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Oil Spills Power Point

Oil Spills Power Point

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Published by manindarkumar

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Published by: manindarkumar on Apr 19, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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12/06/2012

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Oil SpillsOil Spills
Steve D¶Amato, Yasmeen Fowler,Nicole Milano, Andrew SchackSteve D¶Amato, Yasmeen Fowler,Nicole Milano, Andrew Schack
 
T
hree Ways for Oil to Enter Oceans
T
hree Ways for Oil to Enter Oceans
Natural ProcessesNatural Processes
 ± ±Marine seepage: 20,000Marine seepage: 20,000--200,000 tons per year 200,000 tons per year   ± ±Sediment erosion: 5,000Sediment erosion: 5,000--50,000 tons per year 50,000 tons per year 
Standard OperationsStandard Operations
 ± ±Intentional discharge: 1,000,000 tons per year!Intentional discharge: 1,000,000 tons per year!
T
anker Casualties
T
anker Casualties
 ± ±200,000 tons per year 200,000 tons per year 
 
Environmental EffectsEnvironmental Effects
Natural properties of oil and water Natural properties of oil and water 
 ± ±WhenWhenaaspillspilloordumpdumpoccurs,occurs,thetheoiloilisisimmediatelyimmediatelyspreadspreadalongalongthethe surfacesurfaceof ofthetheoceanoceanrapidlyrapidly(density<(density<11))  ± ±WithinWithin2424hourshoursthethespillspillbecomesbecomes³weathered³weatheredor orexposedexposedtotothethe elementselementsof ofnature,nature,causingcausingaboutabout½½of ofthetheoiloiltotoevaporateevaporateandandoxidizeoxidize intointothetheatmosphereatmosphere  ± ±
T
he
T
he³weathered´³weathered´oiloilisisthenthenemulsifiedemulsifiedandandcondensedcondensedintointoaamaterialmaterial calledcalled
moussemousse
(density>(density>11))whichwhichthenthensinkssinksjust justbelowbelowthethesurfacesurfaceoof  thethewatewater  ± ±
T
he
T
he
moussemousse
thenthencollectscollectsintointolargelargerglobsglobsoofoiloilunder underthethesurfacesurfaceandand floatsfloatsininthethephoticphoticzone,zone,blockingblockingsunlightsunlight(thei(theirmeansmeansoof  photosynthesis)photosynthesis)totothetheorganismsorganismsthatthatlivelivetherethereandandcausingcausingthemthemtoto perishperish ± ±
T
he
T
he
moussemousse
thenthenfloatsfloatswithwithoceanoceancurrentscurrentsuntiluntilititreachesreachesaacoastalcoastal area,area,wherewherethetheglobsglobsoof 
moussemousse
breakbreakapartapartandandspreadspreadoveoverthethe coastalcoastalarea,area,severelyseverelydamagingdamagingthethenaturalnaturalenvironmentenvironment

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