Milkfish (Bangus) Floating Cage Culture Project in Dauis, Bohol.Philippinesby Edmundo Enderez – March 31, 2011I.Introduction
1.The program on Community-based coastal resource management (CB-CRM)is being implemented in order to develop the capacity of the coastal and fishingcommunities in resource management and income diversification. In Bohol, themarine fish catch showed declining trend (see Graph below) despite theimplementation of CRM program by different stakeholders. Intrusion of commercialfishing boats into the municipal waters of Bohol exacerbates overfishing and the useof illegal methods of fishing that degrade the marine fisheries habitat continues tobe a problem. This is attributed to the big demand for fish and other aquaticproducts. However, the lack of understanding on overfishing due to too muchfishing pressure and reduction in the fish carrying capacity of the sea due tofisheries habitat degradation, which reinforce each other, has led the fishers tocatch fish indiscriminately for as long as they make profits. The end result is thatthe present fish stock biomass is at much lower level which can only reproduce somuch fish population and the present capacity of the sea can only carry not muchtotal fish volume.
Source of data: BAS
2.The Map above shows that poverty incidence in Bohol is relatively high.Aside from the increasing demand for fish, it is the lack of employment other thanfishing that forced poor fishers to catch fish indiscriminately.3.In order to meet the increasing demand for fish and alleviate the poverty of the fisherfolk, there is really a need to let a significant number of fishers shift tonon-fishing economic activities. Just what like China and Vietnam are doing, thePhilippines through its Bureau of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources (BFAR) is earnestin developing the mariculture industry. The brackishwater fishpond industry which