the shutters that click through the book. The book is, afterall, a series of frames, in a sequenceand physically tied together via abinding or another such intervention.A book, the codex, is part machine.Or as artist and conceptualist UlisesCarrión writes in his
The New Art o Making Books
: “A book is a sequenceof spaces. Each of these spaces isperceived at a dierent moment – abook is also a sequence of moments.”The pages themselves are re-united or explicitly referred to in thebooks that are laid out on the tablesin the gallery. “A book’s mechanism isactivated when the reader picks it up,opens the cover and starts reading it.”(Steve McCaery and bpNichol) Thebooks are all waiting to be pickedup and handled – gently, of course.And they can be handled by anyone.
We are inviting architects to design and abricate chairs or thisshow. The main requirement o the chairs is that they are suitableor sitting and reading an artist’s book. The other requirement o the chairs is that they be made o wood or wood-based productsbecause, ater all, books are made rom paper, which comes romwood. This creates a relationship o process between the art and the urniture. Both are made rom the same materials but are at diferent moments in the process. Chairs might be raw lumber, nished wood and/ or processed wood products. The collection o chairs will demonstrate the process o wood becoming something else, and this idea o a process is then taken urther withthe books themselves. In this way, the chairs help to rame or introduce the idea o the book. ~ Dan Herman & Linda Chung A chair is a very dicult object. A skyscraper is almost easier. That is why Chippendaleis amous. ~ Ludwig Mies van der RoheOnly reality interests me now and I know I could spend the rest o my lie in copyinga chair. ~ Alberto Giacometti Carrying chairs through the city, sitting down here and there, photographed, pix let on the spot, going on.” ~ Allan Kaprow, score or “Pose” Happening
There are various chairs—designed by Los Angeles Designers—set uparound the room; we want you to think about sitting. They all say somethingabout material and about sitting, about wood and the structure that must holdup the human body. In a way, the dierent structures of these chairs—all chairsnonetheless—parallel the diversity in the books on the table. They too havediverse structures: the codex form, the accordion form, etcetera, even electronicforms, and yet they all are books just the same.Allan Kaprow, a performance artist, philosopher and the inventor of thephrase “Happenings,” did a small artist’s book on sitting called Pose. He andseveral friends walked around Berkeley with chairs and a camera. They sat downin all kinds of pedestrian and non-pedestrian places: a sidewalk, railroad tracks,an o-ramp, a park, etcetera. One person (sometimes Kaprow) sat down fora while and struck a pose—some mimicked Rodin’s “The Thinker”—and theother person photographed the sitter. A Polaroid photo was left at the scene. The documentation for these little sitting events was turned into a collectionof unbound pages with the dates printed on them, housed in a modest manilaenvelope. With the title and instructions (also known as a “score”) on theenvelope, it is possible to re-create this piece. This was recently done in 2008and can be viewed on
What Kaprow asks is: What does it mean to sit in a place that is not meantfor sitting? The poses reect how one is thinking or contemplating (something)in a place where one should normally be alert and watchful or walking. Dowe focus our minds more when sitting? How does our thinking change whenwe are sitting and relaxing? Do we give ourselves time to think about things?Museums often provide benches for sitting, while paintings or sculptures arecontemplated.We felt that this gallery should be transformed somehow into a place wherethis kind of thinking can occur. The tables and chairs are meant to make thebooks accessible and invoke such interaction. Please try out all the chairs whileyou look at the books; some chairs you will relate to strongly, and others not atall, just as with the books on the tables.Once you sit down, the chair, oddly, transforms your body into a kind of pedestal as you hold the book in your hands. You become part of the exhibition;you are “the reader.
