April 23, 2011 2This summary table from the Metrorail report shows the propensity of office commuters and residentsin the areas around Metrorail stations to use Metrorail, other public transit, or their own automobiles.It specifically measures these propensities for those who live above an underground Metrorail and thosewho live at ¼-mile and ½-mile distances from the Metrorail station.The table makes two key points about the propensity to choose Metrorail or auto transportation:
Residents use Metrorail about 20% more than office commuters on average, no matter theirdistance from the Metro station. At a half-mile from the station, residents use Metrorail threetimes as much as office commuters.
Office commuters choose to drive with much greater frequency than their residentialcounterparts, up to half-again as much at the ½ mile periphery.Because these statistics are a linear regression from a dispersed data set described in the report, thelogical, but tenuous, extension of this finding is that, other factors being equal,
all space within a half-mile of a Metrorail station ought to be residential to maximize Metrorail use, minimize congestiongrowth and environmental damage, and reduce needed road improvement spending.
The general greater propensity of residents than commuting workers to use Metrorail in TOD areas isborne out for the specific case of the
Ballston Station area in the survey’s results for two office and two
residential sites there.
At the two residential sites (both about one-quarter mile from the station), respondents usedMetrorail 48% and 50% of the time while using autos 38% and 40% of the time.
Metrorail Mode Share as a Functionof Distance from the Station (Miles)
Auto Mode Share as a Function of Distance from the Station (Miles)