In recent years the industrial application of advanced control techniques for theprocess industries has become more demanding, mainly due to the increasingcomplexity of the processes themselves as well as to enhanced requirements in termsof product quality and environmental factors. Therefore the process industries requiremore reliable, accurate, robust, efficient and flexible control systems for theoperation of process plant. In order to fulfil the above requirements there is acontinuing need for research on improved forms of control. There is also a need, fora variety of purposes including control system design, for improved process modelsto represent the types of plant commonly used in industry.Advanced technology has had a significant impact on industrial control engineering.The new trend in terms of advanced control technology is increasingly towards theuse of a control approach known as an “intelligent” control strategy. Intelligentcontrol can be described as a control approach or solution that tries to imitateimportant characteristics of the human way of thinking, especially in terms of decision making processes and uncertainty. It is also a term that is commonly used todescribe most forms of control systems that are based on artificial neural networks orfuzzy logic.The first aspect of the research described in the thesis concerns the development of amathematical model of a specific chemical process, a pH neutralization process. Itwas intended that this model would then provide an opportunity for the development,implementation, testing and evaluation of an advanced form of controller. It was alsointended that this controller should be consistent in form with the generally accepteddefinition of an “intelligent” controller. The research has been based entirely arounda specific pH neutralization process pilot plant installed at the University TeknologiPetronas, in Malaysia. The main feature of interest in this pilot plant is that it wasbuilt using instrumentation and actuators that are currently used in the processindustries. The dynamic model of the pilot plant has been compared in detail with theresults of experiments on the plant itself and the model has been assessed in terms of its suitability for the intended control system design application.