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Table Of Contents

1Broadband and Multimedia
1.1MULTIMEDIA NETWORK
1.2CONNECTION AND COMMUNICATION MECHANISM
REFERENCES
2Basic Mechanisms of Connection-Oriented Network
2.1BASICS OF CONNECTION-ORIENTED COMMUNICATION
2.2BASICS OF CONNECTIONLESS COMMUNICATION
2.3COMMUNICATION BY TCP-IP
3Connection-Oriented Communications and ATM
3.1TRANSMISSION METHOD IN ATM
3.1.1GFC (GENERIC FLOW CONTROL) *ONLYIN UNI
3.1.3PT (PAYLOAD TYPE)
3.1.4CLP (CELL LOSS PRIORITY)
3.1.5HEC (HEADER ERROR CONTROL)
3.2ATM ADAPTATION LAYER
3.2.1AAL TYPE 1
3.2.2AAL TYPE 2
3.2.2.1Packetizing the CPS
3.2.2.2Multiplexing the CPS Packets
3.2.2.3Timer for Cell-Construction Delay
3.2.3AAL TYPES 3/4
3.2.3.1Frame Assembly and MID Multiplexing Functions
3.2.3.2 Error Detection
3.2.4AAL TYPE 5
3.2.4.1Frame Assembly
3.2.4.2Error Detection
3.3PERMANENT CONNECTION AND SWITCHED CONNECTION
3.4.1CONNECTION ADMISSION CONTROL (CAC)
3.4.2USAGE PARAMETER CONTROL (UPC)
3.4.3PRIORITY CONTROL
3.4.4TRAFFIC-SHAPING CONTROL
3.4.6CONGESTION CONTROLIN ATM
3.5BEARER CLASS AND SERVICES
3.5.1CONSTANT BIT RATE (CBR)
3.5.2VARIABLE BIT RATE (VBR)
3.5.3UNSPECIFIED BIT RARE (UBR)
3.5.4AVAILABLE BIT RATE (ABR)
3.5.5ATM BURST TRANSFER (ABT)
3.6OAM FUNCTION IN ATM
4.1.3FORWARDING TABLE (ROUTING TABLE)
4.2IP ROUTING
4.2.1HIERARCHYOF ROUTING PROTOCOLS
4.2.2.1Distance-Vector-Type Protocol
4.2.2.2Path-Vector-Type Protocol
4.2.2.3Link-State-Type Protocol
4.3EXAMPLE OF ROUTING PROTOCOL
4.3.1OSPF
4.3.1.1Principle
4.3.1.2Link State
4.3.1.3Scalability and Hierarchization
4.3.1.4Aging of LSA (Link-State Advertisement)
4.3.1.5Content of LSA
4.3.2BGP-4
4.3.2.1Principle
4.3.2.2BGP Message
4.3.2.3Path Attributes
4.3.2.4Rules of Route Selection
4.3.2.5IBGP and EBGP
4.3.2.6Scalability
5MPLS Basics
5.1PRINCIPLE (DATAGRAM AND VIRTUAL CIRCUIT)
5.1.1BOTTLENECKIN SEARCHING IP TABLE
5.1.2SPEEDING UPBY LABEL SWITCHING
5.2LSP SETUP TIMING
5.2.2TOPOLOGY DRIVEN
5.3PROTOCOL (TRANSFER MECHANISM OF INFORMATION)
5.3.1MPLS LABEL
5.3.2LABEL TABLE
5.3.3LABEL STACK
5.3.4PHP
5.3.5LABEL MERGE
5.4PROTOCOL (SIGNALING SYSTEM)
AND SPONTANEOUS TYPE)
5.4.4LABEL-HOLDING METHOD (CONSERVATIVE/LIBERAL)
5.4.5LOOP-PROTECTION METHOD (PATH VECTOR/HOP COUNT)
5.4.6HOP-BY-HOP-TYPE LSP AND EXPLICIT-ROUTE-TYPE LSP
6Application of MPLS
6.1.1PROBLEMSWITH IGP
6.1.2SEPARATIONOF FORWARDINGFROM ROUTINGBY MPLS
6.1.3SOURCE ROUTING
6.1.5RESTRICTED ROUTE CONTROLLING
6.1.6SETTING UPTHE ER-LSP WITH RSVP-TE
6.2ROUTING TO EXTERNAL ROUTE WITHIN AS
6.2.1ROUTE EXCHANGEBY BORDER GATEWAY PROTOCOL (BGP)
6.2.2ROUTINGTO EXTERNAL ROUTEWITHIN AS
6.2.3SOLUTIONBY MPLS
6.3VIRTUAL PRIVATE NETWORKS (VPN)
6.3.1OVERLAY MODELAND PEER MODEL
6.3.2VIRTUAL ROUTINGAND FORWARDING (VRF)
6.3.3MP-BGP
7Structure of IP Router
7.1STRUCTURE OF ROUTER
7.1.1LOW-END-CLASS ROUTER
7.1.2MIDDLE-CLASS ROUTER
7.2.2.3Maximum Size Matching
7.2.2.4Maximum Weighting Size Matching
7.2.2.5Parallel Interactive Matching (PIM)
7.3PACKET SCHEDULING
7.3.1FIFO (FIRST-IN FIRST-OUT) QUEUING
7.3.2COMPLETE PRIORITY SCHEDULING
7.3.3GENERALIZED PROCESSOR SHARING
7.3.4PACKETIZED GENERALIZED PROCESSOR SHARING
7.3.5WEIGHTED ROUND-ROBIN (WRR) SCHEDULING
7.3.6WEIGHTED DEFICIT ROUND-ROBIN (WDRR) SCHEDULING
7.4FORWARDING ENGINE
7.4.1ROUTE LOOKUP
7.4.2DESIGNOF ROUTE LOOKUP
7.4.3TRIE STRUCTURE
7.4.4PATRICIA TREE
7.4.6ROUTE LOOKUPWITH CAM
