Indian Energy and Climate Change Status
India has great potential to accelerate the use of its endowed renewable resources to power its growingeconomy with a secure and affordable energy supply. The Government of India recognizes thatdevelopment of local, renewable resources is critical to ensure that it is able to meet both its economicand environmental objectives, and it has promoted this development through policy action.The Indian economy has experienced tremendous growth over the past several years. Energy, in all itsforms, underpins both past and future growth. For the Indian economy to continue this trajectory, Indianeeds to address its energy challenges, which cross all sectors and impact all citizens. Electricity
bothin terms of quality and access
is a key challenge.Th
e quality of the current electricity supply is impeding India’s economic growth. Issues such as voltage
fluctuation, frequency variation, spikes, black-outs, brown-outs, and other disruptions impact industrial,commercial, and residential consumers. The addition of grid-tied renewable power can help addressthese issues. The gap between the demand of customers connected to the grid and the availableelectricity supply reported by the Central Electricity Authority for 2009
2010 was almost 84 TWh, whichis 10% of the total requirement. The peak demand deficit was more than 15 GW, corresponding to ashortage of 12.7%. Closing this gap will be critical for India to achieve its growth targets, and renewableenergy has the potential to improve energy security and reduce dependence on imported fuels andelectricity while striving to meet those goals.
Much of India’s population is not experiencing the benefits of economic growth. The Government of
India sees the provision of electricity to all as critical to inclusive growth. It recognizes off-grid renewableenergy as a practical, cost-effective alternative to an expansion of grid systems in remote areas of thecountry.To be able to provide adequate electricity to its population, India needs to more than double its current
installed capacity to over 300 GW by 2017. Also, India’s demand for oil in 2015 is expected to be 41%
higher than in 2007 and almost 150% higher in 2030
needed primarily to feed a growing transportationsector. The Indian government is aware of the size and importance of the challenges and that successwill depend on structural changes in the industry and on new technologies and business models.Renewable energy is well positioned to play a critical role in addressing this growing energy demand forthe following reasons:
India has the natural resources.
:- India has abundant, untapped renewable energy resources, includinga large land mass that receives among the highest solar irradiation in the world, a long coastline andhigh wind velocities that provide ample opportunities for both land-based and offshore wind farms,significant annual production of biomass, and numerous rivers and waterways that have potential forhydropower.
Renewable energy provides a buffer against energy security concerns
dia’s use of its indigenous
renewable resources will reduce its dependence on imported, expensive fossil fuels.