Vande Mataram- national personification of motherland.
This song written by Bankim Chandra Chattopadhya, around 1876,and was incorporated in his novel Anandamath in 1882. It soonbecame the song of the emerging freedom movement in India.Popular usage gave it a special and national importance.In 1907, Bhikaiji Cama, created the first version of ‘Tiranga’ our national flag and it had Vande Mataram written on it in the middleband.The song was never sung as challenge to any group or community inIndia and was never considered as offending the sentiments of anycommunity. Infact the reference in it to all Indians makes it clear thatit was meant to apply to all the people of India. But politicians whose,only job is "appeasement" of Muslims will never understand this.This song and the words became symbol of national resistance toBritish Imperialism.Gandhi's response to the song changed and evolved with the times.On 2nd. December, 1905, in ‘Indian Opinion’, Gandhi wrote:"The song, it is said, has proved so popular that it has come to be our National Anthem. Just as we worship our mother, so is this song apassionate prayer to India."Later when Muslims disliked the celebrated song of Vande Mataram,the Mahatma stopped singing and disregarded the national sentimentbehind it. Gandhi even persuaded the Congress not to insist upon thesinging as the national song. What could be more demoralizing?Though a number of Muslim organizations and individuals hadopposed Vande Mataram being used as a "national song" of India,some Muslim personalities also admired and even praised VandeMataram as the "National Song.On 20
. October 1937, Nehru wrote to Tagore:"I have managed to get an English translation of Anandamath and Iam reading it at present to get the background of the song. It doesseem that the background is bound to irritate the Muslims ... I do notunderstand it without the help of a dictionary"This man became our first Prime Minister.The problems with the song are, more political in nature, than one of any religious belief. Vande Mataram is simply a national song withoutany connotation that could violate the tenets of any religion.