element varies from employer to employer, but all programs should include every one of these elements.
1. Commitment from Management and Employee Involvement
The most effective workplace safety programs start with an authentic commitment frommanagement that makes safety a strategic imperative across the organization. Effective,comprehensive safety programs start with a management culture that keeps everyoneaccountable. Without leadership involvement and a commitment from the top, none of itworks. This level of commitment requires management to provide visible leadership incollaboration with employees to develop, implement, and continuously improve thecompany¶s workplace safety initiatives. In an effective program, management pursuesworker safety and health with as much vigor as its other organization goals.Employee involvement provides the means through which workers develop and expresstheir own commitment to safety and health protection, for themselves and for their fellowworkers. A program that is developed and implemented without employee involvement isless likely to have the employee commitment that is essential to its success. An effectivesafety and health program must meet the needs of both the company and its employees.
2. Worksite Inspection and Analysis
A variety of worksite examinations are required in this aspect of the program. The purposeof these analyses is to identify not only existing hazards, but also conditions andoperations where changes might occur that would create hazards.Lack of awareness of a hazard that stems from failure to examine the worksite is a suresign that safety and health policies or practices are ineffective. Effective managementactively analyzes the work and worksite to anticipate and prevent harmful occurrences,and encourages employees to point out hazardous situations as they occur.
3. Hazard Prevention and Control
Once hazards or potential hazards have been identified as part of the worksite analysis, thecompany must consider prevention and control measures. Where feasible, hazards should be prevented by effective design of the job site or job. Where it is not feasible to eliminatehazards, they must be controlled to prevent unsafe and unhealthful exposures. Eliminationor control should be accomplished promptly after a hazard or potential hazard isrecognized.
Taking a strategic approach to workplace safety not only helps make theworkplace safer for employees, it also results in operational and cost benefits for the business.
. Safety and Health Training