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Soil Pollution

Soil Pollution

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Published by Rajeeb Ahamed

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Categories:Types, Research
Published by: Rajeeb Ahamed on Apr 22, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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12/24/2014

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SOIL POLLUTION
 
 
Acknowledgement
At first, we take the opportunity to thank The Almighty. Then we express our thanks to our department and authorities for granting us such opportunity to make areport on ³
Soil Pollution
´ in this level.We are very pleased to accomplish the assigned task given by our respected courseinstructor Dr. Niaz sir. While completing this report we faced different problemssuch as shortage of time, information, data etc. But we have been able to overcomethe problems with direct and indirect assistance from our course instructor. We arereally thankful to him.Above all, we have to thank the people at AIUB who provided us with valuableinformation, gave us their valuable time and helped us in every way possible.Finally, we are pleased to complete the report on the given subject properly andrealistically.
 
 SOIL POLLUTION
Definition:
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oil pollution is defined as the build-up in soils of persistent toxic compounds, chemicals, salts,radioactive materials, or disease causing agents, which have adverse effects on plant growth andanimal health.
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oil is the thin layer of organic and inorganic materials that covers the Earth's rocky surface.The organic portion, which is derived from the decayed remains of plants and animals, isconcentrated in the dark uppermost topsoil. The inorganic portion made up of rock fragments,was formed over thousands of years by physical and chemical weathering of bedrock. Productivesoils are necessary for agriculture to supply the world with sufficient food.
There are many different ways that soil can become polluted, suchas:
‡
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eepage from a landfill‡ Discharge of industrial waste into the soil‡ Percolation of contaminated water into the soil‡ Rupture of underground storage tanks‡ Excess application of pesticides, herbicides or fertilizer ‡
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olid waste seepageThe most common chemicals involved in causing soil pollution are:‡ Petroleum hydrocarbons‡ Heavy metals‡ Pesticides‡
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olvents
Types of Soil Pollution:
‡ Agricultural
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oil Pollutioni) Pollution of surface soilii) Pollution of underground soil‡
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oil pollution by industrial effluents and solid wastesi) Pollution of surface soilii) Disturbances in soil profile‡ Pollution due to urban activitiesi) Pollution of surface soil

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