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Dynamics_lecture5 [Compatibility Mode]

# Dynamics_lecture5 [Compatibility Mode]

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05/27/2014

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Systems of Particles

Introduction
In the current chapter, you will study the motion of
systemsof particles
.The
effective force
of a particle is defined as the product of it mass and acceleration. It will be shown that the
system of external forces
acting on a system of particles is
equipollent
with the
system of effective forces
of the system. and its motion described.Application of the
work-energy principle
and the
impulse-momentum principle
to a system of particles willbe described. Result obtained are also applicable to asystem of rigidly connected particles, i.e., a
rigid body
.Analysis methods will be presented for
variable systemsof particles
, i.e., systems in which the particles includedin the system change.

Application of Newton’s Laws. Effective Forces
Newtons second law for each particle
P
i
in a system of
n
particles,
( )
forcesinternalforceexternal
11
==×=×+× =+
==
ijiiiin jijiii iin jiji
f am f  am f
forceeffective
=
ii
am
The system of external and internal forcesacting on the entire system of particles is
equivalent
to the system of effective forces.The system of external and internal forces ona particle is
equivalent
to the effective forceof the particle.