Every reader nds himsel. Thewriter’s work is merely a kind o optical instrument that makes it possible or the reader to discern what, without thisbook, he would perhaps never have seen in himsel. ~ Marcel Proust Reading makes immigrants o us all. It takes us away rom home, but more important,it nds homes or us everywhere. ~ Jean RhysOnce you learn to read, you will be orever ree. ~ Frederick DouglassI the First Amendment means anything, it means that a State has no businesstelling a man, sitting alone in his house, what books he may read or what lms hemay watch. ~ Thurgood Marshall One must be an inventor to read well. There is then creative reading as well ascreative writing. ~ Ralph Waldo EmersonOutside a dog, a book is man’s best riend. Inside a dog, it’s too dark to read.~ Groucho Marx 
Once you are comfortable, you pick up a book, you look at the cover, you look at the back cover, you open it, and then proceed to “read” it – back to front, frontto back, middle to end, in whatever way you happen to examine that book. Yourapproach will depend on the book itself.“So here you are now, ready to attack the rst lines of the rst page… Areyou disappointed? Let’s see. Perhaps at rst you feel a bit lost, as when aperson appears who, from the name, you identify with a certain face, and youtry to make the features you are seeing tally with those you had in mind, andit won’t work. But then you go on and you realize that the book is readablenevertheless, independently of what you expected of the author, it’s the book itself that arouses your curiosity; in fact, on sober reection, you prefer it thisway, confronting something and not quite knowing yet what it is.” (Italo Calvino)The kind of reading here will be somewhat dierent than in a bookstore or alibrary. It could be about looking at and manipulating an object with contiguouspages. Or it could be about starting in the middle and skipping around in thebook. It certainly involves another kind of thinking. Here are some instructions:
In order to read the old art, knowing the alphabet is enough.In order to read the new art, one must apprehend the book as a structure,identiying its elements and understanding their unction.In the old art, all books are read in the same way.In the new art, every book requires a diferent reading.In the old art, to read the last page takes as much time as to read the rst one.In the new art, the rhythm o the reading changes; it quickens, it speeds up.In order to understand and to appreciate a book o the old art,it is necessary to read it thoroughly.In the new art, oten you do NOT need to read the whole book.The reading may stop at the very moment you have understood the total structure o the book.The new art makes it possible to read more rapidly than what the ast-readingmethods enabled. To read a book is to perceive its structure sequentially.The old art takes no heed o reading.The new art creates specic reading conditions.(Ulises Carrión)
by Karin Lanzoni 
     S     I     T
     T     H     E     C     H     A     I     R     S
by Alan Kaprow;
 A Book of Folds
 , by Sol Lewitt (last image).
Renee Dake Wilson and Brian Wilson (Dake Wilson Architects)
Tim Durfee
Pierpaolo Granata
Tom Marble (Marble Architecture)
Chris Puzio
Nathan Swift and Gloria Lee (Swift Lee Oce)
Warren Techentin with Nima Payan and Machine Histories
Chris Warren (WORD)
BLT (Box Low Table) by Chung/Herman
a prolic book artist,has made a book about the book. Titledsimply
The Story,
Cameron photographsthe cover of 80 paperback novels—bethey pulp ction, self-help, or classics—and constructs several long sentences by inserting,awlessly, grammatical conjunctions to the title proper –ampersands, letters, or a word – all in graphic camouage.Cumulatively, these almost imperceptible interventions addup to a humorous but profound overview of life with anaphoristic tint, just as the outdated graphics and fonts onthe covers set the kitschy tone (associated with some of the60’s ,70’s & 80’s book designs) to
The Story.
-klThoughtfully captured in the format of the unbound folioitself,
The Persephones
meshesher images with the poems by Nathaniel Tarn. Workingcollaboratively, the poet himself, in 2007, altered the textspecically for this Ninja Press edition. Twelve etherealfolios have been hand-painted on both sides using sumiink and salt by the artist and encased in supple goatparchment covers; the sensuality of these materials canonly be experienced by the individual access of the reader.Campbell’s seasoned eye for typography interprets each
with expert pacing, line breaks and movementacross the page. In a truly modern version of the “livred’artiste,Campbell’s seamless integration of type andimage exemplies the elegant union of writer and artist.–kl/rwc
The Topography of Home
