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Spain Apparel 2009

Spain Apparel 2009

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Published by Donna Marie

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Published by: Donna Marie on Apr 18, 2011
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04/18/2011

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Microeconomics
 
of 
 
Competitiveness
 
 Apparel
 
Cluster
 
in
 
Galicia
 
(Spain)
 
May
 
8
th
,
 
2009
 
Team
 
members
 
Gulcan Bozdemirstia OlivaJoaquim CriPablo JerezElixabete Larrea Tamayo
 
Selected 
 
Galician
 
designer 
 
sketches
 
taken
 
 from
 
La
 
Voz
 
de
 
Galicia,
 
www.mujeraldia.com
 
 ,
 
www.yodona.com
 
 
 Apparel Cluster in Galicia (Spain)
|
 
1
 
Table of Contents
1.
 
Country analysis
 
..........................................................................................................................
 
2
 
1.1. Spain at a glance
 
...................................................................................................................
 
2
 
1.2.Spanish economic performance
 
.............................................................................................
 
3
 
1.3.Cluster diversification of Spain’s economy
 
...........................................................................
 
5
 
1.4.Galicia at a glance
 
..................................................................................................................
 
6
 
1.5.Assessment of country competitiveness
 
................................................................................
 
7
 
2.
 
Galicia’s Apparel Cluster analysis
 
.............................................................................................
 
13
 
2.1.Evolution of the Galician apparel cluster
 
............................................................................
 
13
 
2.2.Geographic context
 
..............................................................................................................
 
14
 
2.3.Performance of the cluster
 
...................................................................................................
 
15
 
2.4.Industry trends
 
.....................................................................................................................
 
16
 
2.5.Competing locations
 
............................................................................................................
 
17
 
2.6.Cluster map
 
..........................................................................................................................
 
18
 
2.7.Galician apparel cluster diamond
 
........................................................................................
 
19
 
3.
 
Recommendations
 
......................................................................................................................
 
28
 
3.1.Country level recommendations
 
..........................................................................................
 
28
 
3.2.Cluster level recommendations
 
............................................................................................
 
30
 
End notes
 
...........................................................................................................................................
 
34
 
Note
: There are two team members from Spain (Joaquim Cristia and Elixabete Larrea) in the project team
 
 Apparel Cluster in Galicia (Spain)
|
 
2
 
1.
 
Country analysis
1.1. Spain at a glance
Spain is located on the most Southwestern part of Europe, in the Iberian Peninsula, bordering France andPortugal. Spain’s location has been historically strategic as main passage between continental Europe and theAtlantic Ocean.Recent Spanish history has been marked by four relevant periods. First, the 1970s marked the transition todemocracy, after Franco’s dictatorship. Second, the 1980s saw the consolidation of democracy after a failed coupd’etat in 1981 and Spain’s inclusion in the European Union in 1986. Third, the 1990s marked the deepening of economic integration with Europe, with the joining to the European Monetary Union in 1990 and with theconversion to the Euro currency in 2002. Finally, the 2000s are shaping a new period in Spain’s history after astrong economic boom in the first half of the decade, followed by an equally big burst of the housing bubble andglobal economic crisis in 2008.The country currently has 45.5 million inhabitants (9.1% of total EU-27 population
1
), almost 80% of which areCatholics. Spain’s main official language is Spanish but has three additional regional languages; Catalan, Basqueand Galician
2
.Politically, the country is divided in 17 autonomous communities or regions in which all of them have their owndirectly elected authorities, parliament and government. Due to the decentralized system in Spain the differentComunidades Autónomas (regions) have for example, the ability to manage their own regional education andhealth systems. Moreover, The Basque Country and Navarre can also manage their own public finances throughsome historical rights called “Fueros”. This level of decentralization generates some conflict between the centralgovernment and autonomous regions
3
.Because of its long colonial history, Spain has close ties to the Latin American Spanish-speaking marketsproviding advantageous bilateral economic and trade relations.

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