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Bridge Design

Bridge Design

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Published by Abraham Mukokanduku

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Published by: Abraham Mukokanduku on Apr 20, 2011
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10/31/2012

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DraftCode of Practicefor theDesign of Road Bridges and Culverts
September 1998(Reprinted July 2001)
Prepared by the Division of Roads and Transport Technology, CSIR
 
i
FORWARD
This document forms part of the ongoing role of the Southern Africa Transport and CommunicationsCommission (SATCC) to coordinate the development and use of the Southern African DevelopmentCommunity (SADC) regional transport system.The stated objectives for the standardisation of regional roads and bridge standards and specificationsare:Achieve economic and technical efficiency in road transportation within the SADC regionthrough the provision of uniform roads networks at optimal cost.To provide the same quality of service throughout the region.To improve the efficiency of the road transport system by minimising road accidents.To improve the efficiency of the road transport system by reducing energy consumption andhence the unnecessary use of foreign currency.This Code is issued on behalf of the Southern Africa Transport and Communications Commission(SATCC) as a manual to be used in the design of highway bridges and culverts in order to achievegreater uniformity of standards in bridge loading and design throughout the SADC region. Whereassome deviations to suit local requirements may be necessary, it is important that the agreed standardsand design principles expounded in this document be adhered to.Although the Code is too specific and detailed to be strictly classified as a model code, this does notimply the necessity for rigid adherence to all its detail. In order not to retard progress it is desirable thatcompetent designers should retain the right of discretion to apply new and improved theories or methodsbased on proven research, provided that the reliability of the structure is not impaired thereby. It is theintention that this Code shall be updated or extended as and when required by the issuing of subsequenteditions.For any particular application, the specific interpretation of any part of this Code shall be subject to theruling of the responsible National, Provincial or Local Road Authority. The designer shall inform theresponsible authority of his intention to apply alternative or new methods not described in this Code.
 
ii
TABLE OF CONTENTS
LIST OF TABLES
.................................................................v
LIST OF FIGURES
...............................................................vi
PART 1: GENERAL STATEMENT
...................................................I
1.INTRODUCTION
........................................................1-11.1Scope............................................................1-11.2References........................................................1-21.3Units.............................................................1-21.4Notation..........................................................1-2
2.DESIGN PHILOSOPHY
...................................................2-12.1General...........................................................2-12.2Limit State Design Method............................................2-12.3Levels of Limit State Design..........................................2-22.4Limit States - Definition and Classification...............................2-22.5Other Considerations................................................2-3
3.ACTIONS
..............................................................3-13.1Definitions of Actions................................................3-13.2Qualitative Classification of Actions.....................................3-13.3Actions and Situations...............................................3-3
4.PROPERTIES OF MATERIALS
............................................4-1
5.GEOMETRIC DATA
......................................................5-1
6.DEFINITIONS OF DESIGN VALUES
........................................6-16.1General...........................................................6-16.2Design Actions.....................................................6-16.3Design Action Effects................................................6-26.4Design Resistance..................................................6-26.5Modification to Design Values.........................................6-36.6Verification of Structural Adequacy.....................................6-36.7Design Life........................................................6-4
7.ANALYSIS
.............................................................7-17.1General...........................................................7-17.2Methods of Analysis.................................................7-17.3Analysis of Resistance...............................................7-37.4Analysis of Stresses.................................................7-37.5Effective Spans....................................................7-47.6Model Analysis and Testing...........................................7-47.7Checking Procedures................................................7-5

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