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Indian Aviation Industry

Indian Aviation Industry

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Published by Ajay Sharma

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Published by: Ajay Sharma on Apr 23, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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1. Overview
Air Traffic:
The Airport Authority of India (AAI) manages total 140 Airports inthe country, which include 18 International Airports, 122 domestic airports and28 civil enclaves. Top 7 airports in the country handle 70% of the passenger traffic of which Delhi and Mumbai together alone account for 50%.Passenger and cargo traffic has growth at an average of about 9% over thelast 10 years. 
Estimated domestic passenger segment growth is at 12% peannum. Anticipated growth for International passenger segment is 7% whilethe growth for International Cargo is likely to grow at a healthy rate of 12%. 
Privatization of International Airports is in offing through JointVenture route. Three Greenfield airports are getting developed at Kochi,Hyderabad and Bangalore with major shareholding of private sector. Thework on Bangalore airport is likely to commence shortly. Few selected non-metro airports are likely to be privatized.100% foreign equity has also beenallowed in construction and maintenance of airports with selective approvalfrom Foreign Investment Promotion Board. 
Air movements:
The total aircraft movements handled in October 2006 hasshown an increase of 19.4 percent as compared to the aircraft movementhandled in October 2005. The international and domestic aircraft movementsincreased by 19.4 percent each during the period under review. The reasonfor increase in aircraft m’ovements is due to increase of operation of smaller aircraft by airlines and the introduction of new airlines viz., Air Deccan insouthern region and international airlines (Air Canada, Polar Air Cargo, Qatar Airways (Freighter), Turkish Airways, Air Slovakia at IGI Airport with effectfrom October 2005. 
Passenger Traffic:
International and Domestic passenger traffic handled inOctober 2005 has increased by 15.4 percent and 6.7 percent over the periodof October 2004 leading to an overall increase of 9.4 percent. The totalpassenger increased by 9.2 percent, 7.6 percent, 8.9 percent and 17.0
percent respectively at five international airports six developing internationalairports, eight custom airports and 26 Domestic airports. 
Cargo Traffic:
The total cargo traffic handled in October 2006 has shown anincrease of 3.5 percent as compared to the cargo handled in October 2005.The international and domestic cargo traffic increased by 6.3 percent and 2.1percent respectively during the period. During the month of October 2007, 7346 thousand aircraft movements (excludesdefence & other non-commercial movements), 60.33 lakh passengers and 98.59thousand tones of cargo were handled at all the airports taken together.
2. History
The first commercial flight in India was made on February 18, 1911, when aFrench pilot Monseigneur Piguet flew airmails from Allahabad to Naini, coveringa distance of about 10 km in as many minutes. Tata Services became Tata Airlines and then Air-India and spread its wings asAir-India International. The domestic aviation scene, however, was chaotic.When the American Tenth Air Force inIndia disposed of its planes at throwawayprices, 11 domestic airlines sprang up, scrambling for traffic that could sustainonly two or three. In 1953, the government nationalized the airlines, mergedthem, and created Indian Airlines. For the next 25 years JRD Tata remained thechairman of Air-India and a director on the board of Indian Airlines. After JRD left,voracious unions mushroomed, spawned on the pork barrel jobs created bypoliticians. In 1999, A-I had 700 employees per plane; today it has 474 whereasother airlines have 350. For many years in India air travel was perceived to be an elitist activity. This viewarose from the “Maharajah” syndrome where, due to the prohibitive cost of air travel, the only people who could afford it were the rich and powerful.

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