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Reconnaissance Earth: 9-11 FBI Report 2003 02(Feb)

Reconnaissance Earth: 9-11 FBI Report 2003 02(Feb)

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Published by: ReconnaissanceEarth on Apr 19, 2011
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04/19/2011

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The 11 September Hijacker
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Cell Model
February 2003
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The
11
September Hijacker Cello Model
U! EXECUTIVESUMMARY
U! KeyFlndinrgrtsin
"Tire
11
September hijackers successfullyeluded the
notice
of US lawenio~rcemen_t and
intelligence asthey plottedto commandeerand usefour airlinersas weapons,but details
of
their
lives andactivities canbe usedto detectcells that
may
follow the 11September hijackersmodel.
It shouldbe noted,however, thatthe
1993attack
on the WorldTrade Centerand theMillennium
bombing plot--theprevious twomajor internationalterrorist operationson USsoil-used tactics that aredifferent inkey respectsfrom thell Septémhermodel, suggesting
that
future sleeper
cells 
will use
a
variety
of
measures to concealtheir" activities.
The
ll 
Septemberhijackers wereall MiddleEastcm menbetween 20and 33years of-age
who w0re"awastern style
of
dress and grooming.
~
The hijackers enteredthe USlegally andused eithertheir tmenames orvariations oftheir true names.Thirteen ofthe 19ihijackem traveledto theUS ingroups oftwo orthree--four
or theremaining sixwere thepilots.
< 92
~
Once in thecountry, thehijackers obtainedtypical USidenticationdriver licenses,state identication cards,and cormnorciallyavailable:rdocuments--likely inorder toavoid further
use of their passports.
~
The hijackers changedresidcnos Frequently.
~
The hijackers enrollmentat USflight schoolswas notin itselfnecessarily uncrommorn,but their focusduring simulationtraining onlearning onlytho skillsthat wouldbenefit theirmission
dlistlnguishcid themfrom typicalstudents.
The hijackers openedbank aocountsoltcnin pairs--withmoney eitherthey broughtlegally
into the US or wired from overseas.
* The.hijackers largelyavoided associatingwith radicalIslamic groupsin theUS, likelyin an.
effort to reduce thechances ofdetection by law enforcement.
&#39;
The l&#39;1i_l?1£El¬¬7I5&#39;GOII1IIlllIllCi!1iQrlS tcchniqucsifaoc-to~facemeetings, prepaidphone. cards,payphoncs,
cell 
phones, the Internet,and possiblycornrneroially availablemailboxes-made itdifficult to
trace thoiroperational rrornmunications, ~.
REQA #36-1 1&#39;_NQ_FQRN,X]!
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The ll.S%epte~mber HijackerCell Model bl
Sf/NF! Al-Qaldaleaders andkey 11September plotterssuch asUsama BinLadin, Khalid Shaykh MuhammadKSM!, andAyman al-Zawahiriprobably havederived lessons;from the activities andexperiences ofthe ll September hijackersand maybe relying
on 
them to plan
future attacksagainst theUS. |: E:I]
-
Thell Setemberi lotwas atleast twoyears inthe al-
P
P
Qafida operativecalling himselfUbaydah" claimedin avideotaped interviewin JuneZ002
that 31-Q&1&#39;l l3~S¬Hia reconnaissanceteam tothe UStwo _yearsbefore the1,1 Septemberoperation.
We haveno informationto conrmthat thisrqconnairssance operationoccurred orthat itcan
be tiedto thell Septemberattacks, butit isconsistent withal-Qaficla trad;er:raltthat callsfor
long anddetailed planningfor majoroperations.
~
Al-Qai.da has lostits campsin Afghanistanwhere theplot waslargely honedanti
the hijackerswere trained,but between10,000-2ll,0 lll potentialterrorists trainedin
the campsand al-Qaidalsnetworks incountries suchas Pakistan,Saudi Arabia,and
Indonesia leaveit with an amplepool ofpotential recruits for future attacks. U! Snapshot of the Hijackers
LES! Al-Qaidascriteria? inchoiosinrg the11 Septemberhijackers isunknown, butone ofthe most importantfactors probablywas theirability tonot arousesuspicion fromUS orforeign
intelligence andlaw enforcementservices.
~
The hijackers usedWestern-style clothingand groomingonce inthe US.
The hijsacikers. wereall MiddleEastern menbetween 20and 33years ofage. Manyof them
spent timein Afghanistanin eitherlate 19919or 2000,according toa varietyof rcportingi
~
Personal connections andfamily tiesamong thehijackers alsomay havebeen important;
among the1.9 weretwo setsof brothers--Waledand Wai1al-Shehriandiltlawaf andSalim al- Hazmi~and othersub-groupings inwhich individuals.appear tohave knowneach otherfor
years beforethe plot.
U! How They Entered the US
LES! The hijackers enteredthe
US
legally on valid visas--15 on
B1
tourist visas, threeon B2
business visas, and one on
F1 student visa-using their true names.
&#39;
Thirteen of the19 hijacl-torstraveled tothe USin groupsof twoor three-thefour pilots,
Mohamed Atta,Marv/an al~Shehhi,Haini Hanjour,and ZiadJarrah arenotable exceptions.
S%Tl1ORCON.NOFORN,X I!
REQ- #36-1
000000026
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