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Japanese Ammunition Leaflets Section G - Japanese Pyrotechnic Stores

Japanese Ammunition Leaflets Section G - Japanese Pyrotechnic Stores

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Published by BOUGAINVILLE1
Part of a series of the Japanese Ammunition Leaflets produced by the British Army during WWII at Kirkee, India. Based on Japanese ordnance captured in Burma.
Very in depth investigation with excellent detail on Japanese Pyrotechnic Stores.
Part of a series of the Japanese Ammunition Leaflets produced by the British Army during WWII at Kirkee, India. Based on Japanese ordnance captured in Burma.
Very in depth investigation with excellent detail on Japanese Pyrotechnic Stores.

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Published by: BOUGAINVILLE1 on Apr 23, 2011
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05/02/2014

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THISLEAFLETMUSTNOTFALLINTOENEMYHANDS
D.OFA.(INDIA)JAPANESEAMMUNITIONLEAFLETSSECTION
G
LEAFLET
G1
INTRODUCTION
Thereisverylittleinformationavailableonpyrotechnicstores,inspiteofthefactthattheJapanesemakemuchuseofsuchsignals.-Onereason.fortheverymeagreinforma-tionisthatonlysmallquantitieshavebeencaptured;thisispossiblybecauselittleimportanceisattachedtothisbranchofammunitioninviewofitscomparativelynon-destructivenature.Neverthelessallpyrotechnicsareapotentialfirehazardandmustbetreatedassuch.
j
2.ThisSectionisintendedtocoverArmypyrotechnicstoresnotincludedunderotherheadings;forinstanc50-mm.flareswhicharefiredfromtheType'89GrenadeDischargerarediscussedinLeafletD.8.Readersarethereforeadvised,iftheitemtheyarelookingforisnotinthisSection,tolookforitinanother.ThefollowingdivisionofthisSectionhasbeenarrangedprovisionallyandJ.A.Ls.willbeissuedasbelow:-G1-Introduction.G2-Rocket,Signal,Modification
1.
G3-35-mm.SignalCartridge•G4-Groundflares.G5-Type'934-cm..Signal'flare.G6-Type100Self-Projectingilluminatingflare.G7-Reserved.
..
'STANDARDIZATIONANDTVPES
3.AlthoughmuchJapanesea.mmunitionischaracterisedbyalackofstandardization,thereis,however,agoodmeasureofstandardizationinpyrotechnicstores.Theflaresandsignalcartridgesareofconventionaldesignanddonotshowanyoriginality'
Flares
:-'rhe50-mm.flaresfiredfromtheType'89dischargerappeartobethemostwidelyusedannmightberegardedasthestandardflare,
Oll
thedesignofwhichallothertypesarebased.
SignalCartridges
:-Onlytwocalibresofsignalcartridgesareknown
to
exist,25-mm.and·35-mm.Theyaresimilarindetailsofconstructionetc.Twosamplesof35-mm.signalcartridgewereexaminedatKirkeein1944,the35-mm.yellowdragonwithparachuteandthe35-mm.threeredstar.Theyarebelievedtobefiredfromthe10yearType35-mm.PyrotechnicPistol,andaremainlyusedbyaircraftpersonnel.Fur-therdetailsofthiscartridgewillbegiveninLeafletG.3.The2fi-mm.cartridgewillbediscussedinasubsequentparagraph.4.Inadditiontotheitemsdetailedabove,othertypesofflaresandsignalcartridgesareknowntohavebeenusedbytheJapanese,but
in
viewoftheveryscantyinformationavailable,theyhavenotbeenallottedseparateSections.Thesewillbebrieflydiscussedbere.(i)
25-mm.SignalCartridges.
FivedifferenttypesofSignalCartridgeshavebeenreportedfromAustraliansources,threefordaylightsignallinggivingblack,whiteoryellowsmokesandtwoforeitherdaycrnightWIthredorgreenflaresrespectively.ThecartridgesarefiredfromtheType'94VeryPistol,Type'97SignalPistolandtheType'97TriplebarrelPistol.Indesignand,constructionthecartridgesfollowthenormalBritishServicepatternandexceptfor
Ii.
woodenblockatthemouthofthecase,havenounusualfeatures.
.
-.....
.\.J
 
