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Mechanical Paper i Conventional - IES 2010 Question Paper

Mechanical Paper i Conventional - IES 2010 Question Paper

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Published by Aditya Kumar

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Published by: Aditya Kumar on Apr 24, 2011
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12/18/2012

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...ril.Q.;
81.No.
~"~~,,,~,
BDlineeUD&
Service
Examination
22782
A-GUG-K-NFA
MECHANICALENGINEERING
Paper-I(Conventional)
I
TimeAllowed:
ThreeHours
II
MaximumMarks200
I
INSTRUCTIONS
Candidatesshouldattempt
any
FIVEquestions.Eachquestioncarries40marks.Thenumberofmarkscarried
by
eachsubdivisionofaquestionisindicatedattheend
of
thesubdivision.Answers
must
bewrittenonlyin
ENGLISH.
Assumesuitabledata,ifnecessary,andindicatethesameclearly.Forair,
R
=
0'287kJ/kg-K,
C
p;;;;
1'005
kJ/kg-K,
Y
=
L:4,
M
=
28·966
kg/kg-mole.Unlessotherwiseindicated,symbolsandnotationshavetheirusualmeanings.
1.
(a)
10
kgofpureiceat
-10°C
isseparatedfrom6kgofpurewaterat
+10°C
inanadiabaticchamberusingathinadiabaticmembrane.Uponruptureofthemem-brane,iceandwatermixuniformlyatconstantpressure.Atthispressure,themeltingtemperatureoficeis0
°C
and/14[P.T.O.
L
Downloadedfrom
FaaDolEnineerS.col
 
thelatentheatofmeltingis335kJ/kg.Themeanspecificheatatconstantpressureforiceandwaterarerespec-tively2'1
kJ
/kg-Kand4·2
kJ
/kg-K_
(i)
Sketchthesystemsbeforeandaftermixing.
(ii)
Whatisthefinalequilibriumtemperatureofthesystemafterthe
.completionof
the
mixing
process?
(iii)
Estimatethechangeofentropyof
theuniversedue
to
the
mixing.
(iv)
Is
thefmalphaseofthe
systemsolid
ice,
liquid
waterorice-watermixture?10
(b)
Aninventor
claims
to
havedeveloped
a
devicerequiringnoenergytransfer
by
heat
orwork,
yet
ableto
producehot
andcold
streams
ofairfroma
single
streamof
air
at
an
intermediatetemperature.Steady-statetestdataprovided
by
theinventorindicatethattheairentersthedeviceatapressureandtemperature,respectivelyof5bars
and39°Cand
leavesthe
deviceas
cold
airstream
at
-21°C
andas
hotair-streamat
79°C
eachatapressure
of
1bar.Further,itisalsonotedthat
400/0
ofthemassofairisenteringthedeviceascoldstream.Neglecting
any
changesinkineticandpotentialenergiesofthe
streams
atinletandexitsectionsandusingidealgasmodelwithC
p
and
R
forair,respectively
at
1-005kJ
/kg-K
and0·287kJ/kg-K,evaluatetheclaimusingenergyandentropybalances.Sketchthedeviceasacontrolvolume.10
A-GUG-K-NFA/142
Downloadedfrom
FaaDooEngineers.col
-
 
(c)
UsingMaxwell'srelationsandthethermodynamicdefinitionsforC
p
and
C
v
intermsofgradients,showthefollowing:
Ii)
Tds
=
c.ar
+
T(~~
)/V
;:c.ar-
T
(av)
dp
aT
p
(ii)
Joule-Thomsoncoefficient
~j;:
_1
[T(
av)_
v]
C
p
sr
p
(iii)
Thereisnochange
in
temperaturewhen
an
ideal
gas
ismadetoundergoJoule-Thomsonexpansion.
10
(d)
Describethestep-by-stepproceduretoexperimentallydeterminethecalorificvalueofasolidfuelusmgbombcalorimeter.Draw
a
sectional
view
of
the
calorimeter.10
2.
(a)
A
four-cylinderengineof
an
automobile
is
convertedto
run
onpropane
(C
3
H
sl
fuel.
A
dry
analysis
ofengine
exhaust
givesvolumetricpercentageofCO,CO
2
and
02'
respectivelyat
9'79%,
4·900/0
and2'45%.
Write
the
resultingchemicalreactionandfindtheequivalenceratio.
10
(b)
Thesparkplugisfixedat18°beforetopdeadcentre(TDC)inan
SI
enginerunningat1800r.p.m.
It
takes
ofrotationtostartcombustion
and
getintoflamepropagationmode.Flameterminationoccursat12°afterTDC.
A-GUG-K-NFA/14
3
[P.T.O.
Downloadedfrom
FaaDolEngineers.col

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