The development of HVDC (High Voltage Direct Current) transmission system dates back to the 1930s when mercury arc rectifiers were invented. Since the 1960s, HVDC transmission system is now a mature technology and has played a vital part in both long distance transmission and in the interconnection of systems. Transmitting power at highvoltage and in DC form instead of AC is a new technology proven to be economic and simple in operation which is HVDC transmission. HVDC transmission systems, wheninstalled, often form the backbone of an electric power system. They combine highreliability with a long useful life. An HVDC link avoids some of the disadvantages and limitations of AC transmission. HVDC transmission refers to that the AC power generated at a power plant is transformed into DC power before its transmission. At the inverter (receiving side), it is then transformed back into its original AC power and then supplied toeach household. Such power transmission method makes it possible to transmit electric power in an economic way. HVDC Light is the newly developed HVDC transmissiontechnology, which is based on extruded DC cables and voltage source converters
consisting of Insulated Gate Bipolar Transistors (IGBT’s) with high switching fre
quency. It is a high voltage, direct current transmission Technology i.e., Transmission up to 330MW and for DC voltage in the ± 150kV range. Under more strict environmental and economical constraints due to the deregulation, the HVDC Light provides the most promising solutionto power transmission and distribution. The new system results in many applicationopportunities and new applications in turn bring up new issues of concern. One of the most concerned issues from customers is the contribution of HVDC Light to short circuit currents. The main reason for being interested in this issue is that the contribution of the HVDC Light to short circuit currents may have some significant impact on the ratings for the circuit breakers in the existing AC systems. This paper presents a comprehensiveinvestigation on one of the concerned issues, which is the contribution of HVDC Light to short circuit currents.