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51891292 Quantum Mechanics I

51891292 Quantum Mechanics I

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Published by Brijesh Bittu
Quantum Mechanics
Quantum Mechanics

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Published by: Brijesh Bittu on Apr 18, 2011
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Quantum Mechanics:
 A graduate level course
Richard FitzpatrickAssociate Professor of PhysicsThe University of Texas at Austin
 
Contents
1.1 Major sources. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
2.1 The breakdown of classical physics. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62.2 The polarization of photons. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72.3 The fundamental principles of quantum mechanics. . . . . . . . . 92.4 Ket space. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 102.5 Bra space. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 142.6 Operators. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 172.7 The outer product. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 192.8 Eigenvalues and eigenvectors. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 202.9 Observables. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 212.10 Measurements. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 242.11 Expectation values. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 252.12 Degenerac. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 262.13 Compatible observables. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 272.14 The uncertainty relation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 282.15 Continuous spectra. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
3.1 Introduction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 333.2 Poisson brackets. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 333.3 Wave-functions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 373.4 Schr¨odinger’s representation - I. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 393.5 Schr¨odinger’s representation - II. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 433.6 The momentum representation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 463.7 The uncertainty relation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 483.8 Displacement operators. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50
4.1 Schr¨odinger’s equations of motion. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 554.2 Heisenberg’s equations of motion. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59
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4.3 Ehrenfest’s theorem. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 614.4 Schr¨odinger’s wave-equation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65
5.1 Orbital angular momentum. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 715.2 Eigenvalues of angular momentum. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 745.3 Rotation operators. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 785.4 Eigenfunctions of orbital angular momentum. . . . . . . . . . . . 815.5 Motion in a central field. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 845.6 Energy levels of the hydrogen atom. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 865.7 Spin angular momentum. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 895.8 Wave-function of a spin one-half particle. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 915.9 Rotation operators in spin space. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 935.10 Magnetic moments. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 965.11 Spin precession. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 975.12 Pauli two-component formalism. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 995.13 Spin greater than one-half systems. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1055.14 Addition of angular momentum. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 110
6.1 Introduction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1206.2 The two-state system. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1206.3 Non-degenerate perturbation theory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1226.4 The quadratic Stark effect. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1246.5 Degenerate perturbation theory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1296.6 The linear Stark effect. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1326.7 Fine structure. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1346.8 The Zeeman effect. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1406.9 Time-dependent perturbation theory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1446.10 The two-state system. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1466.11 Spin magnetic resonance. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1496.12 The Dyson series. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1506.13 Constant perturbations. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1546.14 Harmonic perturbations. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1586.15 Absorption and stimulated emission of radiation. . . . . . . . . . 159
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