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Table Of Contents

1 Introduction & Objectives
1.1 Introduction
1.2 Objectives
2 Literature Review
3 Experimental Setup
3.1 Engine, Conversion & Instrumentation
3.1.1 Engine
3.1.2 Natural Gas Delivery
Figure 1: Schematic of the natural gas delivery system
3.1.3 Instrumentation
Table 2: Pressure measurement hardware specifications
Figure 3: Block diagram of data acquisition setup
3.1.4 Electronic Control Unit
Figure 4: Experimental electronic control system setup
Figure 5: Simplified block diagram of WVU-ECU
3.2 Testing Facility & Equipment
3.2.1 Analyzers & Dilution Tunnel
3.2.2 Dynamometer
3.3 Experimental Approach
Table 5: Diesel and dual fuel test table
3.3.1 Analysis of In-Cylinder Pressure Data
4 Data, Results & Discussion
4.1 Diesel Operation
4.1.1 Diesel Steady State Test Data Using EEC-IV
Table 6: Averaged diesel emissions with EEC-IV (335 N-m & 580 N-m at 1500 rpm)
Table 7: COV(IMEPg) & ignition delay for diesel with EEC-IV
Figure 8: In-cylinder pressure vs. CA for diesel EEC-IV (1500 rpm; 335 N-m)
Figure 9: In-cylinder pressure vs. CA for diesel EEC-IV (1500 rpm; 580 N-m)
Figure 12: PdV/dθθ vs. CA for diesel EEC-IV ( 1500 rpm; 335 N-m)
4.1.2 Diesel Sweep Data Using WVU-ECU
4.2 Dual Fuel Operation
4.2.1 Dual Fuel Sweep Data Using WVU-ECU
Figure 27: HC - NOx Tradeoff (1500 rpm; 335 N-m; 900µµs FIPW; 11 MPa ICP)
Figure 28: HC - NOx Tradeoff (1500 rpm; 580 N-m; 900µµs FIPW; 11 MPa ICP)
Figure 29: Dual fuel efficiency vs. ADV (1500 rpm; 335 N-m & 580 N-m)
Figure 30: Dual fuel emissions vs. ICP (1500 rpm; 335 N-m; 4.75° BTDC)
Figure 31: Dual fuel emissions vs. ICP (1500 rpm; 580 N-m; 2.5° BTDC)
Table 8: Peak in-cylinder pressure for different ICP (335 N-m & 580 N-m)
4.2.2 Dual Fuel Steady State Test Data Using WVU-ECU
Table 10: Averaged DF emissions (335 N-m & 580 N-m)
Table 11: Gas chromatograph data showing %MHC
Table 12: Dual fuel COV(IMEPg) & ignition delay (335 N-m & 580 N-m)
Figure 36: Dual fuel P-V diagram (1500 rpm; 580 N-m)
Figure 40: Dual fuel in-cylinder pressure & HRR vs. CA (1500 rpm; 580 N-m)
Table 13: CNG/Diesel ratios (335 N-m & 580 N-m)
4.3 Comparison of Diesel and Dual Fuel Operation
Table 14: Emissions comparison of DF & diesel (335 N-m & 580 N-m)
Table 16: Comparison of diesel and dual fuel thermal efficiency
Figure 45: Dual fuel and diesel PdV/dθθ comparison (1500 rpm; 335 N-m)
5 Conclusions & Recommendations
References
Appendix A: Natural gas analysis
Appendix B: Natural gas control valve calibration
Appendix C: WVU-ECU Pinout diagram
Figure 48: View of the interface end of the WVU-ECU
Appendix D: WVU-ECU Wiring diagrams
Appendix E: PIC16C84 Code
Appendix F: BASIC Stamp II code
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Published by: patrickuche on Apr 18, 2011
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