Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Save to My Library
Look up keyword or section
Like this
19Activity

Table Of Contents

1 Introduction
1.1 Causes of Electric Arcs
1.2 The Nature of Electrical Arcs
1.3 Hazards of Arcing Faults
1.3.1 Probability of Survival
1.4 Impacts of Arc Flash
1.5 Potential Exposure to Arc Flash
1.6 Recent Developments in Addressing Arc Flash Hazard
1.7 NFPA 70E and Arc Flash Hazard
1.7.1 Protection Boundaries
1. Flash Protection Boundary
1.7.2 Flash Protection Boundary
1.7.3 Personal Protective Equipment
1.7.4 Classification of Hazard/Risk Category
1.7.5 Determining Flash Protection Boundary and Hazard Category
1.7.6 Difference between NFPA 70E and IEEE 1584 Calculations
1.8 Hazard Assessment Methods
1.10 Arc Flash Hazard Program
2 Planning for an Arc Flash Hazard Program
2.1 Overview of the Planning Process
2.2 Review of Existing Practices and Resources
2.2.1 Benefits of Existing Practices Review
2.2.2 Determining Significant Exposure to an Arc Flash Hazard
2.2.3 Assessing Existing Safety Program
2.2.4 Assessing Available Human Resources
2.2.5 Power System Size and Records
2.2.6 Financial Resources
2.3 Values, Goals and Objectives
2.3.1 Reasons to Address Arc Flash Hazard
2.3.2 Goals of Arc Flash Hazard Program
2.3.3 Objectives
2.4 Selection of Resource Persons
2.5 Selection of Arc Flash Hazard Assessment Method
2.5.1 Simplified NFPA 70 Tables
2.5.2 Hand Calculations
2.5.3 Spreadsheet Calculator
2.5.4 Commercial Integrated Software - EasyPower
2.5.5 Accuracy and Conservatism
2.5.6 Overprotection
3.1.1 Step 1: Estimate of Arcing Current
3.1.2 Step 2: Estimate of Normalized Incident Energy
3.1.3 Step 3: Estimate of Incident Energy
3.1.4 Step 4: Flash Protection Boundary
3.2 NFPA 70E Protection Boundaries
3.2.1 Flash Protection Boundary
3.2.2 Limited Approach Boundary
3.2.3 Restricted Approach Boundary
3.2.4 Prohibited Approach Boundary
3.3 NFPA 70E – May 2003 ROP
3.3.1 Annex B Method
3.3.1.1 Arc Flash Boundary
3.3.1.2 Incident Energy
3.3.2 Annex C Method (2003)
3.4 NFPA 70E Tables
3.4.1 Flash Protection Boundary
3.4.2 Hazard/Risk Category Classifications
3.5 Arc Blast Pressure
4 Practical Steps to Arc Flash Calculations
4.1 Step 1 – Identification of Locations/Equipment for AFH
4.2 Step 2 – Data Collection
4.2.1 Equipment Data for Short Circuit Analysis
4.2.2 Equipment Data For Protective Device Characteristics
4.2.3 Equipment Data For Arc Flash Study
4.2.4 Determine All Possible Operating Conditions
4.3 Step 3 – Prepare single-line diagram of the system
4.4 Step 4 – Short Circuit Study
4.4.1 Calculate Bolted Fault Current
4.4.2 Calculate Contributing Branch Currents
4.5 Step 5 – Determine Expected Arc Current
4.5.1 Calculate Arc Current
4.5.2 Consider a range of Arc Current
4.5.2.1 Tolerance due to Random Variation based on IEEE-1584
4.5.2.2 Tolerance due to Random Variation based on Actual Data
4.5.2.3 Limits for Arc Currents
4.5.3 Calculate Branch Currents Contributing to the Arc Current
4.6 Step 6 – Determine Arcing Time
4.6.1 Evaluate Protective Device Performance
4.6.2 Trip time for multiple feeds
4.7 Step 7 – Determine Incident Energy
4.7.1 Tolerance of Calculated Incident Energy
4.8 Step 8 – Determine Hazard/Risk Category
4.9 Step 9 – Determine Flash Protection Boundary
4.10 Step 10 – Document The Arc Flash Hazard Assessment
4.10.1 Documentation in Reports
4.10.2 Documentation in One-Line Diagrams
4.10.3 Documentation on Equipment
5 Limiting Arc Exposure
5.1 Avoiding Arc Flash Accidents
5.1.1 Preventive Maintenance
5.1.2 Working on Live Equipment
5.2 Reducing Incident Energy on Worker
5.2.1 Reducing the Level of Fault
5.2.1.1 System Configuration
5.2.1.2 Current Limiting Fuses/Breakers
5.2.1.3 Current Limiting Reactors
5.2.2 Reducing Arcing Time
5.2.2.1 Reducing Breaker Response Time Safety Margin
5.2.2.2 Bus Differential Protection
5.2.2.3 Temporary Instantaneous Setting
5.2.2.4 Retrofit Instantaneous Trip Device
5.2.3 Remote Operation and Racking
6 Personal Protective Equipment
6.1 Standards on Personal Protective Equipment
6.1.1 OSHA
6.1.2 NFPA 70E
6.1.3 ASTM
6.2 Fire Resistant Clothing
6.2.1 Factors Affecting Protection Level From Arc
6.2.2 Care of FR Clothing
6.2.3 Useful Life of PPE
6.2.4 Selection of PPE
6.2.5 Types of FR Clothing
6.3 Other PPE
7 Arc Flash Hazard Program
7.1 Electrical Safety Program
7.2 Training
7.2.1 Awareness
7.2.2 Standards and Codes
7.2.3 Understanding of Arc Flash Quantities
7.2.4 PPE
7.2.5 Reading and Following Warning Signs and Labels
7.2.6 Methods to Reduce Risk While Working on Live Exposed Parts
7.2.7 Arc Flash Hazard Assessment
7.2.8 Documentation
7.3 Safety Audit
7.3.1 Purpose of Safety Audit
7.3.2 Arc Flash Hazard and Safety Audit
7.3.3 Methods of Obtaining Information for Audit
7.4 Safety Meetings
7.5 Documentation
7.6 Personal Protective Equipment
B. Implementing The New Arc Flash Standards
Index
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
Practical_Solution_Guide_to_Arc_Flash_Hazards[1]

