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Koridor Vc - Vc Lot3 Studija Utjecaja Na Okolinu

Koridor Vc - Vc Lot3 Studija Utjecaja Na Okolinu

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Published by Santa
Projekat “ Autoput na Koridoru Vc”
LOT 3 – Dionica Sarajevo jug (Tarčin) - Mostar sjever
Idejno rješenje, Idejni projekat i ostale studije
STUDIJA UTICAJA NA OKOLINU (SUO)
Ministarstvo komunikacija i transporta BiH Feb.2006
Projekat “ Autoput na Koridoru Vc”
LOT 3 – Dionica Sarajevo jug (Tarčin) - Mostar sjever
Idejno rješenje, Idejni projekat i ostale studije
STUDIJA UTICAJA NA OKOLINU (SUO)
Ministarstvo komunikacija i transporta BiH Feb.2006

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Categories:Types, Research, Science
Published by: Santa on Apr 19, 2011
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J.V. C. LOTTI & ASSOCIATI – SPT 
 
 ____________________________________________________________________________ 
Bosna i HercegovinaMinistarstvo komunikacija i transporta
Projekat “ Autoput na Koridoru Vc”
 
LOT 3 – Dionica Sarajevo jug (Tar
č
in) - Mostar sjever
STUDIJA UTICAJA NA OKOLINU (SUO)
PROJECT No.:
176.A.001
 002/2006
ISSUE FOR COMMENTS
GOIC COLTELLACCI BARONCINI1 06/2006 GOIC COLTELLACCI BARONCINI234
revision date description prepared checked approved 
 
J.V. C. LOTTI & ASSOCIATI - SPT
 _____________________________________________________________________________________________________ Ministarstvo komunikacija i transporta Bosne i Hercegovine 02/2006Projekat autoputa na koridoru Vc, Lot 3 Sarajevo jug Mostar sjever Rev. 1Idejno rješenje, Idejni projekat i ostale studije
Studija uticaja na okolinu 
1
SADRŽAJ1.0
 
NETEHNI
Č
KI REZIME ...............................................................................................5
 
1.1
 
Svrha i cilj projekta .......................................................................................................................... 5
 
1.2
 
Ciljevi Studije uticaja na okolinu .................................................................................................... 6
 
1.3
 
Društveno-ekonomski zna
č
aj Projekta .......................................................................................... 6
 
1.4
 
Opis okoline koja bi mogla do
ć
i pod uticaj Projekta .................................................................... 8
 
1.4.1
 
Stanovništvo u zoni uticaja ......................................................................................................... 8
 
1.4.2
 
Klimatske i meteorološke karakteristike ..................................................................................... 9
 
1.4.3
 
Geologija i hidrogeologija ......................................................................................................... 10
 
1.4.4
 
Flora .......................................................................................................................................... 11
 
1.4.5
 
Fauna ........................................................................................................................................ 12
 
1.4.6
 
Zašti
ć
eni dijelovi prirode ........................................................................................................... 12
 
1.4.7
 
Buka .......................................................................................................................................... 13
 
1.4.8
 
Pejzaž ....................................................................................................................................... 13
 
1.4.9
 
Divlja
č
i lovstvo ......................................................................................................................... 13
 
1.4.10
 
Kulturno-historijsko naslje
đ
e ..................................................................................................... 14
 
1.5
 
Osnovni potencijalni uticaji na okolinu ....................................................................................... 14
 
1.5.1
 
Društveni uticaji (stanovništvo i naselja) ................................................................................... 14
 
1.5.2
 
Uticaj na kvalitet zraka .............................................................................................................. 15
 
1.5.3
 
Uticaj na geološku sredinu ........................................................................................................ 16
 
1.5.4
 
Uticaj na vode ........................................................................................................................... 16
 
1.5.5
 
Uticaj na floru ............................................................................................................................ 16
 
1.5.6
 
Uticaj na faunu .......................................................................................................................... 17
 
1.5.7
 
Uticaj na zašti
ć
ene dijelove prirode .......................................................................................... 17
 
