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Fuel Injectors

Fuel Injectors

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Published by: Muhammad Rashid Minhas on Apr 20, 2011
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12/26/2012

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FUEL INJECTORS:
A device for actively injecting fuel into an internal combustion engines by directly forcing the liquidfuel into the combustion chamber at an appropriate point in the piston cycle.An alternative to acarburetor, in which an air-fuel mixture is drawn in by the downward stroke of thepiston.
Explanation:
 The fuel injector is the last stop for fuel in your engine before it goes boom inside the combustionchamber. It is basically an electrically operated gate that opens just long enough to meter the perfectamount of fuel to run the engine. On one end of the gate is the cylinder where the gas is ignited, and onthe other end is a whole bunch of gas under high pressure. When your car's brain (connected to a MassAirflow Meter or MAF to take measurements) sends an electrical impulse to the injector, it opens thegate for an short burst of fuel.
PARTS OF FUEL INJECTOR:1-Fuel Filter
 
2-Solenoid
 
3-Plunger
 
4-Nozzle
 
5-Valve Spring
 
6-Injector Casing7-Plunger
 
8-Spring
 
9-Nozzle
 
10-Casing
 
 
1-Injector Filter:
Injector Filter is used to filter the fuel from small particles of dust.
2-Ring:
Made of rubber. Recommended for replacement when fuel injectors are replaced. Stops fuel leaks frominjector .
3-Spacer:
This spacer raises the injector housing 1/4'' above your throttle body and allows 15% more air flow intoyour engine. More air means more power.
4-Core:
The known injector includes a movable core defining at its top a seat for a return spring adapted toclose the fuel injection port.
 
5-Seat:
A conventional fuel injector has a needle housed movably in a body having at its bottom a valve seat onwhich the needle normally rests
6-Injector Solenoid:
A fuel injector solenoid includes an armature through which a high pressure fuel passage extends.Because the fuel passage is disposed within the armature, the solenoid can be made larger, therebypermitting greater armature forces to be developed.
7-Injector Plunger:
It is used to meter and deliver the metered fuel. These consist of barrel and plunger. The plunger isprecisely fitted to the barrel with very small clearance to form a perfect sealing to enable the smoothfunctioning of the engine.

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