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ManhattanGMAT Flashcards 4

ManhattanGMAT Flashcards 4

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Published by insider_resource
These flash cards have been developed by ManhattanGMAT's expert Instructors to provide you with a useful tool to study for the GMAT on the go. Each card was developed to pass a “no writing” test – with a little thought, you should be able to do any of them in your head. Like the ManhattanGMAT curriculum, these flash cards emphasize learning real content over simple memorization. Each card tests your knowledge by providing you not only with a detailed explanation of the question, but also the GMAT-specific concept tested in the question.
These flash cards have been developed by ManhattanGMAT's expert Instructors to provide you with a useful tool to study for the GMAT on the go. Each card was developed to pass a “no writing” test – with a little thought, you should be able to do any of them in your head. Like the ManhattanGMAT curriculum, these flash cards emphasize learning real content over simple memorization. Each card tests your knowledge by providing you not only with a detailed explanation of the question, but also the GMAT-specific concept tested in the question.

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Published by: insider_resource on Apr 18, 2011
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07/07/2013

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If 
 
both
 
 x 
 
and
 
 
are
 
odd,
 
is
 
 xy 
 
odd?
 
Is
 
the
 
statement
 
sufficient?
 
Is
 
 x 
 
<
 
0?
 
1)
 
 xy 
2
 
<
 
0
 
Odds & Evens
 
 Answer: Yes,
 xy
is odd
Odd numbers can be represented as 2
+ 1 or 2
+ 1, where
 and
are integers. (Think about why this is.) Multiplying twonumbers of this form together would yield 4
nm 
+ 2
+ 2
+ 1, which is always odd; the 1
st
, 2
nd
, and 3
rd
terms are multiplied by 2(or 4), so they are even, as is their sum. An even number plus oneis odd. Thus
xy 
is odd.More simply, we could just recall: an odd number times an oddnumber is always odd.
 When in doubt, try it out! Pick numbers to test properties.ManhattanGMAT Number Properties Strategy GuideOdds & Evens
 
Positives & Negatives
 Answer: Sufficient
 Anything raised to an even power will be positive, so weknow that
 y 
2
, regardless of the sign of 
 y 
, will be positive. For
xy 
2
to be less than zero, that means that
must be negative. The statement is sufficient.
 
ManhattanGMAT Number Properties Strategy GuidePositives & Negatives
 
12
Copyright © 2009 MG Prep, Inc. Copyright ©2009 MG Prep, Inc.
 
 
Simplify
 
6,300.
 
If 
 
both
 
 x 
 
and
 
 
are
 
odd,
 
is
 
 x 
2
 
+
 
 
odd?
 
Simplifying a Root
 
 Answer: 307
 
 Whenever simplifying an expression under the square rootsign, factor the expression. In this case, 6,300 = 2
2
×
3
2
×
5
2
×
 7. For every pair under the square root sign, move oneoutside the radical, and throw the other away:
222
2357
 becomes (2)(3)(5)7, or simply 307. 
ManhattanGMAT Number Properties Strategy GuideRoots
 
Odds & Evens
 Answer: No,
 x 
2
 
+
y
is even
Odd numbers can be represented as 2
+ 1 or 2
+ 1, where
 and
are integers. (Think about why this is.)
(2
+ 1)
2
= 4
2
+4
+ 1, and adding 2
+ 1 would yield 4
2
+ 4
+ 2
+ 2. This is always even, since a 2 can be factored from all fourterms.
More simply, we could just recall: an odd number times an oddnumber is always odd, and an odd plus an odd is always even.
 When in doubt, try it out! Pick numbers to test properties.
ManhattanGMAT Number Properties Strategy GuideOdds & Evens
 
34
Copyright © 2009 MG Prep, Inc. Copyright © 2009 MG Prep, Inc.
 
 
If 
 
 x 
 
is
 
odd
 
and
 
 
is
 
even,
 
is
 
 xy 
 
odd,
 
or
 
even?
 
Is
 
the
 
statement
 
sufficient?
 
Is
 
 x 
 
<
 
0?
 
1)
 
<
13
0
 x 
 
Odds & Evens
 
 Answer:
 xy
is even
 An odd number can be represented as 2
+ 1, and an evennumber can be represented as 2
, where
and
are integers.(Think about why this is.) Multiplying 2
+ 1 and 2
would yield4
mn 
+2
, which is always even, since 2 is a factor of both terms.(Factor out the 2 to get 2(2
mn 
+
 ), which shows that this number will be even.)More simply, we could just recall: an odd number times an evennumber is always even.
 When in doubt, try it out! Pick numbers to test properties.ManhattanGMAT Number Properties Strategy GuideOdds & Evens
 
Odd Roots
 Answer: Sufficient
Don’t let the 13 confuse you; the only thing that matters isthat 13 is an odd number. Odd roots, as well as oddexponents, preserve the sign of the number inside. If 
<
13
0
,then
is also less than 0. The statement is sufficient.
ManhattanGMAT Number Properties Strategy GuideRoots
 
56
Copyright © 2009 MG Prep, Inc.Copyright © 2009 MG Prep, Inc.

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