8GMPLS (Generalized Multiprotocol Label Switching)
S/GMPLS
8.2GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF GMPLS
8.3SEPARATION OF DATA PLANE FROM CONTROL PLANE
8.4ROUTING PROTOCOL
8.4.1OSPF EXTENSION
8.4.2TE LINK ADVERTISEMENT
8.5SIGNALING PROTOCOL
8.5.2GENERAL LABEL REQUEST
8.5.3BIDIRECTIONAL PATH SIGNALING
8.5.4LABEL SETTING
8.5.5ARCHITECTURAL SIGNALING
8.6LINK MANAGEMENT PROTOCOL
8.6.1NECESSITYOF LMP
8.6.2TYPESOF DATA LINK
8.6.3FUNCTIONSOF LMP
8.6.3.1Control-Channel Management
8.6.3.2Link-Property Correlation
8.6.3.3Connectivity Verification
8.6.3.4Failure Management
8.7PEER MODEL AND OVERLAY MODEL
8.7.1PEER MODEL
8.7.2OVERLAY MODEL
9Traffic Engineering in GMPLS Networks
9.1DISTRIBUTED VIRTUAL-NETWORK TOPOLOGY CONTROL
9.1.1VIRTUAL-NETWORK TOPOLOGY DESIGN
9.1.2DISTRIBUTED NETWORK CONTROL APPROACH
9.1.2.1Virtual-Network Topology
9.1.2.2Design Goal
9.1.2.4Distributed Control Mechanism
9.1.2.5Heuristic Algorithm for VNT Calculation
9.1.3PROTOCOL DESIGN
9.1.3.1GMPLS Architecture
9.1.3.3Switching Capability
9.1.3.4Protocol Extensions
9.1.4PERFORMANCE EVALUATION
9.1.4.1Effect of Dynamic VNT Change
9.1.4.2Utilization
9.1.4.3Dynamic Traffic Change
9.2SCALABLE MULTILAYER GMPLS NETWORKS
9.2.1SCALABILITY LIMITOF GMPLS NETWORK
9.2.2HIERARCHICAL CLOUD-ROUTER NETWORK (HCRN)
9.2.2.1HCRN Architecture
9.2.2.3Multilayer Shortest-Path-First Scheme
9.2.3PERFORMANCE EVALUATION
9.2.3.1Scalability
9.2.3.2Effect of Multilayer Network Hierarchization
9.3WAVELENGTH-ROUTED NETWORKS
9.3.2.1DDWC Network with Simple RWA Policy
9.3.2.2Optical Route Selection
9.3.2.3Extended Signaling Protocol of RSVP-TE
9.3.3PERFORMANCEOF DDWC
9.4SURVIVABLE GMPLS NETWORKS
9.4.2WEIGHTED-SRLG PATH SELECTION ALGORITHM
9.4.3PERFORMANCE EVALUATION
9.5.1SRG CONCEPT
9.5.2SRG-CONSTRAINT-BASED ROUTING (SCBR)
9.5.2.2SCBR
9.5.3DISTRIBUTED ROUTING CALCULATION
9.5.4PERFORMANCE EVALUATION
9.5.4.1Shared Restoration versus Protection
9.5.4.2Effect of Bumping of Existing Backup LSPs
9.5.4.3Link Protection versus Node Protection
9.5.4.4Hierarchy
9.6DEMONSTRATION OF PHOTONIC MPLS ROUTER
9.6.1INTEGRATIONOF IP AND OPTICAL NETWORKS
9.6.2PHOTONIC MPLS ROUTER (HIKARI ROUTER)
9.6.2.1Concept of HIKARI Router
9.6.2.2HIKARI Router Characteristics
9.6.2.3Optical-Layer Management Characteristics
9.6.3PHOTONIC NETWORK PROTECTION CONFIGURATION
9.6.4DEMONSTRATIONOF HIKARI ROUTER
10Standardization
10.1ITU-T (INTERNATIONAL TELECOMMUNICATION UNION-T)
10.2IETF (INTERNET ENGINEERING TASK FORCE)
10.3OIF (OPTICAL INTERNETWORKING FORUM)
10.4ATM FORUM
10.4.1COMMITTEES
10.4.2FUTURE ACTIVITY
10.5MPLS FORUM
10.6WIDE PROJECT
10.6.1INTERNET AREA
10.6.2TRANSPORT AREA
10.6.3SECURITY AREA
10.6.4OPERATIONS/MANAGEMENT AREA
10.6.5APPLICATIONS AREA
10.7PHOTONIC INTERNET LABORATORY
10.7.1PIL ORGANIZATION
APPENDIX 10.1ITU TOPICS
APPENDIX 10.2IETF WORKING GROUPS
A2.1APPLICATIONS AREA
A2.2GENERAL AREA
A2.3INTERNET AREA
A2.4OPERATIONSAND MANAGEMENT AREA
Index
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GMPLS Technologies New

GMPLS Technologies New

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Published by Kabiru Ibrahim Musa

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Published by: Kabiru Ibrahim Musa on Apr 20, 2011
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09/27/2011

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