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MAKALAH IKM

MAKALAH IKM

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Published by linda_ola84

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Published by: linda_ola84 on Apr 24, 2011
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05/17/2013

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KONSEP PHCNAMA KELOMPOK :1.
 
 ADELBERTHA BERKANIS2.
 
 AURELIANI MUSTIKA3.
 
 ADRIANA PUSPADEWI4.
 
 AMERENSIANA DAI5.
 
 ANASTASIA HERO6.
 
 ARIANDA BANO7.
 
CRISTANTI M LULU8.
 
ENDAH SUCI RAHAYU9.
 
EVA KUSRINI10.
 
EMILIANA LUANG11.
 
FARYANI12.
 
FRANSISCA K MAUWEA13.
 
HELENA NATHAN14.
 
IRMELINDA S . SY 15.
 
INTAN KAPITAN16.
 
KAMARIA AHMAD17.
 
KURNIA BANI18.
 
MARCELINA OLA19.
 
MARIA GEGO20.
 
MARIA HADELMIS
Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Kesehatan Citra Husada Mandiri Kupang
 
2010/2011
 
LATAR BELAKANG PHC1.
 
Hasil pengkajian pemikiran,pengalaman dalam pembangunan kesehatan dibanyaknegara2.
 
Awal 1950-an,kampanye massal pemberantas penyakit dalam menanggulangi TBC,campak , diare forum internasional menekankan pentingnya aspek sosial kesehatandalam pemberantas penyakit.3.
 
Tahun 1960-an teknologi kuratif dan preventif dalam infrastruktur pelayanan sampaike garis depan ( grass root )
 
 
 PHC (Primary Health Care) Pada tahun 1978, dalam konferensi Alma Alta ditetapkan prinsip- prinsip Primary Health Care sebagai pendekatan atau strategi global  guna mencapai kesehatan bagi semua. Lima prinsip dasar Primary Health Care meliputi tiga unsure utama yaitu: upaya dasar kesehatan, peran serta masyarakat dan kerjasama lintas sektoral, sebagai berikut:1.
 
 Pemerataan upaya kesehatan;2.
 
 Penekanan pada upaya preventif;3.
 
 Penggunaan teknologi tepat guna dalam upayakesehatan;4.
 
 Peran serta masyarakat dalam semangat kemandirian;5.
 
 Kerjasama lintas sektoral dalam membangunkesehatan Pengertian Primary Health Care, menurut deklarasi Alma Alta 1978,adalah sebagai berikut:
y
 
³
 Primary Health Care is essential health care, based on practical, scientifically sound socially acceptable methods and technology made universally accessible to individuals and  families in the community, through their full participation and at a cost that the community and the country can afford to maintainat every stage of their development, in the spirit of self relianceand self determination´
y
 
³I 
t forms and integral part both of the country¶s health system,of which it is the central function and its main focus, and of theoverall social and economic development of the community.
 I 
t isthe first level of contact of individuals, the family and communitywith the national health system bringing health care as close as possible to where people live and work, and constitutes the first element of a continuing health care process´.

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