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THE SERPENT IN OUR GARDEN AL-QA’IDA AND THE LONG WAR pub877

THE SERPENT IN OUR GARDEN AL-QA’IDA AND THE LONG WAR pub877

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THE SERPENT IN OUR GARDEN:AL-QA’IDA AND THE LONG WARColonel Brian M. Drinkwine January 2009
The views expressed in this report are those of the author and do not necessarily reect theofcial policy or position of the Department of the Army, the Department of Defense, or the U.S.Government. This report is cleared for public release; distribution is unlimited.
*****
This publication is a work of the U.S. Government as dened in Title 17, United States Code,Section 101. As such, it is in the public domain, and under the provisions of Title 17, United StatesCode, Section 105, it may not be copyrighted.
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***** 
This work is dedicated to the memory of two heroic and courageous men of which I had the greatprivilege of knowing. Both were caring but rm leaders, great husbands and fathers to their children, andmen of god—their god. Each died in Iraq and their efforts have served to inspire me and many others. Theypaid the ultimate sacrice in the ght for basic freedoms and in the war on terror. May they both rest inpeace.Shaykh Abdul Sattar Abu Risha, founder of the Anbar Awakening Council—Killed on September 13,2007.U.S. Colonel Tom Felts, Team Leader Military Transition Team to 1-6th Iraqi Army Division—Killed onNovember 14, 2006.
*****
Comments pertaining to this report are invited and should be forwarded to: Director, Strategic StudiesInstitute, U.S. Army War College, 122 Forbes Ave, Carlisle, PA 17013-5244.
*****
All Strategic Studies Institute (SSI) publications are available on the SSI Homepage for electronicdissemination. Hard copies of this report also may be ordered from our Homepage. SSI’s Homepage
address is:
www.StrategicStudiesInstitute.army.mil
.
*****
The Strategic Studies Institute publishes a monthly e-mail newsletter to update the national securitycommunity on the research of our analysts, recent and forthcoming publications, and upcoming conferencessponsored by the Institute. Each newsletter also provides a strategic commentary by one of our researchanalysts. If you are interested in receiving this newsletter, please subscribe on our homepage at
www.Strategic Studies Institute.army.mil
/
newsletter/newsletter.cfm
.
ISBN 1-58487-375-2
 
iii
CONTENTS
Preface .....................................................................................................................................vAbout the Author.................................................................................................................. viAbstract ................................................................................................................................ viiIntroduction ............................................................................................................................1Terrorism ................................................................................................................................ 2Al-Qa’ida, Jihadis, Salas, Islamists, and Islamic Fundamentalism .............................. 5Ideology within Islam...................................................................................................... 6Schools of Islam and Sources of Islamic Doctrine ............................................................ 9
 
Sunni
Muslims ..................................................................................................................9
 
Shi’a
Muslims ....................................................................................................................9
 
Su 
Muslims ..................................................................................................................... 9Islamic Doctrine ............................................................................................................... 9Al-Qa’ida (The Base) and the Attacks of 9/11 .................................................................10Present Day Al-Qa’ida and the Associated Movement (AQAM) ….............................13Al-Qa’ida’s Strategic Mission .......................................................................................14Al-Qa’ida The Organization .........................................................................................15Al-Qa’ida Strategy Towards the United States and Emerging Jihadi Doctrine...........17Al-Qa’ida Grand Strategy .............................................................................................17Al-Qa’ida Strategy with Respect to the United States ..............................................18Al-Qa’ida Emerging Doctrine and 4th-Generation Warfare (4GW) …………...... 19The Strategy of Martyrdom Tactics (Suicide Bombers).................................................. 20Al-Qa’ida Strengths, Weaknesses—Vulnerabilities ....................................................... 22Strengths ..........................................................................................................................22Al-Qa’ida Weaknesses—Vulnerabilities .................................................................... 27Current U.S. Strategic Guidance, Policies, and Counterterrorism Strategies.............. 31Initiatives for Grand National Strategy and Campaign Planning in the WarAgainst Al-Qa’ida, the Al-Qa’ida Associated Movement, Sala-Jihadisand Islamist Extremist Terrorists....................................................................................... 33Grand National Strategy and Campaign Design-Planning .....................................33Strategic Objectives ........................................................................................................35Where to Fight ................................................................................................................35Reorganizing to Fight a Campaign against Al-Qa’ida, the Al-Qa’idaAssociated Movement, and Islamist Terrorism ….......................................................... 38Mobilize the Government .............................................................................................38Long-War Mindset ........................................................................................................ 39United States Special Operations Command (USSOCOM) .....................................40Bipartisan Support for the ILWCP and Enduring Foreign Policy ..........................40 Join In and Fight In “The War of Ideas” ...........................................................................41American Interests, Values, and the Democracy Agenda ....................................... 41ReBranding America ..................................................................................................... 42Defeat the Al-Qa’ida Ideology (Centripetal Force (COG) of AQAM) ....................42Positive Themes to Enforce .......................................................................................... 44

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