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[DOC] NECTAR Code: A Sample Calculation

[DOC] NECTAR Code: A Sample Calculation

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Published by: Syeilendra Pramuditya on Apr 18, 2011
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 NECTAR Code: A Sample Calculation
April 2011http://syeilendrapramuditya.wordpress.comThis short article describes a sample calculation by using NECTAR code [,], a Sodium-basedthermal-hydraulic analysis code, applicable for Sodium-cooled Fast Nuclear Reactors (SFRs). Thecode is freely available from Ref..The experimental data are taken from the work of Fontana et al. []. The characteristics of the test bundle is as follow:
Table 1. Test bundle characteristicsParameters
FluidSodium Number of rods19Heated length [mm]533.4Rod diameter (D) [mm]5.842Interior pitch (P) [mm]7.26P/D1.243Edge pitch (W) [mm]7.3914W/D1.265Wire diameter [mm]1.4224Wire axial pitch (H) [mm]304.8H/D52.17Flat to flat distance [mm]34.1Axial power profileUniformAxial peaking factor1.0System pressure [Pa]1.0132E+5Inlet temperature [K]588The selected case to be simulated is Run number 22472. A summary of test condition for this runnumber is shown as follow:
Table 2. Summary test condition
Run No.dT[K]Q [W]
q
[W/m2]
[m3/s]
m
&
[kg/s]2247288.33225251.7340E+63.4700E-32.8353E-01 of 5
 
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To perform the simulation, the test bundle is divided into 21 axial nodes, and there are 42 channelsin total.
Figure 1. Domain nodalization (21 axial nodes, 42 channels)
 Note that since the code assumes there is no communication between channels, and since the power  profile in both axial and radial directions are uniform, actually just three channels would be enoughto carry out the simulation (Figure 2), since there are only three types of channels based on their geometry (interior, edge, and corner channels). However, the simulation is carried out for full bundle, just to demonstrate the capability of the code. 
Figure 2. Interior, edge, and corner subchannels
2 of 5
 
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Comparison between simulated result and experimental data is made in term of normalized outlettemperatures along corner-to-corner line, channels 42-39-40-33-29-21-16-9-3-2-1 inFigure 1. Normalized outlet temperature is defined as:Eq. 1
,
* .
i inout avg in
T T
=
where
i
,
in
, and
out,avrg 
are outlet temperature of subchannel i, inlet temperature, and average outlettemperature, respectively. Average outlet temperature is then calculated as follow:Eq. 2
1,1
.
 N i i i iiout avg i i ii
T w Aw A
 ρ  ρ 
==
=
The result is shown as follow:
Normalized Outlet Temperature0.40.60.81.01.21.41.61.8-20 -15 -10 -5 0 5 10 15 20Corner-to-Corner Distance [mm]
   N  o  r  m  a   l   i  z  e   d   T  e  m  p  e  r  a   t  u  r  e
Exp. dataSimulation
Figure 3. Comparison of simulation result and experimental data
As can be seen fromFigure 3, the simulation result is very different from the experimental data, thisis due to the assumptions, approximations, and physical models employed in the code, as describedas follow:3 of 5

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