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PSY 191 Abnormal Behavior Notes

PSY 191 Abnormal Behavior Notes

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Published by Ali TekBoi
First time I am uploading my notes before taking the test.

Lets hope I do good.
First time I am uploading my notes before taking the test.

Lets hope I do good.

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Published by: Ali TekBoi on Nov 29, 2007
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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09/06/2012

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Ali Kilinc 900235909Scribd.com/people/view/6555-Ali-TekBoi 11/27/2007
Behavioral Pathology:
 ABNORMAL BEHAVIOR
Criterion to Define Abnormal Behavior
Statistical Frequency – anything that varies from general, statisticalbehavior
o
Lower IQ ; Higher IQ ; Mild retardation
Subjective Discomfort – “How do you feel?”
o
Being depressed & Loss of interest
Maladaptive/Dysfunctional Behavior
o
Alcohol abuse & Drug abuse
Danger to oneself or others around you
Society [DSM-IV-TR] – Society determines what is considered asabnormal behavior
o
 Things considered “abnormal” can change in society, and do;they change constantly.
DSM-4 TR
Diagnostic tool used address psychological disorders
5 Different part called “
Access
es”1)Access
One
: List of all clinical syndromes and disorders2)Access
Two
: Refers to personality issues and mentaldisorders/retardation3)Access
Three
: General medical condition (ex: diabetes, cancer, etc.)4)Access
Four
: Current psychological and/or environmental problems(hobo {homeless person}, or recent divorce)5)Access
Five
: Global functioning ability – the ability to function and beproductive in daily life (ex: working)1
 
Ali Kilinc 900235909Scribd.com/people/view/6555-Ali-TekBoi 11/27/2007
Access ONE
Anxiety Based Disorders
Anxiety: an EXTREMLY NEGATIVE emotional statePhobia: irrational or unrealistic fear (unrealistic) from things generallyaccepted as
harmless
 
o
GAD (general anxiety disorder): anxiety as a part of daily life;experienced at all times.
Specific
anxiety reaction: anxiety attack that occurs and youare aware of the reason of the attack
Free Floating
anxiety: anxiety that occurs without the personexperiencing this, being aware of the source of the anxiety
o
OCD (obsessive compulsive disorder): must interfere with dailyfunctional ability and behavior. Possible inclusion of specific phobias.2
 
Ali Kilinc 900235909Scribd.com/people/view/6555-Ali-TekBoi 11/27/2007
o
Stress Disorders : occurs in two common forms(1)Acute stress disorder – comes on
very 
quickly and is
very 
 
INTENSE
and must last at least a month but does not tend to last longer thanthat.(2)Chronic stress reaction : {generally does not as intense as acuteattacks; but lasts
much
 
longer
} constant anxiety and attacks.Anxiety levels affect daily life, and sometimes this anxiety last forthe entire life of the individual.
Dissociative Disorder
– some aspect of you becomes separated or isolatedfrom the rest of you
o
Amnesia : some aspect of memories are suppressed subconsciously
o
Fugue : to “take flight” or leave. In the presence of EXTREME stress, theindividual leaves the problem or stress related area to anotherlocation, and goes away
o
Dissociative Identity Disorder [f.k.a Multiple Personality Disorder]:multiple human personalities being exhibited inside one individual.
About 3-5
: Number of documented cases
Heavy Trauma
: speculated cause
Somatoform Disorder
– the individual experiences physical pain andphysical discomfort when there are no scientific evidence and/or symptoms.Heavy stress ⇒ 100% Psychological pain
Psychotic Reactions
– when the individual loses contact with reality; inabilityto distinguish between what is real and what is not. Exhibiting delusions(false beliefs) and dysfunction.
Common Delusions
|key: = inability to think otherwise
or 
differentlyfrom this view|
Somatic Delusion (ex: brain is melting, stomach filled withconcrete {literally})
Erotic Delusion (ex: person is in love with you, wants to marryyou)3

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