is ameditation on the “at-homeness”of where she has livedand where she is living now. The beautifully letter-pressedand pressure-printed pages contrast with blue, diaphanous,circular insets which at once signify a telescopic and amicroscopic view of her locale. In trying to clarify thisineluctable idea of “the feeling of there, my place,”shecarefully uses a variety of map codes and her own invented“signs”of topography. Hence, the page has the look of an oldparchment map. But the yellowed page also references thebody; the text is a simple narrative describing her memoriesabout these places, which, in her words, are “recorded under[her] skin.”Her poetic attempt at mapping geographiclocations resonates with the viewer; we all attempt to codifyour experiences in a book that could evince how we havefelt them in life: viscerally. –kl/rwc
 Azusa: a Sequel 
is a very funny,but sophisticated alphabet book, with witty poems by PaulVangelisti. The poems allude to the relationship with theRoman and Hebrew alphabets, their numeric analoguesand the actual shapes of the letters themselves. The workpays homage to two Los Angeles artists: poet Stuart Z.Perko (1930-1974) and visual artist Wallace Berman(1925-1975), both of whom Vangelisti worked with in the70s and whose profound interest in the Hebrew alphabetbecame an important touchstone for Vangelisti. Chamlee’sinnovative use of wood type and interpretive typographyplayfully set up the humor within the poems, and the title of this alphabet book –
– references an old Jack Benny joke: “Azusa, Everything from
in the
”–kl/rwcAt least 7 years’ in the making,
collaborative project
Drawings with Bill 
(someone whois completely untrained in drawing) provides a clevercomment on the state of drawing in the 21st century.Collected in this one edition, Cook’s super-tight and “photo-realistic”contributions contrast strongly with Bill’s child-likeexpressionistic renderings, whereby each drawing feelsmore like a conversation (or an argument) about “reality,”rather than a resolved whole. Cook creates and selectsthe ideas and images; he carefully marks each drawingso that Bill knows where his lines must intersect Cook’sfaintly sketched-in gure before mailing it to Bill for hiscontribution. On nishing, Bill sends the drawings backto Cook—who openly admits to being very surprised atBill’s work. Cook then takes weeks, sometimes months, tonish each drawing using a very ne mechanical pencil.Slightly slapstick but always in control of the image, Cookshows how this de-skilling has great cultural currency atthe moment; Bill’s awkward hand allows for male subjectsto appear as humorously self-depreciating. Cook’s work isabout the adolescent desires within the male body, bothsexually and physically. -klFive and a half years in the making,
“Mr. Toast”began as a websiteproject and has morphed into a series of comic books and toy multiples as part of the “VinylArt Movement”(a term used to describe toys and other collectibles created by artists andproduced independently, in limited editions). As seen in his
Imaginary World Comics #2with Mr. Toast,
Goodsell has developed a complete comic book world with his grocery characters: Shaky Bacon, ClemLemon, Joe the Egg, Cornelius Candy Corn, Drunken Carrot and his star culinary gure: Mr. Toast. Taking cues from Gumby,Mr. Toast is an iconic gure and occupies himself with very simple pleasures in a 1950’s world where there are no Wii’s or cellphones, but rather popsicles, slices of pie, ying carpets, ant farms and space ships. Mr. Toast is not really a comic strip, but acartoon where each drawing comments on pop culture (for example, brandishing a light-saber Clem Lemon accidental cutshimself in half; Joe the Egg’s friends do the River Dance) or the banal interests of a childish imagination (a toilet-paper fort,a monster-face balloon, and stamp-licking as an occupation). Dry, subtle and somewhat quaint, Goodsell’s comics are like achild’s version of cartoons in
The New Yorker.
Borrowed: Mystery, Romance and Knowledge
is focused on the subtle indexical marksleft behind by readers. The work is an intriguing collection of pages removed from various ction books (library discards) inthe mystery and romance genres. Also included are pages from several non-ction books, hence the word “Knowledge”inthe title. Flicks of nail polish, smeary stains, faded highlighters, and cryptic blots and blemishes all make an appearance andleave traces of past borrowers, sometimes revealing how those people approached the book. The pages themselves haveonly fragments of text, but their patterns of ngerprints, smudges, and drips become a record of the way the readers’handsinteract with the material form of books. –kl/rwcComposed of charcoal, graphite, pastel, enamel paint, and the employment of stencils,
little bookcalled
is inspired by her drawings that map out her daily walks in Santa Monica. Using a grid and overlaying heavyblack lines, her drawings refer obliquely to the curbs and squares of the sidewalks. Hede also makes several abstract shapes thatreference street signs or the markings of pedestrian walk-ways and street-crossings. Her marks and layered images also work as ametaphor for “jogging one’s memory”as one traverses the city. Having an anity with Sol Lewitt’s artist’s books, this little book isabout grid, expressive line and shape, and how these elements can structurally invoke a more complex poetics. –kl
Dear Ms. Honda
