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ENEN Reactor Theory Content

ENEN Reactor Theory Content

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Nuclear Reactor Theory
Introduction
The "Nuclear Reactor Theory" course will be held in a modular way in the framework of BNEN and the FP5-project ENEN. The course comprises three parts of reactortheory and three laboratory sessions.
Time Schedule
Course: week 47 and 48; November 17 – November 28Monday 17 Tuesday18Wednesday19Thursday20Friday 21 Saturday22WelcomeAdministrativematterTH-I-2(WDH)TH-I-4(WDH)TH-II-2(JMND)TH-II-4(JMND)TH-II-6(JMND)TH-I-1(WDH)TH-I-3(WDH)TH-II-1(JMND)TH-II-3(JMND)TH-II-5(JMND)Free timeMonday 24 Tuesday25Wednesday26Thursday27Friday 28TH-III-1(EM)TH-III-3(EM)TH-III-5(EM)Lab 1(PB)Lab 3(SC)TH-III-2(EM)TH-III-4(EM)TH-III-6(EM)Lab 2(PB)Closingsession
Nuclear Reactor Theory Part I (W. D'haeseleer)
Session 1Review of Nuclear Physics (LAM, chapter 1)Interaction of Neutrons with Matter (LAM, chapter 2)Different types of neutron cross sections, center of mass coordinates, transportcross-section; the Doppler effect
This block effectively covers also part of DH chapter 2.
Session 2Nuclear Fission (LAM, chapter 3)Mechanisms of fission, fission fuels, cross sections of fissionable nuclei, theproducts of fission, energy release from fission, fuel burn up and fuelconsumption;Nuclear Chain-Reacting Systems (LAM, chapter 4)Multiplication factor, conversion and breedingDiffusion of Neutrons (LAM, chapter 5, § 5-1 to 5-8)
 
Interaction rates and Neutron flux, Current Density, Continuity Equation,Fick’s Law, Validity of Fick’s Law, Diffusion Equation, Boundary Conditionsfor the Diffusion Equation.
This block effectively covers also the sections of DH § 3.I, 4.I, 4.IV E, 5.I.
Session 3Diffusion of Neutrons, continued (LAM, chapter 5, § 5-9-5-12)Elementrary solutions of the Diffusion Eq, General Diffusion problems,Diffusion Length, Reciprocity Theorem;Neutron Moderation without Absorption (LAM, chapter 6)Energy loss in elastic collisions, Collision and Slowing Down Densities,Moderation of Neutrons in Hydrogen, Lethargy, Moderation of Neutrons forA>1, Nonmonoenergetic Sources, Fermi Age Theory, Solutions to the AgeEquation, Physical Significance of the Fermi Age, Validity of Age Theory.
This block effectively covers also the sections of DH 5.II A, 5.III, 5.IV A, 8.1 A,B1&2,C1, 8.III B1&2, 8.IV
Session 4Exercises
Nuclear Reactor Theory Part II (J.-M. Noterdaeme)
Session 1Neutron Moderation with Absorption and Fission (LAM, Chapter 7)different types of moderators, treatment of resonances, computation andmeasurement of resonance escapeSession 2Low energy neutrons (LAM, Chapter 8)Neutron spectra, interaction rates, reactor power, calculation of eta, diffusiontime, diffusion length, thermalisation time, measurement of some of those parameters.Session 3Fermi theory of the bare thermal reactor (LAM, Chapter 9)Infinite, homogeneous reactor, finite thermal reactor of different geometries,critical equation with practical applications, optimum reactor shapesSession 4Multiregion reactors, the group diffusion method (LAM, Chapter 10)One group, two group
 
 Session 5Multiregion reactors, the group diffusion method (LAM, Chapter 10, continued)multigroup, treatment of reflectors, measurement of critical reactor parametersControl Rods (LAM, Chapter 14)Control rod worth, one group theory, two group, central, excentric, ring of rodsSession 6Exercises
Nuclear Reactor Theory Part III (E. Mund)
Session 1: Transport TheoryPhase Space (DH-4.I)The Neutron Transport Equation (DH-4.II)Common Simplifications of the Neutron TE (DH-4.IV.B)The One-velocity Reciprocity Theorem (BG-2.7)Session 2: The Diffusion Approximation RevisitedThe P_N Approximation in the one-speed model (DH-5.IV, BG-2.6)The P_1 Approximation in the Energy Dependent Model(DH-4.IV.D, DH-8.III, DH-8.IV)Numerical Methods for Solving the Diffusion Equations (DH-5.II.B)Reactor Criticality Calculations (DH-5.IV)Session 3: Perturbation TheoryIntroduction (JL-15, DH-5-V)The One-Velocity Case (JL-15, DH-5.V)The Multigroup Case (JL-15, DH-7.V)Session 4: Nuclear Reactor KineticsIntroduction (DH-6.I)The Point Kinetics Equations (DH-6.I, BG-9.6)The In-hour Equation (DH-6.II, BG-9.2)The Inverse Method (DH-6.II)Approximate Solutions of the PK Equations (DH-6.II)Session 5: Heterogeneous ReactorsThe Thermal Utilization Factor (JL-11.2, DH-10.I, DH-10.II)A/ Diffusion TheoryB/ The Concept of Probability of Escape (BG-2.8)

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