Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Look up keyword
Like this
1Activity
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
mq1

mq1

Ratings: (0)|Views: 2|Likes:
Published by kb_scribd

More info:

Published by: kb_scribd on Apr 23, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

04/04/2014

pdf

text

original

 
Choose the right answer amongst the three:Q1.
Identify the chiral carbon in the molecule given bellow. Carbons are numbered inRED.A) Carbon 1, B) Carbon 3, C) Carbon 4
Q2.
Which of the following statements is wrong:A)
 
Low Reynolds number helps bacteria to swim in water.B)
 
Reynolds number of a man swimming in water is much larger than that of abacteria moving in water.C)
 
Reynolds number of bacteria in water depends upon the viscosity of water.
Q3.
Which of the following statements is right:A)
 
Proteins are polymer of nucleic acidsB)
 
Proteins are polymer of fatty acidsC)
 
Proteins are polymer of amino acids
Q4.
We have 10 molecules of a gas placed in a vessel having two bulbs connected with apipe (see the figure bellow). The gas molecules can freely diffuse from one bulb toanother. What is the entropy of the system when 8 molecules are in the left bulb (asshown in the figure). Consider, k 
B
used in the equation for entropy as 1 unit.A) 3.8 unit, B) 0.8 unit, C) 80 unit
Q5.
Calculate the standard free energy change for the following reaction at 20
o
C:
eq
Fructofuranose Glucopyranose K = 3
 The equilibrium constant K
eq
is given. Consider R = 1.9 cal/K. mol.A) 5.7 kcal/mol, B) -611.59 cal/mol, C) -428 cal/mol
 
Q6.
The high-energy phosphate compound phosphocreatine is used as energy reservoirwhen the intracellular concentration of ATP becomes very high. Calculate the
G’
o
valueof the reaction in which this compound is formed by transfer of a phosphate group fromATP to creatine. Given:
G’
o
for hydrolysis of ATP to ADP = - 30.5 kJ/mol and
G’
o
forhydrolysis of phosphocreatine to creatine = - 43.1 kJ/mol.A) 12.6 kJ/mol, B) -30 kJ/mol, C) 65 kJ/mol
Q7
. Do you expect that
G for ATP hydrolysis within a cell is usually more negativethan
G’
o
??A)
 
Yes, B) No, C) Can not comment.
Q8
. The oxidation of lactate to pyruvate in presence of NAD
+
 /NADH can be explainedby the following half reactions:a. pyruvate + 2H
+
+ 2e
-
lactate (E’
o
= -0.190 v)b. NAD
+
+ 2H
+
+ 2e
-
NADH + H
+
(E’
o
= -0.320 v)Calculate
G’
o
of the reaction. (One Faraday = 23063 cal/v
mol)A) 1000 cal/mol, B) 608 cal/mol, C) 5996.38 cal/mol
 
Answers:
1.
 
(B)Explanation: A chiral carbon is a tetrahedral carbon with four different groups attached toit. In the molecule given in the question, Carbon 2 and 3 are chiral.2.
 
(A)Explanation: Reynolds number is equivalent to inertial force: Viscous drag. A bacteriummoving in water has low Reynolds number. This means the inertial force is very low withrespect to viscous drag and viscous drag of water inhibits movement of the bacteriasignificantly.3.
 
(C)4.
 
(A)Explanation:Entropy can be defined as,
S = k 
 B
.ln(W),
where k 
B
is the constant and W is the number of equally probable states of the system. Here, k 
B
= 1 unit. Here, we can pick any 8molecules of the gas and place in the left bulb. This can be done in
10
C
8
= 45 differentways. So the system can have W = 45 states which are equally probable.So,Entropy S = 1. ln(45) = 3.8Some extra calculations:When 8 molecules are in one bulb, entropy is 3.8. Where as when we have equal numberof molecules in both the bulbs, entropy = 1. ln(
10
C
5
) = 5.5. This is greater. So the systemwill move from lower entropy, (8+2) to higher entropy, (5+5). This is nothing but theexplanation of diffusion of gas. Note that the (5+5) state is the equilibrium state. You cando further calculations and can see that maximum entropy is achieved at the equilibriumas shown bellow.
0123456012345678910
Number of molecules in Left bulb
       E     n      t     r     o     p     y
 

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
scribd
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->