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Belgium's Participation in the European Space Adventure

Belgium's Participation in the European Space Adventure

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Published by Bob Andrepont

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Published by: Bob Andrepont on Apr 22, 2011
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04/23/2011

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Belgium’s participationin theEuropean spaceadventure
 by
 Dawinka Laureys
HSR-29
February 2003
 
 
ii
I would like to thank most warmly those who agreed to be interviewedand without whom this article would not be what it is:
 Jean-Pierre Bolland from ETCA, Ambassador Marcel Depasse, Christian Derouck from MBLE, André Dumont from ETCA, ex-Minister Charles Hanin, Baron André Jaumotte, Professor André Monfils, Michel  Lorthioir from MBLE, Baron Alexandre Paternotte de la Vaillée, AlainStenmans, George Van Reeth and Jacques Wautrequin.
The present article is the result of a work in progress. The research is stillunder way. The gaps will be completed within the framework of a thesis. by
Dawinka Laureys
Graduate in history,
 Attaché 
of the Royal Academy of Sciences and the Arts of Belgium.Supervised by
Professor Robert Halleux
 Head of the Centre for History of Science and Technology, University of Liège.
Short Title
:
 HSR-29 - Belgium in Space
 
 Published by:
ESA Publications DivisionESTEC, PO Box 2992200 AG Noordwijk The Netherlands
 Editor 
: R.A. Harris
 Price
: €10
 ISSN:
1683-4704
 ISBN:
92-9092-538-8
Copyright 
: ©2003 European Space Agency
 Printed in
: The Netherlands
 
 
iii
Contents
1
 
The Origins of Belgian Participation in the European Space Effort
.............................
1
 
2
 
Belgium in COPERS and ESRO
............................................................................................
3
 
2.1
 
Belgium joins COPERS and ESRO...........................................................................................3
 
2.2
 
The Redu Station and ESTEC....................................................................................................3
 
2.3
 
Scientific Contributions.............................................................................................................5
 
2.4
 
Industrial Contributions to Scientific Programmes....................................................................6
 
2.5
 
The
 HEOS-A1
Programme.........................................................................................................8
 
2.6
 
Applications Programmes..........................................................................................................9
 
3
 
Belgium in ELDO
....................................................................................................................
11
 
3.1
 
Belgium joins ELDO................................................................................................................11
 
3.2
 
 Europa
Rocket Guidance Station.............................................................................................12
 
3.3
 
Belgium and the Question of a European Launcher................................................................12
 
3.4
 
The ELDO Crisis......................................................................................................................15
 
4
 
Belgium at the European Space Conference (ESC)
.........................................................
19
 
4.1
 
Towards a Space Programme and a Single Agency.................................................................19
 
4.2
 
The American Invitation to Participate in the Post-Apollo Programme..................................19
 
4.3
 
The European Space Conferences of 1973..............................................................................21
 
5
 
Belgium in ESA
........................................................................................................................
25
 
5.1
 
A Small Country within ESA...................................................................................................25
 
5.2
 
Belgian Specificities.................................................................................................................27
 
5.3
 
ESA’s Space Transport Programmes and Orbital Infrastructures............................................29
 
5.4
 
Other Agency Activities...........................................................................................................31
 
6
 
Conclusion
.................................................................................................................................
35
 

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