is a selection of letters written by her students while teaching 5th grade artclasses. These letters of apology actually convey a story, albeit in hindsight, about an instigator (Blakely), an out-of-controlclass, the teacher (Honda) yelling at the students, and also – via later self-reection – about the kids’own motives in thewhole mess. The letters also underscore a key component of the epistolary form, manifested here in awkward but hilariousrelease: the honesty that underlies confession. –kl
The Wikipedia Reader 
edited by
and designed by
is a collection of (truncated)Wikipedia articles, which tracks the lines of research by a selection of artists as they hyperlink from one article to the next. Onthe one hand, this piece pays homage to a great democratic experiment in which an educated public creates and contributesto Wikipedia for free. Horvitz, both a Wikipedia fan and contributor, oers an interesting space for artists to utilize, as whenhe notes his own hand in the picture of Hannah Arendt’s grave he had uploaded to her Wikibiography several years earlier.Oddly, two of the artists’“research”landed on this same page about Arendt. Horvitz asks in his introduction to the book, “Whynot play with images? Anyone can assert their presence in the background and margins of photographs, becoming part of the information.”Among other things, he is perhaps suggesting a kind of artistic intervention, which one might call “onlinemarginalia,”except the marginalia is composed of images not text. -klThe brain child of 
Nothing Moments Press
consists of 23 dierent book projects that were made by 100participating writers, artists and designers. Each book had three equal partners: writer, artist and designer. Their collaborativeeort underscores the main idea of the series, which is, as quoted from Hull’s informative website, “invert[ing] the traditionalforegrounding of text over art in the book format.” The book included in this exhibition,
Three Boys Pose for a Camera Noneof Them are Looking Into
, is a text by
the drawings are by Steven Hull; and the design by Four Fold. Theresult is an interesting cross of zine and literary magazine. For example, the artists’work—their drawings and paintings,principally found only in a gallery setting—are now democratically dispersed and accessible in a full range of dierentvenues. These books are a kind of inexpensive, democratic, modern-day “livre d’artiste.”-kl
Postcards from theClandestine Troupe
is a series of bound postcardsthat underscore the diculty of documentingwomen in Iraq’s warzone that has dictateda kind of invisibility for them. Culling recentphotojournalism from Iraq, Alkadhi createsa ctitious group of women—by digitally manipulating theseimages—who can freely appear in public disguise (wearingmale clothing, using short haircuts, etcetera); they becomesubversive representations. As Alkadhi comments, “Thepostcards commemorate a kind of empowerment that goesunacknowledged because so much clouds the representationof people from this region.” Yet, simultaneously, the postcardsinvoke the epistolary form by virtue of the format, which invitesthe viewer to pass on these images and descriptions by writing(an invite and a message of support) and sending it to someoneelse in the world as part of this covert network. . -kl
Painting and Sculpture from the Museum of Modern Art: Catalog of Deaccessions, 1929through 1998
is a thoroughly researched red-coveredbook that lists the works by various artists (includingBraque, Cezanne, de Chirico, Kandinsky, Miró, Rothko,Pollock, Picasso, etcetera) which were sold or tradedbetween1929 and 1998. This 15-page book was Asher’scontribution to the group show “Museum as Muse: ArtistsReect’’as a site-specic piece looking into the opaquepractice of deaccessioning art-works. In his “LieutenantColombo”personae of posing seemingly innocentquestions, Asher met with the Registrars of MOMA andpainstakingly reviewed their records to compile this list of paintings and sculptures, all of which had been stamped“deaccessioned”in the logbooks. Normally, this list wouldnever be published; hence, MOMA’s anxiety compelled areduction of the print run and problems with the book’sdistribution; it is also evident in the uneasy prologue byKurt Varnedoe. Asher modeled the cover and format of his book on the “New Acquisitions”catalogs published byMOMA; the stamp “Deaccessioned”on the front cover is areplica of the Registrar’s stamp found in the logbooks. Whatwould an exhibition of these 400 deaccessioned pieces looklike? In keeping with Asher’s interests in Conceptual Art andhis previous work on absence, one is only able to imaginethese paintings and sculptures in reading through thealphabetical list of artists.-kl
 A Field Guide to Weeds,
is an elegant re-working of the book’s most dicult and ignored space:the gutter. The center of the spread—the “gutter”—is a place where the book folds in (as signatures are sewntogether), and it is where, visually, the printed area and the binding meet (usually ungraciously). Here Beckmanipulates the dry “scientic format”of the eld guide to show how the ugly and marginalized—the gutterof the book and the attribution of certain plants as “weeds”—can be recouped. Instead of showing each specimen of weedslaid out and described, Beck makes a kind of ip book in which these beautiful plants grow—profusely—within the gutterof the book and multiply to cover the page, transforming the white space into a lush array of greens. -kl
