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COMPARISON OF STABILITY OF A SHIP IN THE LIGHT AND FULLY LOA

# COMPARISON OF STABILITY OF A SHIP IN THE LIGHT AND FULLY LOA

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07/01/2013

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COMPARISON OF STABILITY OF A SHIP IN THE LIGHT AND FULLYLOADED CONDITIONS
Figure 1 shows the metacentric diagram for M.V. Almar. As the ship isprogressively loaded from the light condition (draught 2.33 m) to the summer load condition (draught 10.20 m) KM decreases (with a slight increaseoccurring for draughts 8.60 m upwards).
Fig.1
KM = KB + BM
COMPARISON OF STABILITY OF A SHIP IN THE LIGHT AND FULLY LOADED CONDITIONS
1
M.V. ALMAR METACENTRIC DIAGRAM
0246810121416345678910Draught (m)KM, KB& BM (m)KBBMKM

KB obviously increases with draught whereas BM reduces as explainedbelow.
Fig. 2
The movement of B for any angle of heel could be calculated using:
BB
1
= v
×
bb
1
V
where:
is the volume of the transferred wedge;
bb
1

is the distance through which the centroid of the wedge hasmoved, and;
is the volume of displacement of the ship.At the
the volume of the transferred wedge of buoyancy (v) represents a
smaller part
of the
total volume

of displacement
of the ship (V) than it would at the
light draught (displacement).
Thus:
BM decreases as draught increases. For the normal range of operational draughts of a ship KM will generally decrease as draughincreases with a slight increase again at the deepest draughts as evidenced by the metacentric diagram for M.V. Almar (figure 1).
Figure 3 makes a comparison of the curves of statical stability for M.V Almar in the light condition and fully loaded condition assuming a constant value of KG. The dotted curve (
…….
) is for a lesser value of KG that would provide amore suitable condition of loading (as recommended in a loading condition inthe stability book on which M.V. Almar was based).
COMPARISON OF STABILITY OF A SHIP IN THE LIGHT AND FULLY LOADED CONDITIONS
2
Mbbb
1
b
1
BBB
1
B
1
M

Fig. 3
In terms of GZ values alone, for a given KG value the ship will become lessstable the more it is loaded, however:
RIGHTING MOMENT (t-m) = GZ (m)
×
DISPLACEMENT (t)
The righting moment curves show that the extra
weight
of the loaded ship willrequire more ‘work’ by the external forces to heel the ship to a particular angleof heel (figure 4).
COMPARISON OF STABILITY OF A SHIP IN THE LIGHT AND FULLY LOADED CONDITIONS
3
-1.0-0.50.00.51.01.52.02.53.00102030405060708090Light condition (KG 9.00 m)Load condition (KG 9.00 m)Load condition (KG 7.83 m)