1.5.8
 
Uticaj buke ................................................................................................................................ 17
 
1.5.9
 
Uticaj na pejzaž ......................................................................................................................... 18
 
1.5.10
 
Uticaj na divlja
č
i lovstvo ........................................................................................................... 18
 
1.5.11
 
Uticaj na kulturno-historijsko naslje
đ
e ...................................................................................... 19
 
1.6
 
Osnovne predložene mjere ublažavanja ..................................................................................... 20
 
1.6.1
 
Stanovništvo ............................................................................................................................. 20
 
1.6.2
 
Kvalitet zraka ............................................................................................................................ 22
 
1.6.3
 
Geologija ................................................................................................................................... 23
 
1.6.4
 
Vode .......................................................................................................................................... 23
 
1.6.5
 
Flora .......................................................................................................................................... 24
 
1.6.6
 
Fauna ........................................................................................................................................ 24
 
1.6.7
 
Zašti
ć
eni dijelovi prirode ........................................................................................................... 24
 
1.6.8
 
Buka .......................................................................................................................................... 24
 
1.6.9
 
Pejzaž ....................................................................................................................................... 25
 
1.6.10
 
Divlja
č
i lovstvo ......................................................................................................................... 26
 
1.6.11
 
Kulturno-istorijsko naslje
đ
e ....................................................................................................... 26
 
1.7
 
Sistem monitoringa........................................................................................................................ 28
 
2.0
 
UVOD ....................................................................................................................... 29
 
2.1
 
Osnove za izradu Studije uticaja na okolinu ............................................................................... 29
 
2.2
 
Zakonska regulativa ...................................................................................................................... 30
 
2.2.1
 
Direktive EU u oblasti zaštite okoline........................................................................................ 30
 
2.2.2
 
Me
đ
unarodne konvencije i protokoli ......................................................................................... 31
 
2.2.3
 
Okolinsko zakonodavstvo u Bosni i Hercegovini ...................................................................... 32
 
2.2.4
 
Standardi procjene .................................................................................................................... 35
 
2.3
 
Metodologija izrade Studije uticaja na okolinu ........................................................................... 39
 
3.0
 
OPIS PREDLOŽENOG PROJEKTA ........................................................................ 42
 
3.1
 
Generalni opis projekta ................................................................................................................. 42
 
3.2
 
Svrha i cilj projekta ........................................................................................................................ 42
 
3.3
 
Pozadina projekta .......................................................................................................................... 42
 
3.4
 
Podaci i prostorno planska dokumentacija razmatranog podru
č
ja ......................................... 43
 
3.5
 
Društveno-ekonomski zna
č
aj projekta ........................................................................................ 43
 
 
J.V. C. LOTTI & ASSOCIATI - SPT
 _____________________________________________________________________________________________________ Ministarstvo komunikacija i transporta Bosne i Hercegovine 02/2006Projekat autoputa na koridoru Vc, Lot 3 Sarajevo jug Mostar sjever Rev. 1Idejno rješenje, Idejni projekat i ostale studije
Studija uticaja na okolinu 
2
3.6
 
Ispitivane alternative i karakteristike autoputa ........................................................................... 45
 
3.7
 
Tehni
č
ki opis projekta prema Idejnom projektu ......................................................................... 50
 
3.8
 
Sistem odvodnje i tretman voda ................................................................................................... 59
 
3.9
 
Otpadni materijali i emisije ........................................................................................................... 60
 
3.9.1.
 
Opis radova ............................................................................................................................... 60
 
3.9.2
 
Upravljanje materijalima ........................................................................................................... 62
 
4.0
 
OPIS OKOLINE KOJA JE POD UTICAJEM PROJEKTA ....................................... 66
 
4.1
 
Stanovništvo i naselja ................................................................................................................... 66
 
4.1.1
 
Karakteristike ............................................................................................................................ 66
 
4.1.2
 
Stanovništvo i demografija ........................................................................................................ 66
 
4.1.3
 
Sistem naselja........................................................................................................................... 70
 
