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Published by: vegetarian on Sep 01, 2008
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IndustrIalIzed Cruelty:
Factory Farming 
The competition to produce inexpensivemeat, eggs, and dairy products has ledanimal agribusiness to treat animals asobjects and commodities. The worldwidetrend is to replace small family farms with “factory farms”—large warehouses where animals are confined in crowdedcages or pens or in restrictive stalls.
“U.S. society is extremely naive aboutthe nature of agricultural production.“[I]f the public knew moreabout the way in whichagricultural and animal productioninfringes on animal welfare,the outcry would be louder.”
Bernard e. rollin, Pd
Farm Animal Welfare,
Iowa State University Press, 2003
Hens in crowded cages suffer severe feather loss.
The TransformaTion of animals inTo food
Many people believe that animals raised for food must be treated well becausesick or dead animals would be of no use to agribusiness. This is not true.
Bernard Rollin, PhD, explains that it is“more economically efficient to put agreater number of birds into each cage,accepting lower productivity per birdbut greater productivity per cage…individual animals may ‘produce,’ forexample gain weight, in part becausethey are immobile, yet suffer becauseof the inability to move.… Chickens arecheap, cages are expensive.”
In a November 1993 article in favor of reducing space from 8 to 6 square feet per pig, industry journal
National Hog Farmer 
advised, “Crowding pigs pays.”
 Virtually all U.S. birds raisedfor food are factory farmed.
Inside thedensely populated buildings, enormousamounts of waste accumulate. The result-ing ammonia levels commonly causepainful burns to the birds’ skin, eyes,and respiratory tracts.
To reduce losses from birds pecking eachother, farmers cut a third to a half of thebeaks off chickens, turkeys, and ducks.
 The birds suffer severe pain for weeks.
 Some, unable to eat afterwards, starve.
Egg-Laying Hens
Packed in cages(typically less than half a square foot of floor space per bird),
hens can becomeimmobilized and die of asphyxiation ordehydration. Decomposing corpses arefound in cages with live birds.By the time hens are sent to slaughterfor low production, their skeletons areso fragile that many suffer broken bonesduring catching, transport, or shackling.
“For modern animal agriculture,the less the consumer knows aboutwhat’s happening before the meathits the plate, the better.“If true, is this an ethical situation?“Should we be reluctant to let peopleknow what really goes on, becausewe’re not really proud of it andconcerned that it might turn themto vegetarianism?”
Peter Cheeke, Pd
Oregon State University Professor of Animal Agriculture
Contemporary Issues in Animal Agriculture,
2004 textbook
Chick being debeaked.
1 Bernard E. Rollin, PhD,
Farm Animal Welfare 
, 2003.2 Peter Cheeke, PhD, textbook
Contemporary Issues in Animal Agriculture,
J Appl Anim Welf Sci,
2001;4(3):20721.6 USDA APHIS VS,
Poult Sci,
Inside a broiler house.Egg-laying hensin battery cages.

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