2
Thecalibre25-mm.isnotstrictlycorrectastheborediameterisreported
to
be26.5.However,itisconvenienttorefertotheseas
I"
or25-mm.cartridges.
(ii)
ParachuteSignalBall
:-Thishas
onlyrecentlybeenreportedfromAmericansources,andisbelievedtohavebeenusedbytheJapaneseinOkinawa,Thesignalballisacardboardsphereof4;inchesdiametercoveredbygreenpaper.Itcontainsapieceofsafetyfuze,asmallburstingcharge.sandballast,andaredorwhitepaperparachute.Thisparachute,withasmallpaperpackageofsandattachedtothebaseofitsshrouds,isprotectedfromtheforceoftheexplosivechargebypaperwadding.Acord2feetlong,issecuredtothespherediametricallyoppositethefuze.Presumablythepurposeofthiscordistofacilitateloweringoftheballintoatubeorbarrelwiththefuzepointingdownwards.Abagcontaining!-ozs.ofpropellantchargeandalengthofsafetyfuzeareprovidedwitheachsignalballbuttheweaponfromwhichthesignaliadischargedisnotyetknown.Ithasbeenreported,however,thatsheetmetalcylindersabout4feetlongandclosedatoneendhavebeenfoundnearthestoreofsignalballs.Asmallholeintheclosedendprovidedaccessforafuze.Themannerinwhichtheballisdischargedwillbeeasytofollow.(iii)
SignallingShell
:-ThisshellwasveryrecentlyrecoveredbyAmericanUnits.inIeshima.Inshapeitresemblesanelectriclightbulb,weighs6oza.andismadeintwopieces.Thelowerportionismadeof
a.
thinsheetofbrasswhichisformedintoaninvertedtruncatedcone,andsolderedlongitudinally,Thereisapercussioncapatthenarrowend-Abovethecapisasmallamountofpropellantandaroundthecircumferenceofthebaseareninegasports.Thetopoftheshellisahollowsphereofcompressedpaper2iinches
ill
diameterwhichcontainsthemaincharge.Thesphereispressedintotheopenendoftheinvertedcone,andissecuredinpositionbyagummedpaperstrip.Apieceofsafetyfuzeisattachedtothesphereandconnectsittothepropellant.charge.Themaincharge,2-ozs.inweight,occupiesmorethanhalfthesphereandismadeofanumberofsmallirregularpiecesofpowder,andafinergranuiat,edblackpowder.Abovethisisapapercontaining
It
ozs.ofironfilings.Separat-ingtheironfilingsandthemainchargeisathinlayerofcottonseedhulls.Athinredpaperispastedoverthecardboardsphereandablackpapercoversthebrasscone.Alabelpastedonthesideoftheshellgivesthedateandplaceofmanufacture.Themet.hodofdischargeofthisshellisnotknownbutpresuma-blyitisfiredfromametalcylinder,inthesamewayastheparachutesignalball.5.AnumberofAirandNavalflaresarealsousedbytheJapanesebuttheydonotfaitwithinthescopeofthisSection.NosketchesortabularchartshavebeenincludedinthisIntroduction,asititishopedtoissuethedetailedleafletsshortly.SectionG7hasbeenkeptinreserve,incaseitisdesiredtoissuealeafletonsomeotherpyrotechnicstoreatalaterdate.
HANDLINGANDTRANSPORT
(OfcapturedammunitionbyOrdnance)Pyrotechnicstores,beinggenerallyregardedasfireworks,andnotusuallyhavinganH.E.filling,areoftenneglected,althoughinhandlingandtransport,reasonablecaremustbeexercisedastheytooareJivestoresandmaycontainalargeamountofexplosivecharge.Allpyrotechnicsareapotentialfirehazardandmustbetreatedwithcare.Infact,someexplodequiteviolentlyiftheyarefiredafterbeingsubjectedtoadversestorageconditionsoriftheyburninaconfinedspace.
If
misfiredorunserviceableflaresorsignalcartridgesarefound,noimmediatedangerisenvisagedbutitisadvisiblethattheseshouldbedisposedofbyburningorbydumpingindeepwater.TheprocedurelaiddowninR.A.OS.Part8PamphletNo.12shouldbefollowed.
O.
1.
Amn.,
Kirkee,
Pi'l'stbJsrue.Ist.
Feb1'1ut1'Y
19-16.
 
Restricted.
THISLEAFLETMUST
NOT
FALL
INTO
ENEMYHANDS
D.OFA.(INDIA)JAPANESEAMMUNITIONLEAFLETSSECTION
'G
LEAFLET
G2
ROCKET,SIGNAL,MODIFICATION
I.
GENERAL
SofarasisknownthisrockethasnotbeenencounteredintheBurmatheatre.andnosamplehasbeenreceivedforexaminationatKirkee.ThisLeafletisbasedon
Munif.ions
SupplyLaboratoriesReportNo.130,issuedbythoMinistryof
Munitions,
Australia.
DESCRIPTION
2.Thegeneralconstructionoftherocketwillbeclear
from-the
sketchattheondofthisLeaflet.,Itwillbeseentha.titisverysimilartotheBritishRocketSignal,I-Lb.,Mk.3,andisprobablyusedforthesamepurpose,thatisdayandnightsignalling.Forpurpososofdescriptionitwillbeconvenienttodividetherocketinto2mainparts:-(i)TheCardboardCase'containingthepropellantcharge.(ii)TheRocketHeadcontaining16stars,3.
TheCardboardCase
:-Thisconsistsofarolledpapertube,chokedatthelowerendtoformavent.Thepropellant,whichconsistsofG.P.,ispressedinto'itsoastoformaconicalcavityinthecentre.Apieceofquickmatchisattachedtotheinsideofthecasebelowtheventandashortlengthofitprotrudesthroughthevent
into-
thecavity.Theremainderiscoileduplooselybetweentheventandtheremovableplugand,whenuncoiled:servesasawickigniter.Abovethepropellantchargeisaprimedpaperdisc,to

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