4.1.4
 
Pristup obrazovanju, zdravstvenim i drugim uslugama ............................................................ 72
 
4.1.5
 
Sektor ekonomskih aktivnosti ................................................................................................... 73
 
4.1.6
 
Stanovništvo u zoni uticaja ....................................................................................................... 80
 
4.2
 
Klimatske i meteorološke karakteristike ..................................................................................... 82
 
4.3
 
Geomorfološke karakteristike ...................................................................................................... 87
 
4.4
 
Geološke, inženjersko-geološke i geotehni
č
ke karakteristike .................................................. 88
 
4.5
 
Hidrološke i hidrogeološke karakteristike .................................................................................. 92
 
4.6
 
Tlo i poljoprivredno zemljište ....................................................................................................... 94
 
4.7
 
Flora .............................................................................................................................................. 137
 
4.8
 
Fauna ............................................................................................................................................. 143
 
4.9
 
Pejzaž ............................................................................................................................................ 146
 
4.10
 
Zašti
ć
eni dijelovi prirode ............................................................................................................. 149
 
4.11
 
Kulturno-historijsko naslje
đ
e ..................................................................................................... 149
 
4.11.1
 
Uvodno razmatranje ............................................................................................................... 149
 
4.11.2
 
Identifikacija kulturnih dobara u kontaktnoj zoni ..................................................................... 150
 
4.11.3
 
Arheološki lokaliteti ................................................................................................................. 152
 
4.11.4
 
Groblja, nekropole, pojedina
č
ni o
č
uvani nadgrobnici, sepulkralni spomenici ........................ 153
 
4.11.5
 
Graditeljske cjeline - kompleksi i ansambli ............................................................................. 154
 
4.11.6
 
Urbana jezgra, ruralne cjeline, aglomeracije .......................................................................... 154
 
4.12
 
Lovstvo ......................................................................................................................................... 161
 
4.13
 
Stanje komunalne buke ............................................................................................................... 166
 
4.14
 
Stanje kvaliteta zraka ................................................................................................................... 168
 
4.15
 
Infrastruktura ................................................................................................................................ 169
 
4.16
 
Ugroženost od mina..................................................................................................................... 175
 
4.17
 
Pokrivenost lokaliteta servisima za zbrinjavanje otpada ........................................................ 176
 
5.0
 
OPIS MOGU
Ć
IH ZNA
Č
AJNIH UTICAJA PROJEKTA NA OKOLINU .................. 182
 
5.1
 
Osnove za procjenu uticaja na okolinu ..................................................................................... 182
 
5.2
 
Socijalni uticaji (stanovništvo i naselja) .................................................................................... 187
 
5.2.1
 
Uticaji u periodu izgradnje ...................................................................................................... 187
 
5.2.2
 
Uticaji u periodu ekspoloatacije .............................................................................................. 190
 
5.3
 
Uticaj na mikroklimu .................................................................................................................... 192
 
5.3.1
 
U toku perioda izgradnje ......................................................................................................... 192
 
5.3.2
 
U toku perioda eksploatacije ................................................................................................... 192
 
5.4
 
Uticaj na geološku sredinu ......................................................................................................... 192
 
5.5
 
Uticaj na vode ............................................................................................................................... 193
 
5.5.1
 
U toku perioda izgradnje ......................................................................................................... 193
 
5.5.2
 
U toku perioda eksploatacije ................................................................................................... 193
 
5.6
 
Uticaj na zrak ................................................................................................................................ 194
 
5.6.1
 
Uvod ........................................................................................................................................ 194
 
5.6.2
 
Opis zaga
đ
uju
ć
ih materija i njihovi uticaji na ljude i okolinu ................................................... 194
 
5.6.3
 
Opis metodologije ................................................................................................................... 197
 
5.6.4
 
Rezultati .................................................................................................................................. 198
 
5.6.5
 
Zaklju
č
ci .................................................................................................................................. 199
 
5.7
 
Uticaj na tlo i poljoprivredni zemljišni prostor .......................................................................... 201
 
5.8
 
Uticaj na floru ............................................................................................................................... 205
 

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