very modest, smallpink book called
The American War 
belies itshorric subject matter: graphic photographsof war horrors from the War RemnantsMuseum in Ho Chi Minh City. While inVietnam in 2005, Fletcher was so movedby his visit to the War Remnants Museumthat he returned there several times to takehis own photographs of the display casescontaining documentary photographs (withbi-lingual captions) depicting Americanatrocities against civilians. Shot at peculiarangles to avoid reections in the displayglass, the oblique vantage point of eachimage is a potent metaphor for how painful and dicultit is to face the Vietnamese perspective that runs so counterto American “truisms”spun in movies like “Apocalypse Now”and “The Deer Hunter.”It is a haunting book. -kl
Book of Honest Silence
, invitesus into the abstract language of ber and thread. With abackground in ber arts, Forsythe creates a complex andlayered work made with various types of neutral-coloredwoven pages, overlaid with ne embroidery threadstitched on vellum sheets. This stitching—yellow, orange,black, grey, white and beige—echoes the look of an EEG(electroencephalography) or EKG (electrocardiography) oreven a seismic chart, recording some kind of activity that isgoing on elsewhere. Within the format of the book, there is atentative narrative that follows these linear threads, startingfrom their absence, to many of the recordings, and on to thelast – blank – page of vellum. Forsythe’s choice of usingthe codex allows for a sequencing of events that we canonly imagine; the physical turning of the pages somehowunderscores the materiality of these events. Forsythe createdthe beautiful facsimile book specically for this exhibition toallow viewers to handle it. –kl/rwcA structuralist to the core,
has made a tightly organized book,
Here, over there and sometimes here,
 that is based on this score: “All of the images in this book were photographed as pairs. The second photograph was takenbetween 46 and 50 intervals (depending on my age) after the rst using one of the following measurements: seconds,minutes, hours, days, inches, feet, paces, miles, number of buildings or of city blocks.”What arises is a document comprisedof very small photographs of these multiple mini-performances (or “happenings”) carried out by Berens and published in alarge, spacious format for a book. Where the rst photograph is taken and why the second photograph has been assigneda particular measurement is often unknown to the viewer. However, the viewer can deduce certain relationships that areoutside the frame (including the selected measurement). This informs the narrative structure of the paired photographsand creates a kind of strange conceptual space, signied by the large white area in each spread. The fun is in “reading”theserelationships; some quite literal, some very poetic. -kl
Point of View 
is an ingenious little artist’s book. Each suite of drawings has two “doors”that open up,and the depicted gures change as layers of vellum are turned, almost the way a photograph can change dramatically asdierent color lenses or see-through patterns are overlaid on the still image. In this work, the very act of turning pagesguides the experience of the viewer as images are revealed, hidden, layered, covered and uncovered. Bryant’s gures arevery elegant but modest; they look like they might be students on a university campus. The physical space of the book is aninvestigation into perception, or, as Bryant puts it, into “an individual’s perception of the relationships of people that surroundhim or her at any given moment.”Beautifully executed in unassuming materials, the reader sees the transformation of thesegures; it prompts a sense of wonder like an optical device could. –kl/rwc
is an artist whose source material over the past decade has drawn on the now defunct book-cards fromthe card catalog once owned by the Los Angeles Central Library. In this bookwork,
 Subliminal Messages,
he searches hissource—thousands of book-cards—to nd the anomalies: accidental marks, the roguish hand-written comments andthe playful insertion of bogus cards or interventionist stickers, none of which (presumably) would have been contributedby the professional library sta. Bunn captures these public “interventions”by printing a close-up on one page and then,on the following page, showing the “intervention”
in situ
on the formulaic (and often dated) book-card itself, to hilariousor surprising eects! These anomalies often slyly comment on the content of the volume described on the book-card. Thecumulative eect of these “interventions”shows that this great card catalog, like any human institution, houses a version of cultural history and a kind of collective “id”created by a vast public visiting the Library. -kl

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