Practical_Solution_Guide_to_Arc_Flash_Hazards[1]

Ratings: (0)|Views: 1,814 |Likes:
Published by abdkha8644
Practical Solution Guide to Arc Flash Hazards

Chet Davis, P.E. Conrad St. Pierre David Castor, P.E. Robert Luo, PhD Satish Shrestha

© ESA, Inc., 2003. Published by ESA, Inc. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted, in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, or otherwise, without the prior permission of the publisher.

Disclaimer Warning - Disclaimer: The calculation methods listed in the book are based on theoretica
Practical Solution Guide to Arc Flash Hazards

Chet Davis, P.E. Conrad St. Pierre David Castor, P.E. Robert Luo, PhD Satish Shrestha

© ESA, Inc., 2003. Published by ESA, Inc. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted, in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, or otherwise, without the prior permission of the publisher.

Disclaimer Warning - Disclaimer: The calculation methods listed in the book are based on theoretica

More info:

Categories:Types, Brochures
Published by: abdkha8644 on Apr 18, 2011
Copyright:Traditional Copyright: All rights reserved

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

07/11/2013

pdf

text

original

You're Reading a Free Preview
Pages 4 to 20 are not shown in this preview.
You're Reading a Free Preview
Pages 24 to 36 are not shown in this preview.
You're Reading a Free Preview
Pages 40 to 81 are not shown in this preview.
You're Reading a Free Preview
Pages 85 to 143 are not shown in this preview.

Activity (19)

You've already reviewed this. Edit your review.
1 hundred reads
1 thousand reads
Shailesh Kumar liked this
Ramfis Tuñón liked this
jogiender liked this
aizatmarican liked this
balarcmt liked this
balarcmt liked this
balarcmt liked this

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->