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Published by Karan Mangla

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Published by: Karan Mangla on Apr 24, 2011
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245 C:\ChemistryXI\Answers\Answers-(1).pmd, 18.1.6, 19.1.5, 25.1.6
245 ANSWERS
UNIT 1
1.17~ 15 × 10
 –4
g , 1.25 × 10
 –4
1.18(i)4.8
×
10
 –3
(ii)2.34
×
10
 –5
(iii)8.008
×
10
 –3
(iv)5.000
×
10
 –2
(v)6.0012
×
10
 –0
1.19(i)2(ii)3(iii)4(iv)3(v)4(vi)51.20(i)34.2(ii)10.4(iii)0.0460(iv)28101.21(a)law of multiple proportion(b)(i) Ans : (10
6
mm, 10
15
pm)(ii) Ans : (10
6
kg, 10
9
ng)(iii) Ans : (10– 
3
L, 10– 
3
dm
3
)1.226.00
×
10
 –1
m
=
0.600 m1.23(i)B is limiting(ii)A is limiting(iii)Stoichiometric mixture –No(iv)B is limiting(v)A is limiting1.24(i)2571 g(ii)428.5g(iii)Hydrogen will remain unreacted; 571.5 g1.26Ten volumes1.27(i)2.87
×
10
 –11
pm(ii)1.515
×
10
 –5
s(iii)2.5365
×
10
 –2
kg1.301.99265
×
10
 –23
g1.31(i)3(ii)4(iii)41.3239.948 g mol
 –1
1.33(i)3.131 × 10
 –25
atoms(ii)13 atoms(iii)7.8286 × 10
 –24
atoms1.34Empirical formula CH, molar mass 22.0 g mol
 –1
, molecular formula C
2
H
2
1.350.94 g CaCO
3
1.368.40 g HCl
UNIT 2
2.1(i)1.099 × 10
27 
electrons(ii)5.48 × 10
 –7
kg, 9.65 × 10
4
C2.2(i)6.022 × 10
24
electrons(ii)(a) 2.4088 × 10
21
neutrons(b) 4.0347 × 10
 –6
kg(iii)(a) 1.2044 × 10
22
protons(b) 2.015 × 10
 –5
kg2.37,6: 8,8: 12,12: 30,26: 50, 382.4(i)Cl(ii)U(iii)Be2.55.17 × 10
14
s
 –1
, 1.72 × 10
6
m
 –1
2.6(i)1.988 × 10
 –18
J(ii)3.98 × 10
 –15
 J
 Answer to Some Selected Problems
 
246 C:\ChemistryXI\Answers\Answers-(1).pmd, 18.1.6, 19.1.5, 25.1.6
246CHEMISTR
2.76.0 × 10
 –2
m, 5.0 × 10
9
s
 –1
and 16.66 m
 –1
2.82.012 × 10
16
photons2.9(i) 4.97 × 10
 –19
J (3.10 eV);(ii)0.97 eV(iii)5.84 × 10
5
m
 
s
 –1
2.10494 kJ mol
 –1
2.117.18 × 10
19
s
 –1
2.124.41 × 10
14
s
 –1
, 2.91 × 10
 –19
 J2.13486 nm2.148.72 × 10
 –20
 J2.1515 emmission lines2.16(i)8.72 × 10
 –20
 J(ii)1.3225 nm2.171.523 × 10
6
m
 –1
2.182.08 × 10
 –11
ergs, 956
Å
2.193647
Å
2.203.55 × 10
 –11
m2.218967
Å
2.22N
+
, Mg
2+
, Ca 
2+
; Ar, S
2– 
and K 
+
2.23(i) (a) 1s
2
(b) 1s
2
2s
2
2p
6
; (c) 1s
2
2s
2
2p
6
(d) 1s
2
2s
2
2p
6
2.24n = 52.25n = 3;
= 2; m
= –2, –1, 0, +1, +2 (any one value)2.26(i) 29 protons2.271, 2, 152.28(i)
m
0011,0,+122,1,0,+1,+2(ii)
= 2; m
1
=–2, –1,0,+1,+2(iii)2
, 2
 p 
2.29(a)1
, (b) 3
 p 
, (c) 4
and (d) 4
 f 
2.30(a), (c) and (e) are not possible2.31(a)16 electrons (b) 2 electrons2.33
= 2 to n = 12.348.72 × 10
 –18
 J2.351.33 × 10
9
2.366 nm2.37(a)1.3 × 10
4
pm(b)1.23 × 10
6
2.3815632.3982.40More number of K–particles will pass as the nucleus of the lighter atoms is small,smaller number of K–particles will be deflected as a number of positve charges isless than on the lighter nuclei.2.41For a given element the number of prontons is the same for the isotopes, whereasthe mass number can be different for the given atomic number.2.42
3581
Br 
 
247 C:\ChemistryXI\Answers\Answers-(1).pmd, 18.1.6, 19.1.5, 25.1.6
247 ANSWERS
2.43
37 117
Cl
2.44
56 326
Fe
+
2.45Cosmic rays < X–rays < amber colour < microwave < FM2.463.3 × 10
7
J2.47(a)4.87 × 10
14
s
 –1
(b)9.0 × 10
9
m(c)32.27 × 10
 –20
J(d)6.2 × 10
18
2.48102.498.828 × 10
 –10
J2.503.46 × 10
 –22
J2.51(a)652 nm(b)4.598 ×10
14
s
 –1
(c)3.97 × 10
 –13
J, 9.33 × 10
8
ms
 –1
2.534.3 e2.547.6 × 10
3
eV 2.55infrared, 52.56453 pm2.57400 pm2.589.89 ms
 –1
2.59332 pm2.601.51 × 10
 –27
m2.61Can not be defined as the actual magnitude is smaller than uncertainity.2.62(v) < (ii) = (iv) < (vi) = (iii) < (i)2.634
 p 
2.64(i)2
(ii)4
(iii)3
 p 
2.65Si2.66(a)3(b)2(c)6(d)4(e)zero2.6716
UNIT 5
5.12.5 ba5.20.8 ba5.470 g/mol5.5M
B
= 4M
 A 
5.6202.5 m5.78.314 × 10
4
Pa 5.81.8 ba5.93g/dm
3
5.101247.7 g5.113/55.1250 5.134.2154 × 10
23
electrons

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